Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , Bormann time fuze smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Artillery 1120 Ball Bormann time fuze 6pdr 3.67in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in. Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., round projectile diameter should measure 3.58 in. approximately, variations will be noted.

Artillery 1121 Ball Bormann time fuze, 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with "US", smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2974...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and "US", smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5.2lbs. Bormann time fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not determined.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2983...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and "US", smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5.3lbs. Bormann time fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: Barton West Virginia, Pocohontas County, Battle of Greenbriar.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.


Artillery 1122 Ball Bormann time fuze, 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. This shell is equipped with a Federal manufactured Bormann time fuze, .75 second starting notch, double wrench slots, entire fuze was threaded, (Jones pg. 22). Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A1665...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. This shell is equipped with a Federal manufactured Bormann time fuze, .75 second starting notch, double wrench slots, entire fuze was threaded, (Jones pg. 22). Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5.4lbs. Bormann fuze has been punched. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole on the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.


Artillery 1123 Ball Bormann time fuze, 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze wrench double slot, lead balls packed in sulfur matrix, iron underplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs . with balls), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. This shell is equipped with a Federal manufactured Bormann time fuze, .75 second starting notch, double wrench slots, entire fuze was threaded, (Jones pg. 22). Shell is cut exposing the interior, it is filled with lead balls packed in yellow sulfur matrix, underplug is iron. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A1774...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze wrench double slot, lead balls packed in sulfur matrix, iron underplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
A1774.jpg (32444 bytes) Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs . with balls), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. This shell is equipped with a Federal manufactured Bormann time fuze, .75 second starting notch, double wrench slots, entire fuze was threaded, (Jones pg. 22). Shell is cut exposing the interior, it is filled with lead balls packed in yellow sulfur matrix, underplug is iron. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight not meaningful. Botrmann fuze is punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.


Artillery 1124 Ball Bormann time fuze, 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 2 2 and 26. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 4 to 5lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A1666...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 2 2 and 26. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 4 to 5lbs. Bormann fuze punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed by drill hold through the bottom, not photographed. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A1671...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 2 2 and 26. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 4 to 5lbs. Bormann fuze punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed by drill hold through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2523...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
  Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 2 2 and 26. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5.3lbs. Bormann fuze is not punched. Projectile is disarmed by drill hold through the bottom. Recovered: Manassas, Virginia, by Dan Brown.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2773...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 2 2 and 26. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 4 to 5lbs. Metal is solid, remnants of straps and part of the wood sabot remain, fuze intact nice illustration of the fuze with the top milled for hand fastening. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the side. Recovered: Milledgeville, Georgia river cache.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.


Artillery 1125 Ball Bormann time fuze, 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 4 to 5lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2978...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 4.7lbs. Bormann fuze is not punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not determined.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2986...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5.7lbs. Metal solid, fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed by drill hold through the bottom. Recovered: Manassas, Virginia, there is old tag.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.


Artillery 1126 Ball Bormann time fuze, 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, iron underplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. This shell is equipped with a Federal manufactured Bormann time fuze, .75 second starting notch, double wrench slots, entire fuze was threaded, (Jones pg. 22). Shell is cut exposing the interior, it is filled with lead balls packed in black asphalt matrix, powder trail was drilled through the matrix and balls, underplug is iron. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs approx.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2930...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, iron underplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. This shell is equipped with a Federal manufactured Bormann time fuze, .75 second starting notch, double wrench slots, entire fuze was threaded, (Jones pg. 22). Shell is cut exposing the interior, it is filled with lead balls packed in black asphalt matrix, powder trail was drilled through the matrix and balls, underplug is iron. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5.2lbs. Bormann fuze is punched and burned out from firing. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes the interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.


Artillery 1127 Ball Bormann time fuze, 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed in powder only without matrix, brass underplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the shell, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 22 and 26). Shell is cut exposing the interior, it is filled with lead balls packed in black powder only, there is no matrix and no drilled powder trail, underplug is brass. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs. approx.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2740...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed in powder only without matrix, brass underplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the shell, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 22 and 26). Shell is cut exposing the interior, it is filled with lead balls packed in black powder only, there is no matrix and no drilled powder trail, underplug is brass. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs. approx. Bormann fuze is punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2835...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed in powder only without matrix, brass underplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the shell, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 22 and 26). Shell is cut exposing the interior, it is filled with lead balls packed in black powder only, there is no matrix and no drilled powder trail, underplug is brass. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs. approx. Bormann fuze is punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: Milledgeville, Georgia river cache.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.


Artillery 1128 Ball Bormann time fuze 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, iron underplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Shell is filled with lead balls packed in black asphalt matrix, powder trail was drilled through the matrix and balls, underplug is iron. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs approx.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A3016...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, iron underplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. with out balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Shell is filled with lead balls packed in black asphalt matrix, powder trail was drilled through the matrix and balls, underplug is iron. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5.2lbs. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.


Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs . with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Bormann fuze was seated on top of an underplug, it has a small hole to allow the flame to enter the chamber, (Jones pg. 22). Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs., approximate without fuze.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2249...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs . with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Bormann fuze was seated on top of an underplug, it has a small hole to allow the flame to enter the chamber, (Jones pg. 22). Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs., approximate without fuze. Bormann fuze missing, brass underplug brass with spanner holes is exposed. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole expanding the vent in the underplug. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2351...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs . with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Bormann fuze was seated on top of an underplug, it has a small hole to allow the flame to enter the chamber, (Jones pg. 22). Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs., approximate without fuze. Bormann fuze is missing, brass underplug with spanner holes is removable exposing the balls inside. Projectile is disarmed removable underplug exposes interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2451...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs . with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Bormann fuze was seated on top of an underplug, it has a small hole to allow the flame to enter the chamber, (Jones pg. 22). Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs., approximate without fuze. Bormann fuse is missing, brass underplug with slots exposed. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known..
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

A2039...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. The arsenals were stocked with them, most were manufactured before the war and both sides used them but primary use was southern. The exploding balls were equipped with time fuzes designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 5lbs . with balls ), or as "common" (approx 4lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Bormann fuze was seated on top of an underplug, it has a small hole to allow the flame to enter the chamber, (Jones pg. 22). Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 5lbs., approximate without fuze. Bormann fuze is missing, underplug is missing, contents are as found and appear to be iron balls packed in powder. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 29.

Smoothbore artillery projectile, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in., fragments

A0200.11...Smoothbore artillery projectile, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in., fragments.
Fragment 6 pounder, is unusually thin. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia campaign, by Harry Ridgeway.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

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