|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
|by Harry Ridgeway|
|A2144...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, polygonal cavity pentagonal pattern, wood time fuze, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in. |
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 6 pounder which had been the primary field howitzer in use before the Civil War but was outclassed by the new 12 pounders generally available. This pattern polygonal cavity is Confederate wartime manufacture.. By segmenting the interior into polygonal forms, points of weakness would facilitate more uniform fragmentation. This pattern was cast using the five sided pentagonal shape, ( Dickey & George Fig C-3 pg. 526) . Often the core would drift off center during casting, the resultant off-center cavity would tend to negate the benefits of the segmented interior. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., weight 4lbs. Wood fuze missing, cut shell shows segmented interior. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 30.
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