Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, Confederate copper time fuze, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in.
Artillery 1150 Ball Confederate copper fuze 6pdr 3.67in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in. Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., round projectile diameter should measure 3.58 in. approximately, variations will be noted.


Artillery 1151 Ball Confederate copper fuze 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Confederate copper time fuze, lead sideplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in.
Ball is Confederate wartime manufacture for the light smoothbore "Napoleon" cannon using the copper time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Those with side plugs were generally configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with iron balls), those without side plugs are usually "common" (approx 4lbs.) and without balls. This shell is "case shot" and employed a side plug as a way to load iron balls into the shell. Conventional case shot shells were usually filled with soft matrix and lead balls, an auger would be used to drill through the lead balls and the matrix to create a void for the powder train. Because of a shortage of lead, the Confederates substituted iron balls. To drill through a mixture of matrix and iron balls would be difficult, so a sizing rod would be inserted through the fuze hole to reserve a void for the powder, the iron balls and matrix would be loaded through a side hole, once loaded the side hole would be plugged, the sizing rod would be removed, and the powder train would be filled. This one was sealed with a lead side-plug. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, short pattern for spherical projectiles, with flange and spanner holes, the fuze hole is recessed to seat the flange flush with the curvature of the ball, (Jones pg. 38). Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., weight 5lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 32.

A0009...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Confederate copper time fuze, lead sideplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in.
Ball is Confederate wartime manufacture for the light smoothbore "Napoleon" cannon using the copper time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Those with side plugs were generally configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with iron balls), those without side plugs are usually "common" (approx 4lbs.) and without balls. This shell is "case shot" and employed a side plug as a way to load iron balls into the shell. Conventional case shot shells were usually filled with soft matrix and lead balls, an auger would be used to drill through the lead balls and the matrix to create a void for the powder train. Because of a shortage of lead, the Confederates substituted iron balls. To drill through a mixture of matrix and iron balls would be difficult, so a sizing rod would be inserted through the fuze hole to reserve a void for the powder, the iron balls and matrix would be loaded through a side hole, once loaded the side hole would be plugged, the sizing rod would be removed, and the powder train would be filled. This one was sealed with a lead side-plug. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, short pattern for spherical projectiles, with flange and spanner holes, the fuze hole is recessed to seat the flange flush with the curvature of the ball, (Jones pg. 38). Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., weight 5lbs. Copper fuze and side-plug intact, iron balls are rolling around inside. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Petersburg Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 32.

A1917...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Confederate copper time fuze, lead sideplug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in.
Ball is Confederate wartime manufacture for the light smoothbore "Napoleon" cannon using the copper time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Those with side plugs were generally configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with iron balls), those without side plugs are usually "common" (approx 4lbs.) and without balls. This shell is "case shot" and employed a side plug as a way to load iron balls into the shell. Conventional case shot shells were usually filled with soft matrix and lead balls, an auger would be used to drill through the lead balls and the matrix to create a void for the powder train. Because of a shortage of lead, the Confederates substituted iron balls. To drill through a mixture of matrix and iron balls would be difficult, so a sizing rod would be inserted through the fuze hole to reserve a void for the powder, the iron balls and matrix would be loaded through a side hole, once loaded the side hole would be plugged, the sizing rod would be removed, and the powder train would be filled. This one was sealed with a lead side-plug. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, short pattern for spherical projectiles, with flange and spanner holes, the fuze hole is recessed to seat the flange flush with the curvature of the ball, (Jones pg. 38). Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., weight 5lbs. Copper time fuze intact, lead plug is partial. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Petersburg Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 32.


Artillery 1152 Ball Confederate copper fuze 6pdr 3.67in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell , "case shot", Confederate copper time fuze, iron side-plug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in.
Ball is Confederate wartime manufacture for the light smoothbore "Napoleon" cannon using the copper time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Those with side plugs were generally configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with iron balls), those without side plugs are usually "common" (approx 4lbs.) and without balls. This shell is "case shot" and employed a side plug as a way to load iron balls into the shell. Conventional case shot shells were usually filled with soft matrix and lead balls, an auger would be used to drill through the lead balls and the matrix to create a void for the powder train. Because of a shortage of lead, the Confederates substituted iron balls. To drill through a mixture of matrix and iron balls would be difficult, so a sizing rod would be inserted through the fuze hole to reserve a void for the powder, the iron balls and matrix would be loaded through a side hole, once loaded the side hole would be plugged, the sizing rod would be removed, and the powder train would be filled. This one was sealed with an iron side-plug. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, short pattern for spherical projectiles, with flange and spanner holes, the fuze hole is recessed to seat the flange flush with the curvature of the ball, (Jones pg. 38). Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., weight 5lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 31.

A0008...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate copper time fuze, iron side-plug, smoothbore 6 pounder, 3.67in.
Ball is Confederate wartime manufacture for the light smoothbore "Napoleon" cannon using the copper time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Those with side plugs were generally configured as case shot (approx 5lbs. with iron balls), those without side plugs are usually "common" (approx 4lbs.) and without balls. This shell is "case shot" and employed a side plug as a way to load iron balls into the shell. Conventional case shot shells were usually filled with soft matrix and lead balls, an auger would be used to drill through the lead balls and the matrix to create a void for the powder train. Because of a shortage of lead, the Confederates substituted iron balls. To drill through a mixture of matrix and iron balls would be difficult, so a sizing rod would be inserted through the fuze hole to reserve a void for the powder, the iron balls and matrix would be loaded through a side hole, once loaded the side hole would be plugged, the sizing rod would be removed, and the powder train would be filled. This one was sealed with an iron side-plug. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, short pattern for spherical projectiles, with flange and spanner holes, the fuze hole is recessed to seat the flange flush with the curvature of the ball, (Jones pg. 38). Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., weight 5lbs. Metal shows considerable casting flaws and some pitting, but is cleaned and coated and stable. Copper fuze and iron side plug intact, balls are loose inside, fuze has not been removed. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 31.


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