Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, Bormann time fuze, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Artillery 1220 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in. Caliber of the gun is 4.62in., round projectile diameter should measure 4.52 in. approximately, variations will be noted.
Coehorn mortar 12 pounder, 4.62in. Caliber of the gun is 4.62in., round projectile diameter should measure 4.52 in. approximately, variations will be noted.


Artillery 1221 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and "US", smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 6 to 8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A0681.2...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8.4lbs. Bormann fuze is punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Baker House, Third Battle of Winchester, by Ray Morrison. The Baker house was a well known landmark because it had a cannon ball lodged in the side of the building that was visible to passerbys. The house was demolished in the 1970's, several cannon balls were recovered from the site.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.
Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2485...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and "US", smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned, US mark is readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: North Anna River, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2432...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and "US", smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 7lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned, US mark is weak but definite. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2772...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and "US", smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Bormann fuze intact, un-punched, numbers and US mark are crisp. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1222 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and "US", smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2977...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and "US", smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Bormann time fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not determined.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2984...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and "US", smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "US" on the fuze may indicate Washington arsenal, Jones pg. 23 upper right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10.3lbs. Bormann time fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: Barton West Virginia, Pocohontas County, Battle of Greenbriar.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1223 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 1lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 6 to 8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2860...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 1lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2864...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 1lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2928...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 1lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 7.6lbs. Metal solid, fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1224 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, iron underplug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball was "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls, iron underplug, thick sides. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 6 to 8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George Field Artillery (1993 Edition) pg. 35.

A1791...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, iron underplug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
A1791.jpg (25129 bytes) Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball was "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls, iron underplug, thick sides. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight not determined. Cut shell, showing cross section of fuze and open cavity. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell everything open. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George Field Artillery (1993 Edition) pg. 35.

A2686.1...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, iron underplug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball was "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls, iron underplug, thick sides. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Weak metal, projectile was cut and fuze removed. Recovered: Beaufort, South Carolina.
Ref: Dickey & George Field Artillery (1993 Edition) pg. 35.


Artillery 1225 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A1516...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Cut shell showing cross section of fuze and lead balls packed in sulfur matrix. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell everything open. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2105. Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10lbs. Metal solid with some pitting, remnants of straps are visible, Bormann fuze intact, un-punched, numbers are crisp. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: north Georgia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2350...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched, some numbers are readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2399...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10lbs. Cut shell showing cross section of fuze and lead balls packed in asphalt matrix. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell everything open. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2696...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10.6lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched, some numbers are readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2797...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10.8lbs. Bormann fuze intact, un-punched, some numbers are readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2826...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Bormann fuze intact, un-punched, some numbers are readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: Spotsylvania, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2885...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight not meaningful. Cut shell showing cross section of fuze and lead balls packed in asphalt matrix. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell everything open. Recovered: Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2908...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9.6lbs. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg Virginia campaign. Bormann fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the bottom. Cut shell shows cross section with iron under plug and lead balls packed in sulfur. An auger was used to cut the powder cavity, note cuts on several of the balls in the center.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2967...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Cut shell showing cross section with lead case shot balls packed in sulfur matrix, iron under plug. Note this shell shows prominent mold seam, but is Federal. Shells is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior and it is drilled through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1226 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with asphalt matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in black or asphalt matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2224...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with asphalt matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in black or asphalt matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Cut shell showing cross section of fuze and lead balls packed in asphalt matrix. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell everything open. Recovered: north Georgia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2884...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with asphalt matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in black or asphalt matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight not determined. Cut shell showing cross section of fuze and lead balls packed in asphalt matrix. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell everything open. Recovered: Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2893...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with asphalt matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in black or asphalt matrix, with iron underplug. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9.5lbs. Cut shell exposing cross section. Note that several of the balls were sliced, an auger was used to slice through the balls and matrix to form the narrow powder chamber. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1227 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed in powder without matrix, brass under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in powder, it appears that the balls were packed tight and entirely in powder without matrix, with brass underplug. The lead balls seem to be over packed and placed too close to the fuze hole, it appears that between the tight pack and potential ball movement during transportation and firing, there may have been a tendency for the fuze hole to become blocked, this likely was a major cause of failure, it may not have been the fuze that failed, there may not have been enough space for the powder to burn and detonate! Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, 1/2 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35 .

A2811...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed in powder without matrix, brass under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in powder, it appears that the balls were packed tight and entirely in powder without matrix, with brass underplug. The lead balls seem to be over packed and placed too close to the fuze hole, it appears that between the tight pack and potential ball movement during transportation and firing, there may have been a tendency for the fuze hole to become blocked, this likely was a major cause of failure, it may not have been the fuze that failed, there may not have been enough space for the powder to burn and detonate! Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, 1/2 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Cut shell showing cross section. Note that the lead balls clearly blocked the fuze hole. The shells were packed upside down in the caisson, constant bumping and the hot southern weather conditions could easily cause the balls to settle around the fuze hole. Metal is soft and pitted but stable, unfired fuze was not punched, numbers are readable. Shell has been cut and previous owner retained the fuze, photo of the fuze is before the shell was cut, each halve shows balls packed tight into the shell and if there was asphalt matrix, it appears to have blended with the powder. The black powder or matrix is hard and crusty and not flammable at this point, inside has also been clear coated to preserve the contents in place as found. Projectile is disarmed, everything is open and exposed. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35 .

A2878...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed in powder without matrix, brass under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in powder, it appears that the balls were packed tight and entirely in powder without matrix, with brass underplug. The lead balls seem to be over packed and placed too close to the fuze hole, it appears that between the tight pack and potential ball movement during transportation and firing, there may have been a tendency for the fuze hole to become blocked, this likely was a major cause of failure, it may not have been the fuze that failed, there may not have been enough space for the powder to burn and detonate! Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, 1/2 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11.7lbs. Cut shell showing cross section. Note that the lead balls clearly blocked the fuze hole. The shells were packed upside down in the caisson, constant bumping and the hot southern weather conditions could easily cause the balls to settle around the fuze hole. Metal is solid, fuze is partial. Shell has been cut, each halve shows balls packed tight into the shell and if there was asphalt matrix, it appears to have blended with the powder. The black powder or matrix is hard and crusty and not flammable at this point, inside has also been clear coated to preserve the contents in place as found. Projectile is disarmed, everything is open and exposed. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35 .


Artillery 1228 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 6 to 8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A1799...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
A1799.jpg (33625 bytes) A1799B.jpg (43476 bytes) Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 7lbs. Bormann fuze intact, un-punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom, not photographed. Recovered: New Bern North Carolina.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2429...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: north Georgia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2479...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: Bermuda Hundred, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2763...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2831...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8.1lbs. Bormann fuze intact, un-punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: Harrisons Landing, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1229 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 10lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A0013...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9.8lbs. Bormann time fuze is punched for 2.5 seconds. Lead case shot balls can be heard rattling around inside. Metal quality of this round is excellent. Recovered: Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, along trench line, by Harry Ridgeway, 1960's.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2349...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2902...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9.7lbs. Bormann fuze intact punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35 .


Artillery 1230 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and single depressed star, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot and single depressed star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower left. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2825...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot and single depressed star, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot and single depressed star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower left. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10.3lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1231 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and single depressed star, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug,smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls).This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. A punch was used to force a cavity for the powder chamber, the chamber is irregular, later models employed an auger to obtain a cleaner cut. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot and single depressed star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower left. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs..
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2487...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and single depressed star, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug,smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls).This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. A punch was used to force a cavity for the powder chamber, the chamber is irregular, later models employed an auger to obtain a cleaner cut. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot and single depressed star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower left. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 12lbs, very heavy with balls. Bormann fuze is punched. Projectile is disarmed: cut shell, everything is exposed. Recovered: Totopotomony Creek, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2877...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and single depressed star, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug,smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls).This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. A punch was used to force a cavity for the powder chamber, the chamber is irregular, later models employed an auger to obtain a cleaner cut. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot and single depressed star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower left. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Bormann fuze is punched. Projectile is disarmed: cut shell, everything is exposed. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1232 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and two stars, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot and double stars, depressed star on the left, raised star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2253...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and two stars, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot and double stars, depressed star on the left, raised star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Bormann fuze punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2484...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and two stars, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot and double stars, depressed star on the left, raised star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight not determined. sBormann fuze punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: North Anna River, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1233 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and two stars, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot and double stars, depressed star on the left, raised star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 6 to 8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2958...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and two stars, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot and double stars, depressed star on the left, raised star on right side, Jones pg. 22, lower right. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 7.8lbs. Metal solid, Bormann fuze intact, punched some numbers readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom.. Recovered: Virginia campaign, not confirmed.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1234 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann "Braille"time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "Braille" dots substituted for the numbers so the gunner could feel the gradations in poor visibility conditions, Jones pg. 24, middle. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 6 to 8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A0012...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann "Braille" time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "Braille" dots substituted for the numbers so the gunner could feel the gradations in poor visibility conditions, Jones pg. 24, middle. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10.0lbs. Fuze is fully readable, metal is solid, case shot balls can be heard rolling around inside. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Confederate trench, Spotsylvania Virginia. by early digger Mac Mason in June 1975.
Ref: McKee & Mason, pg. 129 lower right, this is the shell photographed.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A1906...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann "Braille"time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "Braille" dots substituted for the numbers so the gunner could feel the gradations in poor visibility conditions, Jones pg. 24, middle. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 7lbs. Bormann fuze un- punched, numbers readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom, not photographed. Recovered: Augusta, Georgia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2617...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann "Braille" time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, "Braille" dots substituted for the numbers so the gunner could feel the gradations in poor visibility conditions, Jones pg. 24, middle. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 7.7lbs. Metal solid, Bormann fuze intact, punched some numbers readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1235 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and hand tightening lip, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot, top of of fuze was not threaded an idea (that didn't work) to allow it to be hand tightened without a tool, Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 6 to 8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2295...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and hand tightening lip, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot, top of of fuze was not threaded an idea (that didn't work) to allow it to be hand tightened without a tool, Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2907...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot and hand tightening lip, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot,, top of of fuze was not threaded an idea (that didn't work) to allow it to be hand tightened without a tool, Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 6 to 7.7lbs. Metal solid with some pitting, Confederate fuze intact, .5 second mark is crisp and the hand tightening lip is clearly visible, fuze is punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1236 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot , Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A0680...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot , Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs. Bormann fuze intact and punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Trenary farm on US 522 south of Winchester.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.
Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A1798...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
A1798.jpg (35347 bytes) A1798B.jpg (40771 bytes) A1798C.jpg (48086 bytes) Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot , Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom, not photographed. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2275...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot , Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2321...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot , Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Metal solid, Bormann fuze intact, un- punched, numbers readable, original wood sabot intact with damage but stable, remnants of straps. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: Oconee River, Milledgeville, Georgia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2486...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot , Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11lbs. Bormann fuze punched. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: Williamsburg, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2832...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot , Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 11.7lbs. Bormann fuze, punched some numbers readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1237 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed with asphalt matrix, brass under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in black or asphalt matrix, with brass underplug. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot for tool, Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35 .

A1514...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed with asphalt matrix, brass under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in black or asphalt matrix, with brass underplug. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot for tool, Jones pg. 26. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10lbs. Cut shell showing cross section of fuze and lead balls packed in asphalt matrix.Bormann fuze punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell everything open. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35 .


Artillery 1238 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, " case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, brass under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs . with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with brass underplug. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot for tool, Jones pg. 2 6. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2396...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, " case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, brass under plug, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs . with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with brass underplug. Fuze employed was a Confederate Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting time, single slot for tool, Jones pg. 2 6. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10.5lbs. Cut shell showing cross section of fuze and lead balls packed in sulfur matrix. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell everything open. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1239 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, " case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze, three ringed bullets packed with sawdust, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs . without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with three ringer bullets packed in sawdust. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A1793...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, " case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze, three ringed bullets packed with sawdust, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs . without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with three ringer bullets packed in sawdust. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight not determined. Cut shell showing cross section of minie balls packed in sawdust. Metal solid with pitting, Bormann fuze is in the other half, underplug not determined. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell everything open. Recovered: Oconee River, Milledgeville, Georgia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). Shell was threaded for a Bormann time fuze, which is missing, exposing underplug. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 7 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2449...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). Shell was threaded for a Bormann time fuze, which is missing, exposing underplug. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 8lbs. Bormann fuze missing, iron underplug exposed. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole in the bottom. Recovered: Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2554...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). Shell was threaded for a Bormann time fuze, which is missing, exposing underplug. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 10lbs. Metal soft but stable, Bormann fuze is missing, underplug exposed. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole in the bottom. Recovered: not known..
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.

A2232...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field, solid shot was generally used against opposing cannon, but one could be substituted for the other as needed. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 9 to 11lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 6 to 8lbs. without balls). Shell was threaded for a Bormann time fuze, which is missing, exposing underplug. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 9lbs., no fuze. Metal solid with pitting, Bormann fuze missing, lead balls visible inside still packed in asphalt matrix. Shell disarm, open fuze hole exposes interior. Recovered: Tennessee campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 35.


Artillery 1240 Ball Bormann fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, Bormann fuze disabled, Confederate drilled, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon". Many of the Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuzes were noted as failing, this was thought to have been caused by clogging or melting of the burn channel. To remedy some of the Bormann fuzes were removed altogether and holes drilled through the brass underplug to open up the fuze to enable it to burn better. It is speculated that this may have opened up the fuze too much, and the idea seems to have seen very limited use. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 7 to 11lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 40.

A0901...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, Bormann fuze disabled, Confederate drilled, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon". Many of the Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuzes were noted as failing, this was thought to have been caused by clogging or melting of the burn channel. To remedy some of the Bormann fuzes were removed altogether and holes drilled through the brass underplug to open up the fuze to enable it to burn better. It is speculated that this may have opened up the fuze too much, and the idea seems to have seen very limited use. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight not determined. Drilled fuze is definite strong example. Projectile is disarmed open fuze hole has been reamed exposing the empty interior. Recovered: Honey Hill, South Carolina
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 40.



Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, Bormann time fuzed, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in., fragments

A0200.02...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, Bormann time fuzed, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Fragments of Bormann fuzed balls can be distinguished by the large threaded hole for the fuze and a smaller threaded hole for the underplug. Thickness of the casing and underplug varies considerably. Generally the thicker casings are for "common" shell, thinner for "case shot", however this does not seem to have been followed closely. Brass underplug generally is Confederate and iron for Federal. It is probably not possible to tell Union versus Confederate from the frags, once the underplugs and fuzes are separated. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia 1863 and 1864 campaign, by Harry Ridgeway.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A0200.05...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in., fragments
These 12 pounder fragments can be either Confederateor Federal. Thickness varies, thicker fragments usually come from "common" shells, thinner from "case shot". Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia 1863 or 1864 campaign, by Harry Ridgeway.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A200.07...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, Bormann time fuzed, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in., fragments
This fragment from 12 pounder shows threaded fuze, diameter is for a Bormann fuze. However there is no recessed smaller hole for an underplug. Perhaps this is a Confederate variant, shell made without an underplug. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia campaign, by Harry Ridgeway.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


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