Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Smoothbore ball, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Broun concussion fuze, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Artillery 1270 Ball Broun concussion fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in. Caliber of the gun is 4.62in., round projectile diameter should measure 4.52 in. approximately, variations will be noted.
Coehorn mortar 12 pounder, 4.62in. Caliber of the gun is 4.62in., round projectile diameter should measure 4.52 in. approximately, variations will be noted.


Artillery 1271 Ball Broun concussion fuzed 12pdr. 4.62in.
Smoothbore ball, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Broun concussion fuze, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Broun concussion fuze designed to detonate on impact any direction. This was another idea that did not work, this ball was designed to detonate on impact, no matter what direction landed, most probably it would never have made it out of the bore. These were produced in late 1864 or 1865 when supplies were desperate and it appears that most were emptied, mechanics removed and the empty balls simply used up as bolts. Fuze employed was the Broun Percussion Fuze, convex fuze, with long screwdriver slot, (Jones pg. 69) . Projectile measures: diameter 4.5in., weight 6.2lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 41.

A0418...Smoothbore ball, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Broun concussion fuze, smoothbore 12 pounder, 4.62in.
Projectile was intended for the smoothbore 12 pounder "Napoleon" using the Broun concussion fuze designed to detonate on impact any direction. This was another idea that did not work, this ball was designed to detonate on impact, no matter what direction landed, most probably it would never have made it out of the bore. These were produced in late 1864 or 1865 when supplies were desperate and it appears that most were emptied, mechanics removed and the empty balls simply used up as bolts. Fuze employed was the Broun Percussion Fuze, convex fuze, with long screwdriver slot, (Jones pg. 69) . Projectile measures: diameter 4.5in., weight 6.2lbs. Broun's percussion fuze intact, a small hole was drilled through it, this may have been an attempt to disarm it. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 41.


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