Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, Bormann time fuze, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Artillery 1420 Ball Bormann fuze 24pdr. 5.82in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Coehorn mortar 24 pounder, 5.82in. Caliber of the gun is 5.82in., round projectile diameter should measure 5.68 in. approximately, variations will be noted.
Smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in. Caliber of the gun is 5.82in., round projectile diameter should measure 5.68 in. approximately, variations will be noted.


Artillery 1421 Ball Bormann fuze 24pdr. 5.82in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was equipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Shell employed a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, (Jones pg. 23 upper right). Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 16 to 18lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47
.

A2290. Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was equipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Shell employed a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, (Jones pg. 23 upper right). Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 16 to 18lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47
.


Artillery 1422 Ball Bormann fuze 24pdr. 5.82in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, " case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was equipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. Shell employed a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, (Jones pg. 23). Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 20 to 23lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.

A2054. Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, " case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench double slot, lead balls packed with sulfur matrix, iron under plug, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was equipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls packed in yellow or sulfur matrix, with iron underplug. Shell employed a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, double slot, (Jones pg. 23). Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 20 to 23lbs. Cut shell, view of sulfur matrix and lead case shot balls. Bormann fuze intact, punched and burned. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom and cut shell exposes the interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.


Artillery 1423 Ball Bormann fuze 24pdr. 5.82in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was equipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 20 to 23lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.

A0018...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was equipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight not determined. Bormann time fuze intact, Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom, not photographed. Recovered: Potomac River defenses.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.

A0828...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "case shot", Federal Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was equipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls. Fuze employed was a Federal Bormann time fuze, 3/4 second starting time, single slot, Jones pg. 23. Projectile measures: diameter 4.52in., weight 23lbs. Bormann time fuze intact, Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Hilton Head, South Carolina by Steve Bilinsky.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.


Artillery 1424 Ball Bormann fuze 24pdr. 5.82in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was e quipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 22 and 26) . Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 16 to 18lbs .
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.

A1694. Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was e quipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 22 and 26) . Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 16.4lb. Bormann fuze intact, punched, some numbers are readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Augusta, Georgia river cache.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.

A2471...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore, which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was e quipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" (standard), explosive charge only without balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 22 and 26) . Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 16lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched, most numbers are readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Drewerys Bluff, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.


Artillery 1425 Ball Bormann fuze 24pdr. 5.82in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, " case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore , which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars . Ball was equipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 22 and 26). Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 20 to 23lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.

A2749...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, " case shot", Confederate Bormann time fuze with wrench single slot, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore , which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars . Ball was equipped with the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "case shot", explosive charge with balls. Shell is equipped with a Confederate manufactured Bormann time fuze, .5 second starting notch, single wrench slot, threads omitted from the top of the fuze, theoretically enabling the fuze to be hand tightened, (Jones pg. 22 and 26). Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 23lbs. Bormann fuze intact, punched, some numbers readable. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.


Artillery 1426 Ball Bormann fuze 24pdr. 5.82in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore , which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was equipped with< the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Shell was threaded for a Bormann time fuze , which is missing, exposing iron underplug. Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 16lbs., fuze missing.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.

A2615...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, "common" (standard), Bormann time fuze, underplug exposed, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in.
Projectile was intended for the 24 pounder smoothbore , which was uncommon, not a very practical weapon for field use because of its excessive weight, most were used as flanking guns in the forts or as Coehorn mortars. Ball was equipped with< the Bormann time fuze designed to detonate in the air above the target, spreading fragments against troops in the open field. Originally the ball used a wood cup sabot attached to the ball with straps, on firing the straps would break releasing the ball. Some of these shells were configured as case shot (approx 20 to 23lbs. with balls ), or as "common" (approx 16 to 18lbs. without balls). This ball is "common" or standard round, explosive charge only without balls. Shell was threaded for a Bormann time fuze , which is missing, exposing iron underplug. Projectile measures: diameter 5.7in., weight 16lbs., Bormann fuze missing, iron underplug visible. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the underplug. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 47.


Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in., fragments

A0200.09. Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, smoothbore 24 pounder, 5.82in., fragments
Fragments of 24 pounder ball were all found at "west fort", Second Battle of Winchester. Both case shot and common shot fragments were found. This was a Federal battery, captured by the Confederates. The shells were fired on this fort by the Federal artillery from Milroy's main battery. It is interesting to note that the batteries are nearly a mile apart, which means these shells were fired from a flanking 24 pounder, not a mortar. Milroy's defenses of Winchester in 1863 was a system of three hill top batteries in triangle fashion, this was an elevated inland fort and not a river or harbor fort. Flanking 24 pounder guns had only typically been used in coastal forts, Milroy's hilltop fort was equipped with both 32 pounder heavy guns and these 24 pounder flanking guns, this was unconventional for the period. All of these fragments were recovered from "west fort", Second Battle of Winchester, by Harry Ridgeway and Margaurite Smith.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


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