Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery

by Harry Ridgeway


Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar, wood fuze, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Artillery 1750 Ball Mortar wood fuze 8in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.


Weapons used:
Smoothbore mortar, 8in. Caliber of the gun is 8.0in., round projectile diameter should measure 7.88in. approximately, variations will be noted.
Smoothbore Columbiad gun, 8in. Caliber of the gun is 8.0in., round projectile diameter should measure 7.88in. approximately, variations will be noted.

The big 8 in balls generally fall into two categories, Columbiads or mortars. The mortar was a lighter gun, designed to send a lighter ball on a very high trajectory over the embankment and into a dug in trench. The walls on these mortars is going to be relative thin, usually around 1.0 inch to 1.5 inch. Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the Columbiad seige gun. This s were heavy Navy smoothbores, and were used in siege operations against land forts or other ships, the balls will be heavier, the walls are generally 2 inch thickness or greater.


Artillery 1751 Ball Mortar wood fuze 8in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A0131...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Petersburg, Virginia.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A0696...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 42lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Petersburg, Virginia.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A1045...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in., arsenal mark "JW"
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Shell is marked "JW", believed to have been manufactured by James Wasson, owner of Wassen & Co who was awarded contract from Watervliet Arsenal in 1862 to produce these shells, unpublished research by Wayne Stark. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A1048...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in., arsenal mark "TT"
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Shell is marked "TT", believed to have been manufactured Thomas Terry, Williamsport NY who was awarded a contract from the Ordnance Department in 1864 to produce these shells, unpublished research by Wayne Stark. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A1049...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in., arsenal mark "TT"
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Shell is marked "TT", believed to have been manufactured Thomas Terry, Williamsport NY who was awarded a contract from the Ordnance Department in 1864 to produce these shells, unpublished research by Wayne Stark. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A1050...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in., arsenal mark "TT"
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Shell is marked "TT", believed to have been manufactured Thomas Terry, Williamsport NY who was awarded a contract from the Ordnance Department in 1864 to produce these shells, unpublished research by Wayne Stark. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A1051...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in., arsenal mark "TT"
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Shell is marked "TT", believed to have been manufactured Thomas Terry, Williamsport NY who was awarded a contract from the Ordnance Department in 1864 to produce these shells, unpublished research by Wayne Stark. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2055...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2282...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2360...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 43lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Mobile Bay, Alabama.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2369...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Wood fuze is present and loose. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior, and it is drilled on the bottom. Recovered: North Carolina defenses.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2410...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2540...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2664...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in., arsenal mark "TT"
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Shell is marked "TT", believed to have been manufactured Thomas Terry, Williamsport NY who was awarded a contract from the Ordnance Department in 1864 to produce these shells, unpublished research by Wayne Stark. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2728...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 41lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2824...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2869...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 43lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.

A2973...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals for the heavy mortars. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 43lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 55.


Artillery 1752 Ball Mortar wood fuze 8in.
Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, likely Confederate manufacture, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Confederate arsenals for the heavy mortars. This pattern is likely Confederate based on the unusual shape of the tong holes, the hole is wide. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 57.

A1403...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, likely Confederate manufacture, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Confederate arsenals for the heavy mortars. This pattern is likely Confederate based on the unusual shape of the tong holes, the hole is wide. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Wood fuze is intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 57.

A2361...Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, bursting shell, thin walled mortar with lifting ears, wood fuze with 1.25in. opening, likely Confederate manufacture, smoothbore mortar, 8in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Confederate arsenals for the heavy mortars. This pattern is likely Confederate based on the unusual shape of the tong holes, the hole is wide. Designed for siege operations, these guns were designed to send a projectile on a high trajectory into the enemy trench. Depth of the fuze hole is approximately 1.5in., this is much lighter than the Columbiad seige gun. Many were cast with tong or lifting ears for lifting into a mortar. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place, larger opening, 1.25in. for a mortar. Projectile measures: diameter 7.9in., weight 45lbs. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 57.


Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, 8 in., fragments.

A0476.1. Smoothbore artillery projectile, spherical ball, 8 in., fragments.
Shell fragment 8 in. ball Note remains of threaded fuze hole, this fragment is 1.75 in. thick Recovered: Richmond VA.
Fragment weighs 5lb.


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