|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
by Harry Ridgeway
|A0109...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, canister, pattern with stiff iron can, thin iron top, lead balls, no sabot, holes in the bottom, Navy boat howitzer, 3.4 in. |
The canister was the artillerist's weapon of last resort. Once the enemy got close to the battery, the gunners would load these rounds, and the flimsy can would burst on firing sending the contents in scatter fashion against the troops charging the cannon. The fire was devastating against the troops but the enemy would be so close that options to reload and shoot would have been limited. The can was filled with lead balls, packed in sawdust, a thin iron plate was fitted on the top. The can was rigid and did not have a sabot, three large holes were placed in the bottom, energy from firing would push through the bottom and force the balls and lid out the top. This is Navy round and was intended for the Navy light howitzer,to be used in close combat, ship against troops, application was very limited. Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 5.5in. Can was recovered empty. Projectile is disarmed, empty carcass only. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 365.
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