|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
by Harry Ridgeway
|A0001...Artillery projectile, stand of grape, contained by rings and plates, iron balls, no sabot, smoothbore or rifled 24 pounder, 5.8in. |
The stand of grape was the artillerist's weapon of last resort. Once the enemy got close to the battery, the gunners would load these rounds, and the flimsy stand would burst on firing sending the contents in scatter fashion against the troops charging the cannon. The fire was devastating against the troops but the enemy would be so close that options to reload and shoot would have been limited. The stand of grape consisted of top and bottom plates, held together with a bolt and nut, three rows of three balls (9 total) were stacked around the post, and held in place with two rings and the bolt. The bolt is held in place by a threaded nut on the top, bottom is loosely fitted into a slightly irregular hole on the bottom plate. Based on the diameter of this projectile, it is believed that this could be used with any 24 pounder cannon, 5.8in. Projectile measures: diameter 5.5in., length 7in. (excluding top nut), weight 24.3lbs. Individual balls will measure 2.62in. approximately, the balls are often irregular. Nondug stand, all parts intact. Projectile is disarmed, castings are solid iron, never had a bursting charge. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 104.
|A1718...Artillery projectile, stand of grape, smoothbore or rifled 24 pounder, 5.8in., plates top and bottom |
Top and bottom plates from grape stand and one ball. Recovered: not known.
|A0198...Iron balls, "case shot", "canister", and "grape" shot various different sizes. |
Generally small balls were used for "case shot" shells and the larger balls for cans. Recovered: Harry Ridgeway Frederick County, Virginia.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia
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