Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, 3 in.
Artillery 3110 Archer 3in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Confederate rifle, 3.in. is caliber of the gun, 7 grooves, (apparently copied from Federal 3 in. Ordnance rifle), projectile diameter should measure 2.94 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 3111 Archer bolt 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with short nose and long tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a long tapered knob on the base. Production of this pattern was limited, it appears to have been experimental and development moved to patterns with longer noses and shorter bases. Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 6.8lb.
Artillery 3111 Archer bolt 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 74.

A0527...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with short nose and long tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a long tapered knob on the base. Production of this pattern was limited, it appears to have been experimental and development moved to patterns with longer noses and shorter bases. Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight not determined. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid, minor pitting only. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Remington, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 74.

A1530...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with short nose and long tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a long tapered knob on the base. Production of this pattern was limited, it appears to have been experimental and development moved to patterns with longer noses and shorter bases. Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 6.8lb.
Artillery 3111 Archer bolt 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 74.
Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 6.8lb. Fired sabot shows rifling and distortion and is intact. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Remington, Virginia.


Artillery 3112 Archer bolt 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with flat tip nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.

Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern was cast with distinct flat top, lead band sabot, two deep grooves to hold the sabot, a substantial knob was left on the bottom below the sabot. Production of this pattern was limited, it appears to have been experimental and development moved to longer patterns with more grooves. Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.3lb.
Artillery 3112 Archer bolt 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 77.

A1066...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with flat tip nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern was cast with distinct flat top, lead band sabot, two deep grooves to hold the sabot, a substantial knob was left on the bottom below the sabot. Production of this pattern was limited, it appears to have been experimental and development moved to longer patterns with more grooves. Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.3lb.
Artillery 3112 Archer bolt 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 77.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.3lb. Unfired sabot intact. Metal quality solid, minor pitting only. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Fairfax Virginia cache.


Artillery 3113 Archer bolt 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight 8lbs.
Artillery 3113 Archer bolt 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A0025...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight not determined. Unfired sabot intact. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Manassas, Virginia, by Mac Mason.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A0481...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight 8lbs. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid, damage on nose is partly casting flaw. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: not determined.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A0592...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight 8lbs. Sabot is unfired and intact. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: not determined.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A0839...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight 8lbs. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Shiloh, Tennessee.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A0967...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight 8lbs. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Shiloh, Tennessee.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A1198...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight 8lbs. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: New Bridge, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A1388...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight not determined. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing, a section of fired sabot was recovered from the same site and is included for illustration. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Pigeon Hill near Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A1525...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight 8lbs. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: not determined.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A1853...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant tapered knob on the base. This bolt had little fire power so the use of them was discontinued fairly early in the war. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight 8lbs.
Artillery 3113 Archer bolt 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.96in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.3lb. Fired sabot shows 7 lands and grooves, and is intact. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Chancellorsville, Virginia.

A2003...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant knob on the base. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight not determined. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid, minor pitting only. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Gettysburg campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A2381...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant knob on the base. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6in., weight 8lbs. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves and is intact. Metal is solid, large hole on one side is casting flaw, this is wonderful illustration of Confederate production problems, although most had better castings than this. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Chancellorsville 1972 by Mac Mason.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.


Artillery 3114 Archer bolt 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, long pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern is long and has one deep angled groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a significant knob on the base. Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 7.6lb., without sabot.
Artillery 3114 Archer bolt 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 79.

A0872...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, long pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern is long and has one deep angled groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a significant knob on the base. Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 7.6lb., without sabot. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid with areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Shiloh Tennessee.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 79.

A1100...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, long pattern with long nose and short tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern is long and has one deep angled groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a significant knob on the base. Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 7.6lb., without sabot.
Artillery 3114 Archer bolt 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 79.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 7.6lb., without sabot. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid with areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Shiloh Tennessee.


Artillery 3115 Archer shell 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, without flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant knob on the base. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 5.5lb., no sabot.
Artillery 3115 Archer shell 3in. Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

A1526...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, without flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant knob on the base. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 5.5lb., no sabot.
Artillery 3115 Archer shell 3in. Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 78.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 5.5lb., no sabot. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Wood fuze missing, hole is tapered. Metal solid. Shell disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Shiloh, Tennessee.


Artillery 3116 Archer shell 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, with flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant knob on the base. A flame groove running the exterior was idea copied from the Federals. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 5.4lbs.
Artillery 3116 Archer shell 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 81.

A0026...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, with flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant knob on the base. A flame groove running the exterior was idea copied from the Federals. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze), weight not determined. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Wood fuze missing, hole is tapered. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: near Ft. Magruder, Virginia, February 1971 by Mac Mason.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 81.

A0562...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, with flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant knob on the base. A flame groove running the exterior was idea copied from the Federals. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 5.4lbs. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Wood fuze missing, hole is tapered. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 81.

A0729...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, with flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant knob on the base. A flame groove running the exterior was idea copied from the Federals. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 5.4lbs.
Artillery 3116 Archer shell 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 81.

Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 5.4lbs. Fired sabot intact showing three lands and grooves, and is intact. Wood fuze intact. Metal solid, minor pitting only. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Shiloh, Tennessee.

A1854...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with long nose and short tapered base, with flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving significant knob on the base. A flame groove running the exterior was idea copied from the Federals. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze), weight not determined. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Wood fuze remnants, hole is tapered. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Shiloh, Tennessee.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 81.


Artillery 3117 Archer shell 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern with long nose and short tapered base, without flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern is long and has one deep angled groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a significant knob on the base. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 6.6lbs.
Artillery 3117 Archer shell 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 83.

A0604...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern with long nose and short tapered base, without flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern is long and has one deep angled groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a significant knob on the base. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 6.6lbs.
Artillery 3117 Archer shell 3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 83.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.0in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 6.6lbs. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Wood fuze is missing, hole is tapered. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley Virginia campaign.


Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design., fragments

A0200.26...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design., fragments
This fragment from Archer was recovered in an early campaign. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, by Harry Ridgeway.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia.


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