Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, 3.2 to 3.3in.
Artillery 3120 Archer 3.2in. to 3.3in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Confederate rifle, 3.25.in., to 3.4in., intended caliber or calibers are uncertain, groove pattern is not determined, projectile diameter should measure .1in. to .15in.smaller than the bore, many variations will be found.


Artillery 3121 Archer bolt 3.2in. to 3.3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with short nose and long tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3.25 or 3.3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a long tapered knob on the base. Production of this pattern was limited, it appears to have been experimental and development moved to patterns with longer noses and shorter bases. Projectile measures: diameter 3.26in., length 6.0in., weight 7.2lbs.
Artillery 3121 Archer bolt 3.2in. to 3.3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 84.

A0500...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with short nose and long tapered base, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3.25 or 3.3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a long tapered knob on the base. Production of this pattern was limited, it appears to have been experimental and development moved to patterns with longer noses and shorter bases. Projectile measures: diameter 3.26in., length 6.0in., weight 7.2lbs.
Artillery 3121 Archer bolt 3.2in. to 3.3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 84.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.26in., length 6.0in., weight 7.2lbs. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Metal solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Shiloh, Tennessee.


Artillery 3122 Archer bolt 3.2in. to 3.3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with long nose and tapered base flush with sabot, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3.25 or 3.3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended flush to bottom of the shell . Projectile measures: diameter 3.2in., length 6.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.7lbs.
Artillery 3122 Archer bolt 3.2in. to 3.3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 85.

A0027...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with long nose and tapered base flush with sabot, lead band sabot, Confederate rifle, 3.25 or 3.3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended flush to bottom of the shell . Projectile measures: diameter 3.2in., length 6.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.7lbs.
Artillery 3122 Archer bolt 3.2in. to 3.3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 85.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.2in., length 6.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.7lbs. Lead band sabot is unfired and intact. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Shiloh, Tennessee.


Artillery 3123 Archer shell 3.2in. to 3.3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with rounded nose and short tapered tie ring base, with flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3.25 or 3.3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a significant knob on the base, with a third groove serving as a tie ring. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 3.25in., length 5.25in., weight tbd.
Artillery 3123 Archer shell 3.2in. to 3.3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 86.

A1855...Rifled artillery projectile, Archer design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern with rounded nose and short tapered tie ring base, with flame grooves, lead band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3.25 or 3.3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following the general designs of Junius Archer. A lead band sabot was cast onto the projectile secured by concentric grooves cast into the base of the shell. This pattern has two deep angled grooves and one narrow groove, sabot extended to bottom groove leaving a significant knob on the base, with a third groove serving as a tie ring. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 3.25in., length 5.25in., weight tbd.
Artillery 3123 Archer shell 3.2in. to 3.3in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 86.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.26in., length 5.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 5.3lb. Fired sabot separated on firing, and is missing. Wood fuze missing, hole is tapered. Metal solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 86.


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