Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, 3.5 in.
Artillery 3420 Britten 3.5in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Blakely 12 pounder rifle, 3.5in. Caliber of the gun is 3.5in., 7 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 3.43 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 3421 Britten bolt 3.5in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with short tapered nose, lead cup sabot, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Projectile measures: diameter 3.5in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lb.
Artillery 3421 Britten bolt 3.5in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 115.

A0032...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with short tapered nose, lead cup sabot, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 12.0lbs. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves, and is intact. Metal is solid with areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 115.

A2436...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with short tapered nose, lead cup sabot, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Projectile measures: diameter 3.5in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lb.
Artillery 3421 Britten bolt 3.5in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 115.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.5in., length 6.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lb. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves, and is intact. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Cedar Creek, Virginia, by Jim Rudolph.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia.


Artillery 3422 Britten shell percussion fuze 3.5in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, Britten percussion fuze, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded for a Britten percussion fuze, the domed fuze was highly advanced at the time, (Jones, Fuzes, Pg 72). Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lbs.
Artillery 3422 Britten shell percussion fuze 3.5in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 117.

A0033...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, Britten percussion fuze, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded for a Britten percussion fuze, the domed fuze was highly advanced at the time, (Jones, Fuzes, Pg 72). Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6in. (excluding fuze), weight not determined. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves, and is intact. Percussion fuze was jammed into fuze hole on firing. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the fuze. Recovered: Seven Days Battle, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 117.

A0878...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, Britten percussion fuze, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded for a Britten percussion fuze, the domed fuze was highly advanced at the time, (Jones, Fuzes, Pg 72). Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6in. (excluding fuze), weight not determined. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves, and is intact. Percussion fuze was damaged on firing, cap and slider are from another shell and can be removed for display. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the fuze. Recovered: Seven Days Battle, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 117.

A1177...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, Britten percussion fuze, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded for a Britten percussion fuze, the domed fuze was highly advanced at the time, (Jones, Fuzes, Pg 72). Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 12.3lb. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves, and is intact. Percussion fuze intact. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Manassas, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 117.

A1326...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, Britten percussion fuze, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded for a Britten percussion fuze, the domed fuze was highly advanced at the time, (Jones, Fuzes, Pg 72). Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6in. (excluding fuze), weight not determined. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves, and is intact. Percussion fuze is missing. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes the empty interior. Recovered: Manassas, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 117.

A1524...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, Britten percussion fuze, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded for a Britten percussion fuze, the domed fuze was highly advanced at the time, (Jones, Fuzes, Pg 72). Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 12.3lb. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves, and is intact. Percussion fuze intact. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Seven Days Battle, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 117.

A2353...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, Britten percussion fuze, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded for a Britten percussion fuze, the domed fuze was highly advanced at the time, (Jones, Fuzes, Pg 72). Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lbs.
Artillery 3422 Britten shell percussion fuze 3.5in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 117.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 5.75in. (excluding fuze and missing sabot), weight 10lbs. (missing sabot). Lead cup sabot separated on firing and is missing. Percussion fuze intact. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Seven Days Battle, Virginia campaign.

A2379...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, Britten percussion fuze, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded for a Britten percussion fuze, the domed fuze was highly advanced at the time, (Jones, Fuzes, Pg 72). Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lbs. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves, and is intact. Percussion fuze intact. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Manassas, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 117.

A2764...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, Britten percussion fuze, Blakely rifle 3.5 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Interior is segmented to provide points of weakness for maximum fragmentation. It appears that the segmented interior, which is hardened steel, may have initially been manufactured as rolled sheet, then bent into a cylinder forming the core, then an iron skin cast onto the cylinder, the casting is thin on the bottom covered only by the lead cup sabot. Fuze hole is left hand threaded for a Britten percussion fuze, the domed fuze was highly advanced at the time, (Jones, Fuzes, Pg 72). Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lbs.
Artillery 3422 Britten shell percussion fuze 3.5in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 117.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.4in., length 6in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lbs. Fired sabot shows 7 lands & grooves, and is intact. Percussion fuze intact. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: 1864 Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia.


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