Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, 4.62 in.
Artillery 3440 Britten 4.62in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Rifled 12 pounder gun, 4.62in. Caliber of the gun is 4.62in., grooves, not determined, projectile diameter should measure 4.52 in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate rifled 12 pounder, 4.62in. Caliber of the gun is 4.62in., grooves, not determined, projectile diameter should measure 4.52 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 3441 Britten bolt 4.62in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with short tapered nose, lead cup sabot, rifled 12 pounder, 4.62 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Projectile measures: diameter 4.53in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 25.1lbs.
Artillery 3441 Britten bolt 4.62in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 143.

A0139...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with short tapered nose, lead cup sabot, rifled 12 pounder, 4.62 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. Projectile measures: diameter 4.53in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 25.1lbs.
Artillery 3441 Britten bolt 4.62in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 143.

Projectile measures: diameter 4.53in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 25.1lbs. Sabot is unfired and intact. Metal is solid, projectile is nondug. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: surplus stocks.


Artillery 3442 Britten shell threaded fuze 4.62in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, threaded for unknown fuze, rifled 12 pounder, 4.62 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. The area around the nose is segmented for maximum fragmentation, the rest of the core is smooth, and rounded bottom is very thin. Fuze hole is left hand threaded, and a significant flange with flat top is positioned on top, presumably to take a large flanged fuze. Projectile measures: diameter 4.55in., length 7.75in. weight 21lbs.
Artillery 3442 Britten shell threaded fuze 4.62in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 144.

A0140...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, threaded for unknown fuze, rifled 12 pounder, 4.62 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. The area around the nose is segmented for maximum fragmentation, the rest of the core is smooth, and rounded bottom is very thin. Fuze hole is left hand threaded, and a significant flange with flat top is positioned on top, presumably to take a large flanged fuze. Projectile measures: diameter 4.55in., length 7.75in. weight 20.2lbs. Sabot is unfired, and intact. Threaded fuze missing. Metal solid, nondug shell. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 144.

A2666...Rifled artillery projectile, Britten design, English manufacture, bursting shell, pattern with short tapered nose segmented interior, lead cup sabot, threaded for unknown fuze, rifled 12 pounder, 4.62 in.
Projectile was manufactured by the English and exported to the American conflict, either side could purchase them, but primary use was southern. The design follows Britten's English patent, employing a lead cup sabot with a counter bulge or large concave teat that extends beyond the bottom. There is a ring around the nose which probably was left from it being clamped to the lathe, American producers tended to use knobs. The area around the nose is segmented for maximum fragmentation, the rest of the core is smooth, and rounded bottom is very thin. Fuze hole is left hand threaded, and a significant flange with flat top is positioned on top, presumably to take a large flanged fuze. Projectile measures: diameter 4.55in., length 7.75in. weight 21lbs.
Artillery 3442 Britten shell threaded fuze 4.62in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 144.

Projectile measures: diameter 4.55in., length 7.75in. weight 21lbs. Sabot is unfired, and intact. Threaded fuze missing. Metal solid, nondug shell. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.


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