Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, 3.67in.
Artillery 3520 Brooke 3.67in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Confederate 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., 5 grooves, (apparently copied from Federal 20 pounder), projectile diameter should measure 3.62 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 3521 shell smooth side Brooke 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. Sides of this pattern are smooth, bourrelet rings were used for the larger calibers but not this pattern. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Sabot is pre-rifled with three lands and grooves. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 14.0lbs.
Artillery 3521 shell smooth side Brooke 3.67in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 130.

A0036...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. Sides of this pattern are smooth, bourrelet rings were used for the larger calibers but not this pattern. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Sabot is pre-rifled with three lands and grooves. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.75in. (excluding fuze), weight not determined. Sabot separated on firing and is missing. Wood fuze is partial, fuze hole is tapered. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bolt hole on the bottom. Recovered: not determined.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 130.

A0650...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. Sides of this pattern are smooth, bourrelet rings were used for the larger calibers but not this pattern. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Sabot is pre-rifled with three lands and grooves. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 14.0lbs.
Artillery 3521 shell smooth side Brooke 3.67in., Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 130.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 14.0lbs. Copper disc ratcheting sabot is fired and partial showing 7 lands and grooves. Wood fuze is missing, fuze hole is tapered. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Joe Johnston's Chattahoochee River lines, defense of Atlanta.


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