Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, 6.4in.
Artillery 3550 Brooke 6.4in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Brooke rifle, 6.4in. Caliber of the gun is 6.4in., 7 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.33in. approximately, variations will be found.
Rifled 32 pounder gun, 6.4in. Caliber of the gun is 6.4in., 7 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.3in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate rifled 32 pounder gun, 6.4in. Caliber of the gun is 6.4in., 5 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.3in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate rifled 32 pounder gun, 6.4in. Caliber of the gun is 6.4in., 10 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.3in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate rifled 32 pounder gun, 6.4in. Caliber of the gun is 6.4in., 13 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.3in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 3551 Brooke bolt mill base sabot 6.4in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, forged iron smooth sides with blunt nose, mill base sabot, Confederate rifle, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. This pattern was an early design, shell was manufactured from rolled or forged steel, later patterns were cast, the rolling seams are clearly visible leaving rough sections. This would produce a harder steel than cast iron, and might have been more effective against the ironclads, however it was probably too labor extensive and expensive to produce, so few were produced. The entire shell is one integral mass, the sabot was milled out of the base. Brooke's later designs employed independent copper sabot systems. Sides were smooth, top has only a slight convex curve, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 9.75in., weight 75lbs.
Artillery 3551 Brooke bolt mill base sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 163.

A0719...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, forged iron smooth sides with blunt nose, mill base sabot, Confederate rifle, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. This pattern was an early design, shell was manufactured from rolled or forged steel, later patterns were cast, the rolling seams are clearly visible leaving rough sections. This would produce a harder steel than cast iron, and might have been more effective against the ironclads, however it was probably too labor extensive and expensive to produce, so few were produced. The entire shell is one integral mass, the sabot was milled out of the base. Brooke's later designs employed independent copper sabot systems. Sides were smooth, top has only a slight convex curve, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 9.75in., weight 75lbs.
Artillery 3551 Brooke bolt mill base sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 163.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 9.75in., weight 75lbs. Heavy milled sabot is intact. Metal solid, the forging or rolling seams are very visible on both sides and the top, these are crude manufacture flaws and not ground damage. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.


Artillery 3552 Brooke bolt bourrelet ring ratchet disc sabot 6.4in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings and blunt nose, ratchet disc sabot, rifled 32 pounder gun 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independently and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 10.25in., with sabot, 9in. without sabot, weight 66lbs.
Artillery 3552 Brooke bolt bourrelet ring ratchet disc sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 167.

A0748...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings and blunt nose, ratchet disc sabot, rifled 32 pounder gun 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independently and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 9in. without sabot, weight not determined. Sabot separated on firing and is missing. Metal is stable, projectile was recovered from wet ground and has been conserved. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 167.

A0840...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings and blunt nose, ratchet disc sabot, rifled 32 pounder gun 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independently and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 10.25in., weight 62lbs. Sabot is fired showing 7 lands and grooves. Metal is stable, projectile was recovered from wet ground and has been conserved. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina. January 1865 attack of USS Dia Ching.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 167.

A0841...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings and blunt nose, ratchet disc sabot, rifled 32 pounder gun 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independently and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Projectile measures: diameter 6.36in., length 9.0in, shell body without sabot, weight 58.8lb. Sabot separated on firing and is missing. Metal is stable, projectile was recovered from wet ground and has been conserved. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina. January 1865 attack of USS Dia Ching.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 167.

A1055...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings and blunt nose, ratchet disc sabot, rifled 32 pounder gun 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independently and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 10.25in., with sabot, weight 66lbs. Sabot is fired showing 7 lands and grooves. Metal is stable, projectile was recovered from wet ground and has been conserved. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina. January 1865 attack of USS Dia Ching.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 167.

A1056...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings and blunt nose, ratchet disc sabot, rifled 32 pounder gun 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independently and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 10.25in., with sabot, 9in. without sabot, weight 66lbs.
Artillery 3552 Brooke bolt bourrelet ring ratchet disc sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 167.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 10.25in., with sabot, weight 66lbs. Sabot is fired showing 7 lands and grooves. Sabot and shell were found together, sabot bolt was thin and was lost in restoration. Metal is stable, projectile was recovered from wet ground and has been conserved. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina. January 1865 attack of USS Dia Ching.


Artillery 3553 Brooke shell bourrelet ring ratchet disc sabot 6.4in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, bourreleted ringed long pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, copper percussion fuze, Confederate Brooke rifle, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 6. 35in., length 13.25in. excluding fuze, weight 67lbs.
Artillery 3553 Brooke shell bourrelet ring ratchet disc sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 174.

A1119...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, bourreleted ringed long pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, copper percussion fuze, Confederate Brooke rifle, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 12in. sabot missing, weight not determined. Sabot separated on firing and is missing. Percussion fuze is missing, threaded copper sleeve is present. Metal is stable, projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: North Carolina defenses.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 174.

A2676...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, bourreleted ringed long pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, copper percussion fuze, Confederate Brooke rifle, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 6. 35in., length 13.25in. excluding fuze, weight 67lbs.
Artillery 3553 Brooke shell bourrelet ring ratchet disc sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 174.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 13.25in. excluding fuze, weight 67lbs. Sabot is fired showing weak lands and grooves. Percussion fuze intact and is removable. Metal is stable, projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Selma, Alabama.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 174.


Artillery 3554 Brooke shell smooth side ratchet ring sabot 6.4in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern , ratchet ring sabot, Confederate watercap fuze, Brooke rifle or rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper ring cast onto the shell body, with ratchet notches to hold it in place. Th e side of the shell was milled, groove at the bottom and starting point at the top gives the appearance of a sleeve, this was done to size the shell as accurately as possible. Fuze employed was a Confederate watercap time fuze, with circular head extending above the flange, flange secured with spanner slots, (Jones Fuzes, pg. 21 . Shell is relatively short, this early design was likely originally intended for the rifled 32 pounders, but that system was quickly abandoned for the heavier 7 inch long guns. Performance was unsatisfactory, the sabot would typically be thrown or base would chip, and development efforts moved to the heavy disc sabot. Projectile measures: diameter 6. 35in., length 12in., weight 58lbs.
Artillery 3554 Brooke shell smooth side ratchet ring sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 175 or 176.

A0660...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern , ratchet ring sabot, Confederate watercap fuze, Brooke rifle or rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper ring cast onto the shell body, with ratchet notches to hold it in place. Th e side of the shell was milled, groove at the bottom and starting point at the top gives the appearance of a sleeve, this was done to size the shell as accurately as possible. Fuze employed was a Confederate watercap time fuze, with circular head extending above the flange, flange secured with spanner slots, (Jones Fuzes, pg. 21 . Shell is relatively short, this early design was likely originally intended for the rifled 32 pounders, but that system was quickly abandoned for the heavier 7 inch long guns. Performance was unsatisfactory, the sabot would typically be thrown or base would chip, and development efforts moved to the heavy disc sabot. Projectile measures: diameter 6. 35in., length 12in., weight 58lbs.
Artillery 3554 Brooke shell smooth side ratchet ring sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 175 or 176.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 12.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 58lbs. Sabot is unfired and intact. Fuze is missing, sleeve for fuze remains. Metal solid, with areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Fort Caswell, North Carolina.


Artillery 3554 Brooke shell smooth side with groove ratchet ring sabot 6.4in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern with grooves, ratchet ring sabot, Confederate watercap fuze, Brooke rifle or rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper ring cast onto the shell body, with ratchet notches to hold it in place. Th e side of the shell was milled, groove at the bottom and starting point at the top gives the appearance of a sleeve, this was done to size the shell as accurately as possible. Fuze employed was a Confederate watercap time fuze, with circular head extending above the flange, flange secured with spanner slots, (Jones Fuzes, pg. 21 . Shell is relatively short, this early design was likely originally intended for the rifled 32 pounders, but that system was quickly abandoned for the heavier 7 inch long guns. Performance was unsatisfactory, the sabot would typically be thrown or base would chip, and development efforts moved to the heavy disc sabot. Projectile measures: diameter 6. 35in., length 12in., weight 58lbs.
Artillery 3554 Brooke shell smooth side with groove ratchet ring sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 175 or 176.

A0737...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern with grooves, ratchet ring sabot, Confederate watercap fuze, Brooke rifle or rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper ring cast onto the shell body, with ratchet notches to hold it in place. The side of the shell was milled, groove at the bottom and starting point at the top gives the appearance of a sleeve, this was done to size the shell as accurately as possible. Fuze employed was a Confederate watercap time fuze, with circular head extending above the flange, flange secured with spanner slots, (Jones Fuzes, pg. 21. Shell is relatively short, this early design was likely originally intended for the rifled 32 pounders, but that system was quickly abandoned for the heavier 7 inch long guns. Performance was unsatisfactory, the sabot would typically be thrown or base would chip, and development efforts moved to the heavy disc sabot. Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 12in., weight not determined. Sabot separated on firing and is missing. Fuze is missing. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Metal is stable, shell has been cut. Projectile is disarmed: cut shell, everything is open. Recovered: Fort Caswell, North Carolina, by Mac Mason.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 175 or 176.

A2649...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern with grooves, ratchet ring sabot, Confederate watercap fuze, Brooke rifle or rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper ring cast onto the shell body, with ratchet notches to hold it in place. Th e side of the shell was milled, groove at the bottom and starting point at the top gives the appearance of a sleeve, this was done to size the shell as accurately as possible. Fuze employed was a Confederate watercap time fuze, with circular head extending above the flange, flange secured with spanner slots, (Jones Fuzes, pg. 21 . Shell is relatively short, this early design was likely originally intended for the rifled 32 pounders, but that system was quickly abandoned for the heavier 7 inch long guns. Performance was unsatisfactory, the sabot would typically be thrown or base would chip, and development efforts moved to the heavy disc sabot. Projectile measures: diameter 6. 35in., length 12in., weight 58lbs.
Artillery 3554 Brooke shell smooth side with groove ratchet ring sabot 6.4in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 175 or 176.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.35in., length 12in., weight 55lbs. Fired sabot is partial, strong example of base chip yet partial sabot remains. Fuze is fully intact. Metal solid, cracks and chips are from firing. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.


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