Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, 7in.
Artillery 3560 Brooke 7in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Brooke rifle, 7in. Caliber of the gun is 7.0in., 7 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.9in. approximately, variations will be found. .


Artillery 3561 Brooke solid bolt mill base sabot 7in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, forged iron smooth sides blunt nose, mill base sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. This pattern was an early design, shell was manufactured from rolled or forged steel, later patterns were cast, the rolling seams are clearly visible leaving rough sections. This would produce a harder steel than cast iron, and might have been more effective against the ironclads, however it was probably too labor extensive and expensive to produce, so few were produced. The entire shell is one integral mass, the sabot was milled out of the base. Brooke's later designs employed independent copper sabot systems. Sides were smooth, top has only a slight convex curve, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Some of these shells are marked "6.94" on the side, which is the diameter, and "S" on the bottom. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9 4in., length 12.5in., weight 120lbs.
Artillery 3561 Brooke solid bolt mill base sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 177.

A1646...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, forged iron smooth sides blunt nose, mill base sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. This pattern was an early design, shell was manufactured from rolled or forged steel, later patterns were cast, the rolling seams are clearly visible leaving rough sections. This would produce a harder steel than cast iron, and might have been more effective against the ironclads, however it was probably too labor extensive and expensive to produce, so few were produced. The entire shell is one integral mass, the sabot was milled out of the base. Brooke's later designs employed independent copper sabot systems. Sides were smooth, top has only a slight convex curve, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Some of these shells are marked "6.94" on the side, which is the diameter, and "S" on the bottom. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9 4in., length 12.5in., weight 120lbs.
Artillery 3561 Brooke solid bolt mill base sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 177.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.94in., length 12.5in., weight 120lbs. Heavy milled sabot is unfired and intact. Metal solid, the forging or rolling seams are very visible on both sides and the top, these are crude manufacture flaws and not ground damage. Marks are very visible on this example. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: James River, Virginia area, near the 1865 battle involving the CSS "Richmond" which after running aground, apparently discharged a number of these heavy shells to lighten up its load to escape the grounding.

A2681...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, forged iron smooth sides blunt nose, mill base sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. This pattern was an early design, shell was manufactured from rolled or forged steel, later patterns were cast, the rolling seams are clearly visible leaving rough sections. This would produce a harder steel than cast iron, and might have been more effective against the ironclads, however it was probably too labor extensive and expensive to produce, so few were produced. The entire shell is one integral mass, the sabot was milled out of the base. Brooke's later designs employed independent copper sabot systems. Sides were smooth, top has only a slight convex curve, this nearly flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. Projectile measures: diameter 6.94in., length 12.5in., weight 120lbs. Heavy milled sabot is unfired and intact. Metal solid, the forging or rolling seams are very visible on both sides and the top, these are crude manufacture flaws and not ground damage. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: James River, Virginia area, near the 1865 battle involving the CSS "Richmond" which after running aground, apparently discharged a number of these heavy shells to lighten up its load to escape the grounding.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 177.


Artillery 3562 Brooke solid bolt disc sabot 7in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings, wide upper ring, and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This short bolt was intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles and used in the Charleston campaign, the upper bourrelet ring is cast wide. Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length 12in., weight 98lbs.
Artillery 3562 Brooke solid bolt disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 179.

A0820. Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings, wide upper ring, and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This short bolt was intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles and used in the Charleston campaign, the upper bourrelet ring is cast wide. Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length 12in., weight 81lbs.(without sabot). Sabot is missing. Metal is stable, projectile was recovered from wet ground and has been conserved. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 179.

A1225...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings, wide upper ring, and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This short bolt was intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles and used in the Charleston campaign, the upper bourrelet ring is cast wide. Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length 12in., weight 98lbs.
Artillery 3562 Brooke solid bolt disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 179.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length 12in., weight 98lbs, shell body is 90lbs, sabot is 8lbs. Sabot is fired showing 10 lands and grooves, sabot was found with the shell, sabot bolt is partial, head did not survive restoration, sabot lifts on and off the shell over the bolt, showing ratchet grooves on both the shell body and the sabot. Metal is stable, projectile was recovered from wet ground and has been conserved. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.


Artillery 3563 Brooke solid bolt disc sabot 7in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings, thin upper ring, and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This short bolt was intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles and used in the Mobile Bay campaign, the upper bourrelet ring is cast narrow. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 11.5in., weight 1 00lbs.
Artillery 3563 Brooke solid bolt disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 180.
A0557...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings, thin upper ring, and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This short bolt was intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles and used in the Mobile Bay campaign, the upper bourrelet ring is cast narrow. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 11.5in., weight not determined. Heavy copper disc sabot is unfired and intact, dings on the bottom of the sabot are foundry marks. Metal solid, some pitting on one side. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Mobile Bay Alabama.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 180.

A0679...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings, thin upper ring, and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This short bolt was intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles and used in the Mobile Bay campaign, the upper bourrelet ring is cast narrow. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 11.5in., weight 1 00lbs.
Artillery 3563 Brooke solid bolt disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 180.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 11.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 97lbs. Heavy copper disc sabot is unfired and intact, dings on the bottom of the sabot are foundry marks. Metal solid, minor pitting only. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Mobile Bay Alabama.

A2590...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings, thin upper ring, and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This short bolt was intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles and used in the Mobile Bay campaign, the upper bourrelet ring is cast narrow. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 11.5in., weight 100lbs. Heavy copper disc sabot is unfired and intact, dings on the bottom of the sabot are foundry marks. Metal solid, some pitting on one side. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Mobile Bay Alabama.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 180.


Artillery 3564 Brooke solid bolt disc sabot 7in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, long pattern with bourrelet rings and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This long bolt was the heaviest of the Confederate bolts and likely intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles. Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length14in., weight 120lbs.
Artillery 3564 Brooke solid bolt disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 182.

A1645...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, long pattern with bourrelet rings and flat nose, ratchet disc sabot, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The top is only slightly rounded, this flat top was designed to deliver maximum impact against the Federal ironclads. This long bolt was the heaviest of the Confederate bolts and likely intended for the new rifled Brooke rifles. Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length14in., weight 120lbs.
Artillery 3564 Brooke solid bolt disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 182.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length14in., weight 120lbs. Heavy copper disc sabot is unfired and intact. Metal solid, some areas of minor pitting. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: James River,Virginia area, near the 1865 battle involving the CSS "Richmond" which after running aground, apparently discharged a number of these heavy shells to lighten up its load to escape the grounding.


Artillery 3565 Brooke shell ratchet ring sabot 7in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern with grooves, ratchet ring sabot, Confederate percussion fuze, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper ring cast onto the shell body, with ratchet notches to hold it in place. Shell is smooth sided and relatively short, this early design was likely originally intended for the rifled 42 pounders, but that system was quickly abandoned for the heavier 7 inch long guns. Performance was unsatisfactory, the sabot would typically be thrown or base would chip, and development efforts moved to the heavy disc sabot. Sides of shell are smooth, appearance of a sleeve depends on the degree of milling near the nose. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 14.5in., weight 95lbs.
Artillery 3565 Brooke shell ratchet ring sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 192.

A1756...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern with grooves, ratchet ring sabot, Confederate percussion fuze, Confederate Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper ring cast onto the shell body, with ratchet notches to hold it in place. Shell is smooth sided and relatively short, this early design was likely originally intended for the rifled 42 pounders, but that system was quickly abandoned for the heavier 7 inch long guns. Performance was unsatisfactory, the sabot would typically be thrown or base would chip, and development efforts moved to the heavy disc sabot. Sides of shell are smooth, appearance of a sleeve depends on the degree of milling near the nose. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 14.5in., weight 95lbs.
Artillery 3565 Brooke shell ratchet ring sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 192.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 14.5in., weight 95lbs. Sabot is fired showing 7 lands & grooves, base is chipped, sabot is partial and shows distortion from firing. Fuze sleeve is present but fuze is missing. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: James River Virginia defenses.


Artillery 3566 Brooke shell disc sabot 7in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, bourreleted ringed long pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, Confederate watercap time fuze, Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Fuze employed was a Confederate Naval watercap time fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 19. Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length 16in., weight 100lbs.
Artillery 3566 Brooke shell disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 188.

A0648...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, bourreleted ringed long pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, Confederate watercap time fuze, Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Fuze employed was a Confederate Naval watercap time fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 19. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 16.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 99lbs. Sabot is unfired. Confederate watercap fuze is missing, sleeve remains. Metal quality is solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: cache found Pee Dee River near Cheraw, SC, site where Confederate gunboat was scuttled.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 188.

A2438...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, bourreleted ringed long pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, Confederate watercap time fuze, Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Fuze employed was a Confederate Naval watercap time fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 19. Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length 16in., weight 100lbs.
Artillery 3566 Brooke shell disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 188.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length 16in., weight 100lbs. Heavy copper disc sabot shows 7 lands and grooves, fired from Brooke rifle. Fuze intact and is removable. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, fuze is removable, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 188.

A2626...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, bourreleted ringed long pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, Confederate watercap time fuze, Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Fuze employed was a Confederate Naval watercap time fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 19. Projectile measures: diameter 6.95in., length 16in., weight 83lbs, no sabot and chip missing from nose. Fired shell has a hammer head jammed into the fuze hole, presumably to make it perform as a bolt. Metal quality is solid with light pitting, shell is spiked, sabot missing. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 188.


Artillery 3567 Brooke shell disc sabot 7in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, copper percussion fuze, Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. Shell is smooth sided and relatively short, this late design was likely originally intended for the rifled 42 pounders. Sides of shell are smooth, appearance of a sleeve depends on the degree of milling near the nose. Sabot is marked "BROOKE" in the bottom. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 13.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 93lbs.
Artillery 3567 Brooke shell disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 186.

A0678...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, smooth sided pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, copper percussion fuze, Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. Shell is smooth sided and relatively short, this late design was likely originally intended for the rifled 42 pounders. Sides of shell are smooth, appearance of a sleeve depends on the degree of milling near the nose. Sabot is marked "BROOKE" in the bottom. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 13.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 93lbs.
Artillery 3567 Brooke shell disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 186.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.9in., length 13.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 93lbs. Sabot is unfired. Fuze was not installed or has been removed. Metal quality is very strong, shell may be nondug. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 186., actual example photographed.


Artillery 3568 Brooke shell disc sabot 7in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, bourreleted ringed very long pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, copper percussion fuze, Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. This is the longest of the Brooke patterns produced. Sabot is marked "BROOKE" in the bottom. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 6.92in., length 21.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 125lbs.
Artillery 3568 Brooke shell disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 190.

A0144...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, bourreleted ringed very long pattern, copper ratchet disc sabot, copper percussion fuze, Brooke rifle, 7in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following John Brooke 's design. The sabot system utilized was a copper disc held in place by ratchet ribs cast into both the heavy sabot and shell body, and secured with a center bolt, a manufacturing innovation allowing the parts made of different metals, copper and iron, to be prepared independent and assembled at the end. This pattern utilized two bourrelet rings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. This is the longest of the Brooke patterns produced. Sabot is marked "BROOKE" in the bottom. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 6.92in., length 21.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 125lbs.
Artillery 3568 Brooke shell disc sabot 7in., Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 190.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.92in., length 21.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 125lbs. Sabot is unfired, sabot bolt is loose and will unscrew. Fuze is original to the shell but is removable. Metal quality is solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: from banks of James River Virginia.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 190., actual example photographed.


Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, Brooke rifle, 7 in. , fragments.

A1498...Rifled artillery projectile, Brooke design, Confederate manufacture, Brooke rifle, 7 in., fragment of sabot.

This section from a Brook sabot has been clearly stamped with a "star". It is believed this may have designated Charleston Arsenal which is where a lot of the Brookes were produced.


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