Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, 3in.
Artillery 3610 Broun 3in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Confederate rifle, 3.in. Caliber of the gun is 3.0in., 7 grooves, (apparently copied from Federal 3 in. Ordnance rifle), projectile diameter should measure 2.94 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 3611 Broun short shell wood fuze 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A0037...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.86in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.3lbs. Fired sabot is partial showing showing 7 lands and grooves. Wood time fuze is missing, hole is long and tapered. Metal quality solid. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty cavity. Recovered: Third Battle of Winchester, Virginia by Eddie See, 1960's.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A0873...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs., not determined. Projectile is marked with "A" on the bourrelet ring, presumably an arsenal mark. Sabot was separated on firing and is missing. Wood time fuze is missing, hole is long and tapered. Metal quality solid. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty cavity. Recovered: Petersburg Richmond Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A0894...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs., not determined. Sabot is unfired and intact. Wood time fuze is missing, hole is long and tapered. Metal quality solid. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty cavity. Recovered: Petersburg Richmond Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A1182...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs., not determined. Projectile is marked with "A" on the bourrelet ring, presumably an arsenal mark. Sabot was fired and shows seven lands and grooves. Wood time fuze is missing, hole is long and tapered. Metal quality solid. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty cavity. Recovered: Petersburg Richmond Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A1348...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs., not determined. Sabot was separated on firing and is missing. Wood time fuze is missing, hole is long and tapered. Metal quality solid. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty cavity. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley Virginia 1864 campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A1399...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs., not determined. Sabot is unfired and intact. Wood time fuze is missing, hole is long and tapered. Metal quality solid. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty cavity. Recovered: Petersburg Richmond Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A1486...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8lbs. High band copper brass sabot shows 7 lands and grooves fired from Confederate rifle, sabot partially separated on firing. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot partial, wood fuze missing. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A1545...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8.5lbs. High band copper brass sabot is un-fired. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot partial, wood fuze intact. projectile disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A1900...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs., not determined. Sabot is unfired and intact. Wood time fuze is missing, hole is long and tapered. Metal quality solid. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty cavity. Recovered: Petersburg Richmond Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2109...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8.5lbs. High band copper brass sabot is un-fired. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot partial, wood fuze intact. projectile disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2139...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8.5lbs. High band copper brass sabot is un-fired. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot partial, wood fuze intact. projectile disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2383...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8.5lbs. High band copper brass sabot shows 7 lands and grooves fired from Confederate rifle, sabot partially separated on firing. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot partial, wood fuze missing. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley 1864 campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2595...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 8.9lbs. High band copper brass sabot shows 7 lands and grooves fired from Confederate rifle, sabot partially separated on firing, small piece remains. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot partial, wood fuze missing. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley 1864 campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2637...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8.6lbs. High band copper brass sabot is un-fired. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot partial, wood fuze missing. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2747...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 7.9lbs. High band copper brass sabot separated on firing. Metal solid with some pitting, sabot missing, wood fuze missing. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2767...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8.1lbs. High band copper brass sabot shows 7 lands and grooves fired from Confederate rifle. Metal solid with pitting, fired sabot fully intact, wood fuze missing. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2865...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 7.5in., weight 8.3lbs., sabot missing. High band separated on firing. Metal is solid, wood fuze is intact, sabot missing. projectile is disarmed by drill hole though paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2873...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 7.4lbs., without sabot. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign. Sabot separated on firing and is missing. Metal is solid with pitting, wood fuze is partial, fired sabot missing. projectile has been cut exposing cross section. Substance inside appears to be some sort of filler and may be dirt. Powder was a scarce commodity late in the war, and it is entirely possible that the powder was removed and the projectile used as a bolt.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.Cut projectile.

A2915...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8.8lbs. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign. Copper band sabot is unfired. Metal is solid, wood fuze is partial, copper band sabot intact, projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A2957...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8.4lbs. High band copper brass sabot shows 7 lands and grooves fired from Confederate rifle. Metal solid with pitting, fired sabot fully intact, wood fuze missing. projectile disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.


Artillery 3612 Broun long shell wood fuze 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, long pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 8.0in., excluding the fuze, weight 9 to 10lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 133.

A0565...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, long pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 8.0in., excluding the fuze, weight 9.4lbs. Sabot is unifired. Wood fuze is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: not detgermuined.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 133.


Artillery 3613 Broun short shell copper time fuze 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, copper time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, Jones pg. 41. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.

A0272...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, short pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, copper time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, Jones pg. 41. Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 7.4in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.9lbs. Fired sabot is partial showing showing 7 lands and grooves. Confederate copper time fuze is intact. Metal quality solid. projectile disarmed, drill hole through paper section of the time fuze (not photographed). Recovered: Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 132.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


Artillery 3614 Broun shell segmented interior 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile with segmented interior, long pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Interior cavity was cast with segmented grooves, an attempt to facilitate better fragmentation. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 134.

A1202...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile with segmented interior, long pattern with single bourrelet ring, copper band sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate rifle, 3in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, utilized a wide bourrelet band at the top, the sabot was slightly larger than the rest of the projectile and served as a second bourrelet, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. Interior cavity was cast with segmented grooves, an attempt to facilitate better fragmentation. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 2.95in., length 7.5in., excluding the fuze, weight 8 to 9lbs., weight not determined. Copper band sabot was separated on firing and is missing. Wood fuze is missing. projectile has been cut exposing the segmented interior. projectile is disarmed, cut projectile exposes interior. Recovered Mississippi campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 134.Cut projectile


Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, fragments

A0200.12...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, fragments
These fragments are from 3 in Broun. Note that the head is very heavy. Broun shells seem to have all been "common" shells, and were fuzed by wood or Confederate copper time fuze. If copper time fuze was used, threading is only partial, it appears that they may have meant to use the small fuze from balls rather than the longer fuze usually used with rifled projectiles. The sabot had a tendency to break on firing, it was made thin enough to expand into the rifling, but the the torque was typically too great. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia 1864 campaign, Third Battle of Winchester and Battle of Cedar Creek, by Harry Ridgeway.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


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