Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, 4.2 in.
Artillery 3630 Broun 4.2in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Confederate 30 pounder rifle, 4.2in. Caliber of the gun is 4.2in., 5 grooves, (apparently copied from Federal 30 opounder), projectile diameter should measure 4.1 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 3631 Broun shell wood fuze 4.2in.

Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, long pattern with smooth sides, copper ring sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate 30 pounder rifle, 4.2 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, is smooth sided,. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12.5in., weight 25lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 198.

A1404...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, long pattern with smooth sides, copper ring sabot, wood time fuze, Confederate 30 pounder rifle, 4.2 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, is smooth sided,. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a wood time fuze, Jones Fuzes pg. 2, fuze hole is smooth and tapered, the simple to make fuze could easily be hammered into place. Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12.5in., weight 25lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 198.

Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12.5in., weight 25lbs. High band brass sabot shows 5 lands & grooves, fired from 30 pounder rifle. Metal solid with some chips around nose and some pitting, sabot is partial, wood fuze intact. projectile disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Mississippi defenses.


Artillery 3632 Broun shell percussion fuze 4.2in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, long pattern with smooth sides, copper ring sabot, copper percussion fuze, Confederate 30 pounder rifle, 4.2 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, is smooth sided,. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 27.3lbs
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 198.

A0167...Rifled artillery projectile, Broun design, Confederate manufacture, bursting projectile, long pattern with smooth sides, copper ring sabot, copper percussion fuze, Confederate 30 pounder rifle, 4.2 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured following William Broun's design. The sabot system utilized was a thin copper band sabot, notched into the base of the projectile. This pattern projectile with a rounded nose, is smooth sided,. A lathe dimple in the base, and a casting sprue on the nose are usually noted. This pattern was produced late in the war as iron was in short supply, recycled material was often used and the metal quality of these projectiles is almost always poor. Fuze employed was a copper percussion fuze, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 52 and sequence. Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 27.3lbs
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 198.

Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 27.3lbs. Fired sabot shows distortion from firing, but is intact, base chip exposes some of the fastening lugs. Copper percussion fuze was jammed into the fuze hole on impact. Metal solid with areas of pitting. projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the side. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 198.


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