Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery

by Harry Ridgeway


Rifled artillery projectile, Eureka design, 3 in.
Artillery 4110 Eureka 3in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Ordnance rifle, 3.0in. Caliber of the gun is 3.0in., 7 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 2.94 in. approximately, variations will be found.

Artillery 4111 Eureka 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Eureka design, brass disc sabot, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
The Eureka shell with unique brass sabot bolted onto the shell. Shell is threaded for a flanged fuze, nose is milled flat. Metal is solid, unfired sabot intact, fuzes were removed and contents emptied when the government released them. Shell measures: diameter 2.96 in., length 8.25 in., weight 8lbs.
Ref: information from John D Bartleson, Jr, CW04, USN/EOD (retired). Manufactured after the Civil War.

A1101...Rifled artillery projectile, Eureka design, brass disc sabot, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
The Eureka shell with unique brass sabot bolted onto the shell. Shell is threaded for a flanged fuze, nose is milled flat. Metal is solid, unfired sabot intact, fuzes were removed and contents emptied when the government released them. Shell measures: diameter 2.96 in., length 8.25 in., weight 8lbs.
Ref: information from John D Bartleson, Jr, CW04, USN/EOD (retired). Manufactured after the Civil War.

A1544...Rifled artillery projectile, Eureka design, brass disc sabot, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
The Eureka shell with unique brass sabot bolted onto the shell. Shell is threaded for a flanged fuze, nose is milled flat. Metal is solid, unfired sabot intact, fuzes were removed and contents emptied when the government released them. Shell measures: diameter 2.96 in., length 8.25 in., weight 8lbs.
Ref: information from John D Bartleson, Jr, CW04, USN/EOD (retired). Manufactured after the Civil War.

A2503...Rifled artillery projectile, Eureka design, brass disc sabot, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
The Eureka shell with unique brass sabot bolted onto the shell. Shell is threaded for a flanged fuze, nose is milled flat. Metal is solid, unfired sabot intact, fuzes were removed and contents emptied when the government released them. Shell measures: diameter 2.96 in., length 8.25 in., weight 8lbs.
Ref: information from John D Bartleson, Jr, CW04, USN/EOD (retired). Manufactured after the Civil War.

A2504...Rifled artillery projectile, Eureka design, brass disc sabot, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
The Eureka shell with unique brass sabot bolted onto the shell. Shell is threaded for a flanged fuze, nose is milled flat. Metal is solid, unfired sabot intact, fuzes were removed and contents emptied when the government released them. Shell measures: diameter 2.96 in., length 8.25 in., weight 8lbs.
Ref: information from John D Bartleson, Jr, CW04, USN/EOD (retired). Manufactured after the Civil War.

A2505...Rifled artillery projectile, Eureka design, brass disc sabot, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
The Eureka shell with unique brass sabot bolted onto the shell. Shell is threaded for a flanged fuze, nose is milled flat. Metal is solid, unfired sabot intact, fuzes were removed and contents emptied when the government released them. Shell measures: diameter 2.96 in., length 8.25 in., weight 8lbs.
Ref: information from John D Bartleson, Jr, CW04, USN/EOD (retired). Manufactured after the Civil War.


Eureka shell, brass disc sabot, with Frankfort percussion fuze, ordnance rifle, 3 in.
The Eureka shell with unique brass sabot bolted onto the shell, was patented by Clarence Arrick in 1875. Charles Stafford first patented a sabot system that used either four screws wedging the brass sabot onto a tapered base through a center hole, or a simple bolt to fasten it to the body. He did this while working for the American Projectile Company. Clarence Arrick, a patent attorney working for American Ordnance Company, copied Stafford's idea and added three studs, 120 degrees around the shell base to prevent rotation of the sabot during spin. In the 1875 patent he reversed the studs and cast them on the sabot with matching slots in the shell base. The Eureka has been misidentified as a 'Stafford, the primary difference in the two shells is that Stafford did not have the anti-rotation studs and the Eureka did. Fuze is Frankfort Arsenal percussion fuze and is marked: "N / FA 95" . Shell measures: diameter 2.96 in., length 8.25 in.
Ref: information from John D Bartleson, Jr, CW04, USN/EOD (retired).

A1916...Eureka shell, brass disc sabot, with Frankfort percussion fuze, ordnance rifle, 3 in.
The Eureka shell with unique brass sabot bolted onto the shell, was patented by Clarence Arrick in 1875. Charles Stafford first patented a sabot system that used either four screws wedging the brass sabot onto a tapered base through a center hole, or a simple bolt to fasten it to the body. He did this while working for the American Projectile Company. Clarence Arrick, a patent attorney working for American Ordnance Company, copied Stafford's idea and added three studs, 120 degrees around the shell base to prevent rotation of the sabot during spin. In the 1875 patent he reversed the studs and cast them on the sabot with matching slots in the shell base. The Eureka has been misidentified as a 'Stafford, the primary difference in the two shells is that Stafford did not have the anti-rotation studs and the Eureka did. Fuze is Frankfort Arsenal percussion fuze and is marked: "N / FA 95". Shell measures: diameter 2.96 in., length 8.25 in. Non-battlefield shell, sabot and fuze intact. Shell disarmed, fuze is removable exposing empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: information from John D Bartleson, Jr, CW04, USN/EOD (retired).


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