Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery

by Harry Ridgeway


Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, 6.4in.
Artillery 4210 Harding 6.4in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Rifled 32 pounder gun, 6.4in. Caliber of the gun is 6.4in., 7 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.3in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate rifled 32 pounder gun, 6.4in. Caliber of the gun is 6.4in., 5 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.3in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate rifled 32 pounder gun, 6.4in. Caliber of the gun is 6.4in., 10 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.3in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate rifled 32 pounder gun, 6.4in. Caliber of the gun is 6.4in., 13 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 6.3in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 4211 Harding bolt 6.4in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, hollow shot bolt, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, a hollow core perhaps to achieve greater velocity in short range engagements, flat nose. The inner core, usually left empty, was plugged with a threaded plug on the bottom. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina, attack of the Dia Ching in January 1865. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.5in., weight 49lbs, approximate (core is hollow).
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 228.

A0805. Harding Hollow shot bolt - CSA Rifled 32 pounder 6.4 in
 Bolt has a hollow core, in order to achieve greater velocity in short range engagements.  Copper sabot missing as typical. Recovered Charleston SC, attack of USS Dia Ching. Diameter 6.3 in., length 11.75in., weight 65lbs. Ref: Bell Heavy Ordnance, pg. 228.

A1033. Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, hollow shot bolt, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, a hollow core perhaps to achieve greater velocity in short range engagements, flat nose. The inner core, usually left empty, was plugged with a threaded plug on the bottom. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina, attack of the Dia Ching in January 1865. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.5in., weight 49lbs, approximate (core is hollow). Sabot is fired, showing 13 lands and grooves and is intact.  Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, cavity is hollow and never held explosive charge. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 228.

A1052...Harding hollow shot bolt, rifled 32 pounder 6.4 in.
Bolt has a hollow core, in order to achieve greater velocity in short range engagements.  Copper sabot intact  shows 13 lands and  grooves, most of these heavy sabots flew off. Recovered Charleston SC, attack of USS Dia Ching. Diameter 6.3 in., length   11.75in. Ref: Bell Heavy Ordnance, pg. 228
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.5in., weight 48lbs.  Copper band sabot shows 13 lands & grooves.  Shell disarmed, inner core was never drilled out or filled with powder.  Projectile is un-treated, and has been stored in water since its recovery.

A1080...Harding hollow shot bolt, rifled 32 pounder 6.4 in.

Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 12in. (excluding fuze), weight 49lbs.

A2175. Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, hollow shot bolt, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
 Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, a hollow core perhaps to achieve greater velocity in short range engagements, flat nose. The inner core, usually left empty, was plugged with a threaded plug on the bottom. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina, attack of the Dia Ching in January 1865. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.5in., weight 49lbs, approximate (core is hollow). Sabot is fired, showing 13 lands and grooves and is intact.  Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, cavity is hollow and never held explosive charge. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 228.


Artillery 4212 Harding shell 6.4in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 51lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A0148...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 50lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 10 lands and grooves and is intact.  Fuze recovered with this shell shows raised section of the Girardey fuze, and is loose. Projectile recovered from dry ground. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A0572...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 37lbs.  Sabot was separated on firing, wood fuze is partial.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A0573...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in. 
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 40.5lbs.  Sabot was separated on firing, wood fuze is partial.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A0575...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in. 
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 44.7lbs.  Sabot was separated on firing, wood fuze is partial.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A0633...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 47lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 7 lands and grooves and is intact.  Girardy wood fuze is missing. Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, fuze hole is open. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A0634...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 45lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 10 lands and grooves and is intact.  Fuze recovered with this shell shows raised section of the Girardey fuze, and is loose. Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A0756...Harding shell, Giradey fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in with sabot

Projectile measures: diameter in., length 11.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 49lbs.

A0758...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 41.7lbs.  Sabot separated on firing.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A0764...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 40lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 10 lands and grooves and is intact.  Girardy wood fuze is missing. Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, fuze hole is open. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A0765...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Cast for a wooden fuze which is missing.  Copper sabot partial for this shell Recovered: Charleston SC, only known site for this pattern. Diameter 6.3in, length 11in Ref: Bell Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230 $800.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in. length 12in., weight 41.4lbs, partial sabot.  Copper band sabot is fired showing 10 lands and grooves, partial separation from firing.  Shell disarmed, drill hole through paper section of wood time fuze.  Projectile is un-restored and has been stored in water since its recovery. 

A0796. Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 41lbs.  Sabot separated on firing, wood fuze is partial.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.  Ref: Bell Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A0797...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 47.1lbs.  Sabot separated on firing.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A0798...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 46.7lbs.  Sabot separated on firing.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A0808...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
 Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 43.4lbs.  Sabot intact, showing 7 lands & grooves, wood fuze is partial.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A0809...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 40lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 7 lands and grooves and is intact.  Fuze recovered with this shell is partial, large part is intact. Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the open section of the wood fuze. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A0810...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
 Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 48.7lbs.  Sabot intact, shows 10 lands and grooves.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A0811...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 44.6lbs.  Sabot intact, shows 7 lands & grooves, area of distortion from firing, wood fuze is partial.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.  Ref: Bell Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A0812...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 49lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 10 lands and grooves and is intact.  Fuze is remnant. Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A1076...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 47.7lbs. Sabot intact, showing 7 lands & grooves, wood fuze is partial. Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A1081...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 51lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 7 lands and grooves and is intact.  Fuze is missing. Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A1084...Harding shell, Giradey fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in with sabot

Projectile measures: diameter in., length in. (excluding fuze), weight 45lbs.

A1085...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 29lbs. Sabot intact, showing 13 lands & grooves, this is rare rifling pattern seen in this caliber. Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.. Projectile is very light.

A1089...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 42lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 10 lands and grooves and is intact.  Fuze is partial. Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the open section of the fuze. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A1113...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 51.8lbs.  Sabot intact, shows 7 lands and grooves.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze.  Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A1114...Harding shell, brass band sabot, wood fuze, rifled 32 pounder 6.4in.
Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11.75in., weight 33lbs.  Sabot separated on firing, wood fuze is partial.  Shell disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Projectile is not restored, it has been stored in water since it was dug.  Recovered: Charleston., South Carolina.

A1120...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 42lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 10 lands and grooves and is intact.  Fuze is missing Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.

A2263...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, Girardey wood percussion fuze, copper ring sabot, Confederate rifled 32 pounder, 6.4in.
 Projectile is Confederate manufacture, apparently following the design of "Harding", although at this point we really do not know who this designer was. The Harding sabot is very similar to the Federal Parrott sabots, it is a copper ring cast onto the shell and secured by notches. Shells are short and appear to have been manufactured for use in 32 pounder smoothbores, reconditioned and banded with rifling. Bolt has smooth sides, pointed nose. Fuze employed was a wood sleeved Girardey percussion fuze, Jones pg. 66, usually only the wood sleeve is recovered. All recoveries have been from Charleston, South Carolina. Projectile measures: diameter 6.3in., length 11in., weight 42lbs. Sabot is fired, showing 10 lands and grooves and is intact.  Fuze is missing. Projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole is open exposing the empty interior. Recovered: Charleston South Carolina, bombardment of Long Island.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 230.


Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, 6.4in., fragments.

A1123...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, 6.4in.,fragment of base
fragment of base, showing fired sabot and bottom. Recovered: Charleston SC, only known site for this pattern.

A3132...Rifled artillery projectile, Harding design, 6.4in.,ground burst.
All of these fragments were found in one hole on Long Island, Charleston SC. This was Federal battery, the seige lasted for a couple of months, neither side gained an advantage and eventually the seige was ended more or less with a draw. Long Island, a local name, has been the subject of several development efforts over the years, at this point there is only one significant dug battery embankment, and it is substantial, at least 15 feet in height. On the back side there is a lesser bank, about 5 feet in height. This ground burst was found in the rear embankment, which means it was a near miss. It burrowed into the ground and exploded. Most of the overshoots would easily clear the rear embankment, and land in the marsh behind the fort, this one did not. The frags burrowed about six feet into the ground, and all of these frags came out of that hole. There is about 75 pounds of frags, a complete Harding is around 50 pounds, there are at least three distinct bases found, so there are frags from at least three different shells. I have run the frags through electrolysis but not attempted to put them together. I can account for enough frags to round out the nose, and the base with the sabot is whole. Several of the pieces seem to fit the base and there is one small fragment that seems to join the top and the bottom. There are enough frags to make up more of the middle, but I have not attempted to complete the puzzle.


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