Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery

by Harry Ridgeway


Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, 3.4in.
Artillery 4330 Hotchkiss 3.4in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Rifled boat howitzer, 3.4in. Caliber of the gun is 3.4in.,tbd grooves, projectile diameter should measure 3.38 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 4331 Hotchkiss bolt flat bottom 3.4in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with no flame grooves pointed nose, flat bottom, lead band sabot, Navy rifled boat howitzer, 3.4in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Andrew Hotchkiss. The pattern consisted of three parts, a nose section containing the explosive charge, a cast iron cup fitted on the bottom, and lead band sabot cast around the middle, on firing the cup would compress the lead band sabot expanding it into the rifling. Shell is solid casting, or "bolt" and was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment. This pattern was designed for the Navy, to be used on boat howitzer, which was a small gun positioned on the bow. Nose is pointed, base is flat, and sabot was fitted leaving significant gap at both the top and the bottom. Projectile measures: diameter 3.35in., length 7.25in. unfired sabot, weight 12lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 395.

A0116...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.34in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 10.7lbs., sabot missing. Lead band sabot separated on firing. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered White Horse Landing, Virginia.

A2910...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.35in., length 7.25in. unfired sabot, weight 12.1lbs. Lead band sabot is un-fired. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: surplus stocks.


Artillery 4332 Hotchkiss shell percussion fuze 3.4in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Hotchkiss design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, pattern without flame grooves, "common" (standard) , lead band sabot, Hotchkiss percussion fuze , Navy rifled boat howitzer, 3.4in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Andrew Hotchkiss. The pattern consisted of three parts, a nose section containing the explosive charge, a cast iron cup fitted on the bottom, and lead band sabot cast around the middle, on firing the cup would compress the lead band sabot expanding it into the rifling. Some of these shells were configured as case shot , filled with balls, or as "common", without balls. This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. This pattern was designed for the Navy, to be used on boat howitzer, which was a small gun positioned on the bow. The nose section contains an open cavity for the explosive charge only, without a separator bolt. Nose section contains a plugged hole centered on the bottom, presumably this hole was used to secure the core on casting, then a plug was installed to seal the bottom. Shell does not have flame grooves, these were not needed when a percussion fuze was used. Fuze employed was a Hotchkiss percussion fuze, cap secured by a single slot tightening groove, with flange, Jones pg 94. Projectile measures: diameter 3.3in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 396.

A0315...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.3in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lbs. Lead band sabot is un-fired, and intact. Hotchkiss brass percussion fuze is intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side and the bottom. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.

A1640...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.3in., length 7.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.5lbs. Lead band sabot is un-fired, and intact. Hotchkiss brass percussion fuze is intact and is removable. Projectile is disarmed, removable fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.


and now a word from our sponsor.....

Civil War Relicman, Harry Ridgeway,
Civil War artillery, Relicman sales catalog.
Click here for artillery for sale.

artillery sales catalog.