|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
|by Harry Ridgeway|
|A1562...Rifled artillery projectile, James design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, open base with slots, lead and tin sleeve sabot, rifled 6 pounder rifle, 3.67in. |
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Charles James. The pattern utilized a hollow caged cavity (called a "birdcage") covered by a thin sleeve of lead , tin , and canvass, the thin sabot would expand into the rifling, and then be discharged after the projectile left the bore. This meant that there always be flying metal debris which could be a problem for forward troops . eight small holes were drilled into the base, these are thought to have been vent holes, however they are often lead filled. Shell is solid casting, or "bolt" and was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment . This shell was manufactured for the rifled 6 pounder, and is unusual, most shells of this type were made for the larger James 3.8in. caliber. Projectile measures: diameter 3.65in., length 6.5in. weight 11lbs., with sabot. Sleeve sabot un-fired. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Vicksburg, Mississippi, campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 187.
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