|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
|by Harry Ridgeway|
|A2940 James, "hot shot", open base with slots, lead and tin sleeve sabot, 12 pounder rifle, 4.62in. |
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Charles James. This was intended to fire a "hot shot" or heated round, the iron base was designed to keep the hot ball separated from the powder, presumably the heated ball would cause more damage at the target. Top of the base is rounded to seat a round ball. This caliber is unusual, it is not sure if this was intended for a "rifled" 12 pounder or if this was to be fired from a conventional 12 pounder smooth bore, either way it apparently did not work very well and production was limited to a few test rounds. Shell without ball measures: diameter 4.25in., length 3.125in., weight 7.4lb. Fired shell, sleeve sabot and ball separated on firing, ball in the picture is for illustration only, it was not used with this base. Metal solid with some pitting. Recovered: Shiloh, Tennessee.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 191, 3.8in diameter this is 12 pounder.
|A0153...Rifled artillery projectile, James design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), open base with slots, lead and tin sleeve sabot, James percussion fuze, rifled heavy 12 pounder gun 4.62in. |
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Charles James. The pattern utilized a hollow caged cavity (called a "birdcage") covered by a thin sleeve of lead, tin, and canvass, the thin sabot would expand into the rifling, and then be discharged after the projectile left the bore. This meant that there would always be flying metal debris from the sabot, which could be a problem for forward troops. Four small holes were drilled into the base, these are thought to have been vent holes, however they are often lead filled. Shell is common shot (does not contain balls) and with percussion fuze was was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment. Fuze employed was the James brass anvil percussion fuze, "West Point" two part fuze, Jones pg. 30. This was an early development for a rifled heavy 12 pounder gun, efforts to develop this weapon system were abandoned early on. Projectile measures: diameter 4.53in., length 8.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 21.7lbs. Lead sleeve sabot un-fired. Brass safety pin clearly shows on side. West Point percussion fuze missing, slider for percussion fuze was recovered, it was shoved into the throat. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Shiloh, Tennessee.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 258., actual example published.
|Civil War Relicman,
Civil War artillery, Relicman sales catalog.
Click here for artillery for sale.
artillery sales catalog.