|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
|by Harry Ridgeway|
|A0152...Rifled artillery projectile, James design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, open base with slots, lead and tin sleeve sabot, James percussion fuze, rifled 24 pounder, 5.8in. |
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Charles James. The pattern utilized a hollow caged cavity (called a "birdcage") covered by a thin sleeve of lead, tin, and canvass, the thin sabot would expand into the rifling, and then be discharged after the projectile left the bore. This meant that there always be flying metal debris which could be a problem for forward troops . Four small holes were drilled into the base, these are thought to have been vent holes, however they are often lead filled. Shell is common shot (does not contain balls) and with percussion fuze was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment . Fuze employed was the James brass anvil percussion fuze, "West Point" two part fuze, Jones pg. 30 . Projectile measures: diameter 5.75in., length 11in. weight 40.1lbs., with sabot. Sleeve sabot un-fired. West Point percussion fuze is partial, top cap is missing, but nipple and slider are exposed. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 259., actual example photographed.
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