Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, James design Confederate adaptation, 3.3in.
Artillery 4580 James Confederate 3.3in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Confederate rifle, 3.25.in., to 3.4in. Intended caliber or calibers are uncertain, this range of sizes describes Confederate cannons larger than 3in. and smaller than 3.5in. These rifles may have been the result of Confederate developmental attempts to modify six pounder smoothbores to add rifling. The variation in sizes may be explained as various designs and sizes were modified to add sleeves or cut grooves or some combination of both. None of these designs appear to have been successful, groove count seems to vary, most projectiles in this size range are either unfired or the sabots failed to take the rifling. Projectile diameter should measure .1in. to .15in.smaller than the bore, many variations will be found.


Artillery 4581 James Confederate bolt pointed nose 3.3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, James design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture solid bolt, long pointed nose, open base with slots, lead sleeve sabot, Confederate rifle, 3.3in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Confederate arsenals adapting some design features from the Federal patterns of James. The Confederate pattern was proportionately longer and more narrow. The design was not successful, few were produced, and the top completely separated from the bottom on all battlefield fired examples recovered. This may be the only known example recorded, although there are likely to be others, an example with rounded nose is shown in D&G book, this pattern is much more pointed. Projectile measures: diameter and length not meaningful, weight 7lbs, nose section only.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 183.

A2942...Rifled artillery projectile, James design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture solid bolt, long pointed nose, open base with slots, lead sleeve sabot, Confederate rifle, 3.3in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Confederate arsenals adapting some design features from the Federal patterns of James. The Confederate pattern was proportionately longer and more narrow. The design was not successful, few were produced, and the top completely separated from the bottom on all battlefield fired examples recovered. This may be the only known example recorded, although there are likely to be others, an example with rounded nose is shown in D&G book, this pattern is much more pointed. Projectile measures: diameter and length not meaningful, weight 7lbs, nose section only. Nose section only, bottom separated on firing. Shell is disarmed, solid casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Port Hudson, not confirmed.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 183.


Artillery 4582 James Confederate bolt rounded nose 3.3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, James design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture solid bolt,, long rounded nose, open base with slots, lead sleeve sabot, Confederate rifle, 3.3in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Confederate arsenals adapting some design features from the Federal patterns designed by Charles James. The Confederate pattern was proportionately longer and more narrow. The design was not successful, few were produced, and the top completely separated from the bottom on all battlefield fired examples recovered. Projectile measures: diameter and length not meaningful, weight 7lbs, nose section only.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 183.

A0429...Rifled artillery projectile, James design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture solid bolt,, long rounded nose, open base with slots, lead sleeve sabot, Confederate rifle, 3.3in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Confederate arsenals adapting some design features from the Federal patterns designed by Charles James. The Confederate pattern was proportionately longer and more narrow. The design was not successful, few were produced, and the top completely separated from the bottom on all battlefield fired examples recovered. Projectile measures: diameter and length not meaningful, weight 7lbs, nose section only. Nose section only, bottom separated on firing. Shell is disarmed, solid casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Corinth Mississippi.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 183.


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