Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, wrought iron sabot, 3.67in.
Artillery 4640 Parrott wrought iron sabot 3.67in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., 5 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 3.62 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 4641 Parrott bolt, flat top, iron sabot 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with flat top, wrought iron sabot, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, referred to as the "Type I" sabot, rifling was precast with five flanges, because it was too stiff to take the rifling otherwise. Shell is solid casting, or "bolt" and was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment, use of this light bolt had limited applicability and is relatively scarce in the smaller calibers. Nose of this pattern is slightly tapered, top is flat, Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 8.0in., weight 19lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 218.

A1868...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.66in., length 8.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 18.6lb. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Metal solid, wrought iron sabot intact. Shell is disarmed, solid iron casting, no cavity. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.


Artillery 4642 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", iron sabot, West Point percussion fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), wrought iron sabot, Parrott percussion fuze West Point Style, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, referred to as the "Type I" sabot, rifling was precast with five flanges, because it was too stiff to take the rifling otherwise. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze, (Jones pg. 79), edge of the fuze hole is milled thin. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 219.

A1587...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.66in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.4lb. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Percussion fuze fully intact. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2088...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Percussion fuze fully intact. Metal is solid with some pitting. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2093...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 14.9lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Percussion fuze is partial. Metal is solid with some pitting. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2094...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Percussion fuze is partial. Metal is solid with some pitting. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2311...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15.7lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Percussion fuze is partial. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2342...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Percussion fuze is partial. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the fuze. Recovered: Mayre's Height, Fredericksburg, Virginia.

A2394...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.9lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Percussion fuze is fully intact. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the side. Recovered: not known.


Artillery 4643 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", iron sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), wrought iron sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, referred to as the "Type I" sabot, rifling was precast with five flanges, because it was too stiff to take the rifling otherwise. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", (Jones pg. 98 or 99)., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25 in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 219.

A1591...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 15.8lb. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Schenkl percussion fuze fully intact. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.


Artillery 4644 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", iron sabot, Parrott time fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), wrought iron sabot, Parrott time fuze without flange, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, referred to as the "Type I" sabot, rifling was precast with five flanges, because it was too stiff to take the rifling otherwise. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a time fuze it was designed to be used against troops in the open field or enemy cannon. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc time fuze, typically the pattern without a flange, (Jones, Fuzes, pg. 76), edge of the fuze hole is milled thin. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 219.

A0487...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15.7lb. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze fully intact. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Edwards Island, Balls Bluff action of October 21, 1861.

A2905...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15.6lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, ding on one side of nose is probably from impact on firing. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg Virginia campaign.


Artillery 4645 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", iron sabot, Hotchkiss time fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), wrought iron sabot, Hotchkiss time fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, referred to as the "Type I" sabot, rifling was precast with five flanges, because it was too stiff to take the rifling otherwise. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a time fuze it was designed to be used against troops in the open field or enemy cannon. Fuze employed was a Hotchkiss brass time fuze, with slots and a flange, Jones pg. 87. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 219.

A0066...


Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 15.8lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast lands and grooves. Hotchkiss time fuze is intact. Metal solid with areas of pitting. Shell disarmed, drill hole through paper section of time fuze. Recovered: Vicksburg, Mississippi.


Artillery 4646 Parrott shell, short pattern "case shot", iron sabot, Parrott time fuze without flange 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern "case shot" lead balls packed in sulfur matrix, wrought iron sabot, Parrott time fuze without a flange, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, referred to as the "Type I" sabot, rifling was precast with five flanges, because it was too stiff to take the rifling otherwise. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls, and with a time fuze was designed to detonate above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead case shot balls are packed in yellow or sulfur matrix. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc time fuze, typically the pattern without a flange, (Jones, Fuzes, pg. 76), edge of the fuze hole is milled thin. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 17.5lbs to 19lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 219.

A1873...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 18lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is partial. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2086...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 17.5lbs to 19lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is partial. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by open fuze hole exposing the empty cavity. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2087...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 18lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, shell cut to expose sulfur matrix with case shot balls. The powder chamber is way off center in this example. Shell is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana. Cut shell shows cross section.


Artillery 4647 Parrott shell, short pattern "case shot", iron sabot, Parrott time fuze with flange 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern "case shot" balls packed in sulfur matrix, wrought iron sabot, Parrott time fuze with a flange, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the prewar invention of Robert Parrott and John Read working together. The sabot system utilized was a wrought iron ring, referred to as the "Type I" sabot, rifling was precast with five flanges, because it was too stiff to take the rifling otherwise. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls, and with a time fuze was designed to detonate above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead case shot balls are packed in yellow or sulfur matrix. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc time fuze, typically the pattern with a flat flange, (Jones pg. 77)., top of the fuze hole is milled wide to seat the flange. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 17.5lbs to 19lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 219.

A0067...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 13lbs. (empty). Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is replacement but is correct style and can be removed by hand, "W" marking is clear. Metal strong, the shell contained about 20 lead balls all of which are original to this shell and were removed through the fuze hole during restoration. Shell is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Virginia campaign.

A1583...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 17.6lb. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2084...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 18lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is partial. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2085...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 18lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott flanged time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, shell is cut exposing the interior with sulfur matrix and case shot balls. The powder chamber is way off center in this example. Shell is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana. Cut shell shows cross section.

A2370...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 17.9lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is partial. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2779...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 19lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott time fuze is partial. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the fuze. Recovered: not known.

A2887...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), weight approx 19lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott flanged time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, shell is cut exposing the interior with sulfur matrix and case shot balls. Shell is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: Virginia campaign. Cut shell shows cross section.

A2969...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.25 in. (excluding fuze), 19lbs. Wrought iron sabot shows five precast rifled lands and grooves. Parrott flanged time fuze marked "W" can be removed by hand. Metal is solid. Shell is disarmed, removable fuze exposes interior filled with case shot balls in sulfur matrix. Recovered: Fishers Hill, Virginia.


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