Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, high band brass ring sabot, 3.67in.
Artillery 4650 Parrott high band sabot 3.67in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., 5 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 3.62 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 4651 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", brass band sabot, Parrott improved one part percussion fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), high band brass ring sabot, Parrott "improved one part" percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a thin wide brass band secured to the base with rabbets, referred to as "type II", more flexible than the earlier wrought iron design. However performance was poor, the thin soft brass sabot either failed to take the rifling or had a tendency to separate on firing, resulting in shards of brass flying into the backs of the forward infantry. Use in smaller caliber ordnance was generally abandoned in favor of the thicker type III narrow band sabot. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc "improved" one part design, with a flange, (Jones, Fuzes, pg. 81), edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17.6lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), not listed, sabot style shown for 30 pounder Bell pg. 278.

A2708...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17.6lbs. High band brass sabot fired showing five lands and grooves, fired from Parrott rifle. Improved one part percussion fuze intact. Metal quality, solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Carolina Beach, North Carolina.


Artillery 4652 Parrott shell, brass band sabot, threaded fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), high band brass ring sabot, Parrott "improved one part" percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a thin wide brass band secured to the base with rabbets, referred to as "type II", more flexible than the earlier wrought iron design. However performance was poor, the thin soft brass sabot either failed to take the rifling or had a tendency to separate on firing, resulting in shards of brass flying into the backs of the forward infantry. Use in smaller caliber ordnance was generally abandoned in favor of the thicker type III narrow band sabot. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc "improved" one part design, with a flange, (Jones, Fuzes, pg. 81), edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), not listed, sabot style shown for 30 pounder Bell pg. 278.

A1095...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.7lbs. High band sabot is not fired. Threaded for fuze, missing. Metal quality, solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.

A2124...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.7lbs. High band sabot is not fired. Threaded for fuze, missing. Metal quality, solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.

A2519...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.7lbs. High band sabot is not fired. Threaded for fuze, missing. Metal quality, solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.


Artillery 4653 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", brass band sawtooth sabot, West Point percussion fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), high band sawtooth brass ring sabot, Parrott percussion fuze West Point Style, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was an early development of the high band sabot, this pattern with the triangular or saw-tooth shaped edge is now determined to be a prototype preceding the high band Type II Parrott sabot, it was apparently tested briefly and abandoned. All projectiles of this sabot type are "common" shell, (standard), not containing balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze, Jones pg. 79, fuze hole will have a thin milled lip. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.66in., length 10.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 18lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), not listed, sabot style shown for 30 pounder Bell pg. 283.

A0072...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.66in., length 10.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 18lbs. Fired sabot intact showing 5 lands and grooves. Parrott percussion fuze is jammed inside the throat. Metal quality strong. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: battlefield or test range not known, rare shell.


Artillery 4654 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", brass band scalloped sabot, West Point percussion fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), high band scalloped or corrugated brass ring sabot, Parrott percussion fuze West Point Style, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was an early development of the high band sabot, this pattern with the scalloped or corrugated shaped edge is now determined to be a prototype preceding the high band Type II Parrott sabot, it was apparently tested briefly and abandoned. All projectiles of this sabot type are "common" shell, (standard), not containing balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze, Jones pg. 79, fuze hole will have a thin milled lip. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 3.65in., length 10.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.6lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 227.

A0300...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.65in., length 10.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.6lbs. Fired sabot intact showing 5 lands and grooves. Parrott percussion fuze is partial. Metal quality strong, with areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: battlefield or test range not known, rare shell.


Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, high band brass ring sabot, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in., fragments

A2407...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, high band brass ring sabot, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in., brass sabot.
High band Parrott sabot from 20 pounder, 8 notches, unfired (Type II). Recovered from North Carolina shipwreck, cargo was being transported after the Civil War to South America or Mexico, some of these shells were recovered but iron was completely rotten only thing left were these sabots. High band sabot is quite rare for 20 pounders. Diameter 3.65 in.


and now a word from our sponsor.....

Civil War Relicman, Harry Ridgeway,
Civil War artillery, Relicman sales catalog.
Click here for artillery for sale.

artillery sales catalog.