Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, narrow ring brass sabot, 3.67in.
Artillery 4660 Parrott narrow ring brass sabot 3.67in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., 5 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 3.62 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 4661 Parrott bolt, flat top, brass ring sabot 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, "flat top" pattern, narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Shell is solid casting, or "bolt" and was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment, use of this light bolt had limited applicability and is relatively scarce in the smaller calibers. Nose of this pattern is blunt, top is nearly flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.0in., weight 19lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 229.

A0073...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.0in., weight 19lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Vicksburg, Mississippi.

A0806...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 8in. (excluding fuze), weight 19lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves. Metal is stable, projectile recovered from wet ground and has been treated. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Secessionville, near Charleston, South Carolina.

A1869...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 7.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 19.4lb. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Secessionville, near Charleston, South Carolina.


Artillery 4662 Parrott bolt, chill nose, brass ring sabot 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, "chill nose" pattern, narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Shell is solid casting, or "bolt" and was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment, use of this light bolt had limited applicability and is relatively scarce in the smaller calibers. The blunt nose of this bolt was hardened by "chilling", a process of rapid cooling after casting, and was tapered to a smaller diameter in order to concentrate the force on impact. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base. Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19 lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 230.

A1130...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.66in., length 8.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 19.8lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, and is intact. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana, by Emile Mancuso.

A1870...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19 lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, and is intact. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2075...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19 lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, and is intact. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2076...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19 lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, and is intact. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2077...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19 lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, and is intact. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2078...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19 lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, and is intact. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2079...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19 lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, and is intact. Metal strong, areas of heavy pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2080...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19 lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, significant base chip. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2081...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight not determined. Sabot separated on firing and is missing. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2169...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19 lbs. Sabot is not fired, and is intact. Metal strong, areas of light pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2745...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62 in., length 8.75 in., weight 19.3 lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, and is intact. Metal strong, areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.


Artillery 4663 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", brass ring sabot, Parrott improved one part percussion fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott "improved one part" percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc "improved" one part design, with a flange, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 81, edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 232.

A1874...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 10.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 17.0lb. Sabot shows 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Percussion fuze may have been cut, exposing the slider with nipple inside. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the side. Recovered: not known.

A2160...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 17lbs. Sabot shows 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Percussion fuze is partial. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: not known.

A2123...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.5lbs., empty without fuze. Sabot is not fired and is intact. Percussion fuze is missing. Metal is solid. Projectile is disarmed: open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.

A2500...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16lbs. Sabot shows 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Percussion fuze is partial. Metal is solid, with areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the center of the fuze3. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.

A2895...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.1lbs. Sabot shows 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Percussion fuze is partial. Metal is solid, with areas of minor pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the center of the fuze. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.

A3031...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16lbs. Brass sabot shows 5 lands and grooves. Zinc fuze is partial. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the open area of the fuze. Recovered: not known.


Artillery 4664 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", brass ring sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), narrow ring brass sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 232.

A1872...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs. Sabot is not fired and is intact. Percussion fuze is fully intact. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the side. Recovered: not known.

A2709...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs. Sabot is not fired and is intact. Percussion fuze is fully intact. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the side. Recovered: Carolina Beach, North Carolina.


Artillery 4665 Parrott shell, long pattern "common", brass ring sabot, Parrott watercap time fuze 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell,long pattern "common" (standard), narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott zinc watercap time fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc watercap time fuze with brass watercap screwed inside, edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 15lbs. to 17lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 232.

A1491...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 10.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16lbs.Sabot is not fired and is intact. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Percussion fuze is fully intact. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the side. Recovered: Potomac Creek, Virginia.


Artillery 4666 Parrott shell, short pattern "case shot", brass ring sabot, Parrott time fuze with flange 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern "case shot", narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott time fuze with a flange, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls, and with a time fuze was designed to detonate above the heads of troops in the open field. Fuze employed was a a Parrott zinc time fuze, typically the pattern with a long stem and flat top with a flange, an innovation to prevent gas leaks around the fuze causing premature detonations, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 77 upper right, edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 17.5lbs to 19lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 231.

A1876...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.62in., length 9.375in. (excluding fuze), weight 19.1lb. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through paper section of time fuze. Recovered: not known.

A2610...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 16.1lbs., based on weight it appears this "case shot" was not loaded with balls! Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through paper section of time fuze. Recovered: North Carolina defenses.


Artillery 4667 Parrott shell, short pattern "case shot", brass ring sabot, asphalt matrix, Parrott time fuze with flange 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern "case shot", with lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott time fuze with a flange, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is "case shot", explosive charge with lead balls, and with a time fuze was designed to detonate above the heads of troops in the open field. The lead balls are rough cast around .69 cal, packed in black asphalt matrix near the top of the shell, powder packed in a long channel which expands near the bottom, on detonation the concentrated powder at the bottom was designed to burn the matrix and propel the balls and fragments forward. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc time fuze, typically the pattern with a long stem and flat top with a flange, an innovation to prevent gas leaks around the fuze causing premature detonations, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 77 upper right, edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 17.5lbs to 19lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 231.

A2095...

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 19lbs. Cut shell, shows cross section, note fuze hole has no flanges, powder cavity is centered, top of fuze hole is milled flat, and there are significant casting flaws in the base. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, with areas of minor pitting. Projectile is disarmed: cut shell, everything is exposed. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana. Cut shell shows cross section.

A2468...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 18.5lbs. Sabot is not fired and is intact. Time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: cut shell, everything is exposed. Recovered: not known. Cut shell shows cross section.

A2585...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 17.9lbs. Cut shell, shows cross section, note fuze hole has no flanges, powder cavity is badly off center, top of fuze hole is milled flat, and there are significant casting flaws in the base. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves and is intact. Time fuze is partial. Metal is solid, with areas of minor pitting. Projectile is disarmed: cut shell, everything is exposed. Recovered: north Georgia campaign. Cut shell shows cross section.

A3033...
Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 18.5lbs to 19lbs. Projectile is fired, low band sabot seperated on firing. Shell is cut shows case shot balls packed in black asphalt. Note that the balls melted during firing and became pressed flat against the bottom, this left a void in the top under the fuze which is why it failed to detonate. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: not determined. Cut shell shows cross section.


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