Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, narrow ring sabot, 4.2in.
Artillery 4690 Parrott narrow ring brass sabot 4.2in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used
Parrott 30 pounder rifle, 4.2in.
Caliber of the gun is 4.2in., 5 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 4.1 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 4691 Parrott bolt, flat top, brass ring sabot, 4.2in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, "flat top" pattern, narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott 30 pounder rifle, 4.2in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Shell is solid casting, or "bolt" and was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment. Nose of this pattern is slightly tapered, top is flat, Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 4.15in., length 9.5in., weight 30lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 275.

A2702...

Projectile measures: diameter 4.15in., length 9.5in., weight 30lbs. Low band brass sabot shows five land and grooves, fired from a Parrott rifle. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: not known.


Artillery 4692 Parrott bolt, chill nose, brass ring sabot 4.2in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, "chill nose", narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott 30 pounder rifle, 4.2in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Shell is solid casting, or "bolt" and was designed to be used against opposing cannon by striking the equipment. The blunt nose of this bolt was hardened by "chilling", a process of rapid cooling after casting, and was tapered to a smaller diameter in order to concentrate the force on impact. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 10in., weight 30lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 276.

A1878...
Projectile measures: diameter 4.13in., length 10.0in. (excluding fuze), weight 29.2lb. Low band brass sabot shows five lands and grooves, fired from a Parrott rifle. Metal solid, with some areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Mobile Bay, Alabama.

A2376...
Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 10in., weight 30lbs. Low band brass sabot is not fired. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Mobile Bay, Alabama.

A2581...
Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 10in., weight 30lbs. Low band brass sabot is not fired. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: North Carolina defenses.

A2778...

Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 10in., weight 30lbs. Low band brass sabot shows five lands and grooves, fired from a Parrott rifle. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: not known.


Artillery 4693 Parrott shell, long pattern, narrow ring sabot, West Point percussion fuze, 4.2in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott percussion fuze West Point Style, Parrott 30 pounder rifle, 4.2in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze, (Jones pg. 79), edge of the fuze hole is milled thin. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12in. (excluding fuze), weight 23lbs. to 26lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 284.

A0426...

Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 11.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 26.1lbs. Low band brass sabot shows five lands and grooves, fired from a Parrott rifle. West Point percussion fuze intact. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Mobile Bay, Alabama.

A2149...
Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12in. (excluding fuze), weight 26lbs. Low band brass sabot is not fired. West Point percussion fuze intact. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.


Artillery 4694 Parrott shell, long pattern, ring sabot, Parrott improved one part percussion fuze, 4.2in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott "improved one part" percussion fuze, Parrott 30 pounder rifle, 4.2in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc "improved" one part design, with a flange, (Jones, Fuzes, pg. 81), edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12in. (excluding fuze), weight 23lbs. to 26lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 284.

A2703...

Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12in. (excluding fuze), weight 23lbs. Low band brass sabot shows five lands and grooves, fired from a Parrott rifle. Parrott improved one part percussion fuze is partial. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole in the bottom. Recovered: North Carolina defenses.

A2777...

Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12in. (excluding fuze), weight 25lbs. Projectile is marked: "PATENTED / 1861". Low band brass sabot shows five lands and grooves, fired from a Parrott rifle. Parrott improved one part percussion fuze is partial. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole in the bottom. Recovered: not known.


Artillery 4695 Parrott shell, long pattern, ring sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, 4.2in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern "common" (standard), narrow ring brass sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Navy, Parrott 30 pounder rifle, 4.2in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. This shell is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Navy percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.4in., 12 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 102, top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled. Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 12in. (excluding fuze), weight 23lbs. to 26lbs.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 284.

A1880...

PProjectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 11.6in. (excluding fuze), weight 25.7lb. Low band brass sabot shows five lands and grooves, fired from a Parrott rifle, sabot spread to a larger diameter on firing but did not take the rifling. Schenkl percussion fuze intact. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole in the side. Recovered: not known.


and now a word from our sponsor.....

Civil War Relicman, Harry Ridgeway,
Civil War artillery, Relicman sales catalog.
Click here for artillery for sale.

artillery sales catalog.