Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Confederate adaptation of Parrott sabot design, 4.2 in.
Artillery 4760 Parrott Confederate 4.2in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Confederate 30 pounder rifle, 4.2in. Caliber of the gun is 4.2in., 5 grooves, (apparently copied from Federal 30 opounder), projectile diameter should measure 4.1 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 4760 Parrott Confederate shell 4.2in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Confederate adaptation of Parrott sabot design, Confederate manufacture, long pattern with smooth sides, brass band sabot,Confederate time fuze, 30 pounder 4.2 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured but utilizing many similar Federal Parrott design features. The smooth sides and notched base are very similar to the Federal design. Confederate developments include a lathe dimple on the bottom, rounded nose, the shell was finished on a lathe, most Federal Parrott shells are finished using a forcing die, there are 10 notches in the base (most Federal designs of this caliber have 8), and the sabot, which is missing on this example, is much heavier than the Federal counterpart. Shell is rare pattern and example pictured in Bells book was unfired with a flawed sabot covering the base. Fuze employed is likely the Confederate copper time fuze, but is not positively determined. Projectile measures 4.15 in, length 11.75 in.(without sabot), weight 26 lbs.
Ref: Bell Heavy Ordnance, pg. 282.

A2416...Rifled artillery projectile, Confederate adaptation of Parrott sabot design, Confederate manufacture, long pattern with smooth sides, brass band sabot,Confederate time fuze, 30 pounder 4.2 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured but utilizing many similar Federal Parrott design features. The smooth sides and notched base are very similar to the Federal design. Confederate developments include a lathe dimple on the bottom, rounded nose, the shell was finished on a lathe, most Federal Parrott shells are finished using a forcing die, there are 10 notches in the base (most Federal designs of this caliber have 8), and the sabot, which is missing on this example, is much heavier than the Federal counterpart. Shell is rare pattern and example pictured in Bells book was unfired with a flawed sabot covering the base. Fuze employed is likely the Confederate copper time fuze, but is not positively determined. Projectile measures 4.15 in, length 11.75 in.(without sabot), weight 26 lbs. High band brass sabot separated on firing. Remnants of fuze remain, thought to be Confederate copper time fuze. Metal solid. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes interior. Recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia not confirmed.
Ref: Bell Heavy Ordnance, pg. 282.


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