Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War

Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Read design, 3.8 in.
Artillery 5130 Read 3.8in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
James 14 pounder rifle, 3.8in.
Caliber of the gun is 3.8in., 14 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 3.73in. approximately, variations will be noted.
Confederate 14 pounder rifle, 3.8in. Caliber of the gun is 3.8in., 14 grooves, (apparently copied from James 14 pounder), projectile diameter should measure 3.73in. approximately, variations will be noted.

Artillery 5131 Read bolt 3.8in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Read design, Confederate manufacture Selma Alabama, solid bolt, short pattern with bourrelet rings, copper ring sabot not milled, Confederate adaptation for rifled 14 pounder, 3.8 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured during the war employing John Read's design , probably at Selma Arsenal. This pattern utilized two wide bourreletrings, as a labor saving device, only the rings had to be accurately machined, the rest could be left rough. The nose is relatively pointed, and the width of the bourrelet rings varies considerably, presumably this is operator variance in the finishing process. The base is raised and milled to a bevel leaving a depressed ring between the base and the sabot, there is no lathe dimple although this could have been milled out of the flat bottom. Shellwas apparently intended for the 3.8 in. Federal James cannon, some of which were captured, but were not produced by the south. Few were produced, most were discarded presumably because there were few guns that could use this size. Projectile measures: diameter 3.75in., length 6.25in. weight 12.0lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 287.

Projectile measures:diameter 3.75in., length 6.25in. weight 12.0lbs. Sabot is not fired. Metalis solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: solid ironcasting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: cache atSelma arsenal.

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