Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, 3.67 in.
Artillery 5210 Sawyer 3.67in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.

Weapons used:
Sawyer rifle, 3.67in. Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., 6 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 3.62 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 5211 Sawyer 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, bottom is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3. 6in., length 7in., weight 16lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 294.

A0754...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, bottom is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3. 6in., length 7in., weight 15.6lbs. Lead sabot is fired, and shows 6 lands and grooves and distortion from firing. Patent date in base is partly readable. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 294.

A1132...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, bottom is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3. 6in., length 7in. , weight 16lbs. Lead sabot is fired, shows 6 lands and grooves. Patent date in base is readable. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 294.

A1481...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, bottom is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3. 6in., length 7in., weight 16lbs. Lead sabot is fired, shows 6 lands and grooves. Patent date in base is readable. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 294.

A1535...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, solid bolt, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, bottom is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3. 6in., length 7in., weight 16lbs. Lead sabot is fired, shows 6 lands and grooves. Patent date in base is readable. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 294.


Artillery 5212 Sawyer 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, base is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855" and number "14 1/2" is stamped near the nose. Fuze employed was the Sawyer combination fuze, sometimes referred to as the "candlestick" fuze, Jones pg. 34. Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., length 7.6in., weight 15lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 295.

A0093...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, base is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855" and number "14 1/2" is stamped near the nose. Fuze employed was the Sawyer combination fuze, sometimes referred to as the "candlestick" fuze, Jones pg. 34. Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., length 7.6in., weight 15lbs. Lead sabot is fired, rifled 6 lands and grooves is weak. Patent date in base is not readable. Fuze is partial. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the center section of the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 295.

A1531...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, base is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855" and number "14 1/2" is stamped near the nose. Fuze employed was the Sawyer combination fuze, sometimes referred to as the "candlestick" fuze, Jones pg. 34. Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., length 7.6in., weight 13.9lbs. Lead sabot is fired, rifled 6 lands and grooves is strong, part of sabot peeled off around the nose. Patent date in base is readable and number stamped on nose. Fuze is partial. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the center section of the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 295.

A2385...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, base is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855" and number "14 1/2" is stamped near the nose. Fuze employed was the Sawyer combination fuze, sometimes referred to as the "candlestick" fuze, Jones pg. 34. Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., length 7.6in., weight 15lbs. Lead sabot is fired, rifled 6 lands and grooves is weak. Patent date in base is not readable. Fuze is partial. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the center section of the fuze. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 295.

A2430...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve, smooth sided, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast without flanges, base is tapered, sides are smooth. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855" and number "14 1/2" is stamped near the nose. Fuze employed was the Sawyer combination fuze, sometimes referred to as the "candlestick" fuze, Jones pg. 34. Sabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. The massive lead sabot tended to soften or melt in firing, hence the rifling is usually obscured. Projectile measures: diameter 3.58in., length 7.6in., weight 15lbs. Projectile is non dug, lead sabot is not fired, sabot is covered in paper. Patent date in base is readable, and numbers on the nose. Candlestick fuze is dug replacement but correct, and is removable. Projectile is disarmed, oopen fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks, this was probably a sample used for analysis.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 295.


Artillery 5213 Sawyer 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve and pre-cast flanges, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast six flanges cast into the shell. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Fuze employed was the Sawyer percussion fuze, Jones pg. 33. PSabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in. approx, length 7in. (excluding fuze), weight tbd.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 296.

A1141...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve and pre-cast flanges, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
A1141E.jpg (26435 bytes) A1141F.jpg (42854 bytes) Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast six flanges cast into the shell. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Fuze employed was the Sawyer percussion fuze, Jones pg. 33. PSabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in. approx, length 7in. (excluding fuze), weight 11.6lbs. Lead sabot is fired, rifled 6 lands and grooves is strong, part of sabot peeled off around the nose. Patent date in base is readable. Fuze is partial, top is missing, inner cap is exposed. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana, by Emile Mancusco.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 296.

A2006...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve and pre-cast flanges, Sawyer combination fuze, Sawyer rifle, 3.67 in.
A2006.jpg (20013 bytes) A2006B.jpg (19889 bytes) A2006C.jpg (17352 bytes) Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides. The design apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon, and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments, it was tested at Port Hudson, and then apparently abandoned. This pattern was cast six flanges cast into the shell. Base is stamped "PATENTED NOVEMBER 13, 1855". Fuze employed was the Sawyer percussion fuze, Jones pg. 33. PSabot if fired will show six weak lands and grooves, a pattern unique to the Sawyer rifle. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in. length and weight not meaningful. Lead sabot separated on firing, nose blew out. Metal solid, iron carcass shows the flanges. Projectile is disarmed, iron carcass is partial. Recovered: area of fire by Captain Pythagoras Holcomb's 2nd Vermont battery at Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 296.


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