|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
|by Harry Ridgeway|
|A2435...Rifled artillery projectile, Sawyer design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, lead sabot with lead sleeve and pre-cast flanges, Sawyer percussion fuze, Sawyer rifle, 4.2 in. |
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of Addison M Sawyer. The sabot system was designed with a massive lead sabot covering the entire base and the sides , including six flanges cast into the shell, it apparently proved unsatisfactory because the excessive lead consumed would gum up the bore on the cannon , and the elasticity of the lead probably lessened the dispersion of fragments. This experimental pattern was cast with flanges, covered with a lead sleeve, the government bought 250 shells of this caliber, this shell was not fired. Fuze employed was the Sawyer percussion fuze, Jones pg. 33. Marks on bottom : "15 14/16" , this refers to the weight of the bursting charge. Shell measures: diameter 4.15in. (from the grooves), length 8.5in. (excluding fuze), weight 16lbs. Nondug shell, sabot and fuze intact. Shell disarmed, fuze is removable exposing empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 355., this is the example published.
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