Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, 3 in.
Artillery 5310 Schenkl 3in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.


Weapons used:
Ordnance rifle, 3.in. Caliber of the gun is 3.0in., 7 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 2.94 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 5311 Schenkl 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A0094...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10.0lbs. Projectile is likely unfired, fuze is fully intact which is unusual, paper sabot missing as usual. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the combination fuze. Recovered: Richmond, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A0799. Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze, lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs. Combination fuze is missing the top, case shot balls are inside. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes interior. Recovered: Berryville, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia.

A2138...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs. Combination fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A2447...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9.3lbs. Combination fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A2476...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 8.6lbs. Comnbination fuze intact and is removable. Projectile is disarmed, removable fuze exposes the interior. Recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A2591...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 8.6lbs. Projectile is cut showing cross section. Combination fuze is partial, case shot balls are inside. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A2721...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs. Projectile is cut showing cross section. Combination fuze is partial, case shot balls are inside. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A2722...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs. Projectile is cut showing cross section. Combination fuze is partial, case shot balls are inside. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A2790...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs. Combination fuze is missing the top, case shot balls are inside. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes interior, shell may have been recovered in the 19th century or early 20th century, portions of combination fuze were apparently removed to disarm it. Civil War artifacts recovered from the Walker/Lupton property just north of Clearbrook, Virginia. There were two houses on the property, one was called Fairfield and the other Willow Spring. Virginia Lupton Riley was born at Willow Spring. It is likely that the Civil War items were found on this property, having passed from her aunt, Carrie Lupton Bond, who lived at Fairfield until sometime in the 1960's
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia.

A2829...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9.3lbs. Combination fuze is fully intactl. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the side. Recovered:Recovered: Gettysburg campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A2871...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot", lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination fuze early pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "early" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the top of the fuze, Jones pg. 104. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9.6 lbs. Combination fuze shows damage from firing but held. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the side. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.


Artillery 5312 Schenkl 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot"lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination 10 second fuze, late pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "late" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the side of the fuze and is marked on top "10 SEC", Jones pg. 105. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A1734...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot"lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination 10 second fuze, late pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "late" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the side of the fuze and is marked on top "10 SEC", Jones pg. 105. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs. Combination fuze is intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side, not photographed. Recovered: Bermuda Hundred, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A1840...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot"lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination 10 second fuze, late pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "late" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the side of the fuze and is marked on top "10 SEC", Jones pg. 105. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs. Conbination fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: City Point, Virginia ammo explosion.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.

A2642...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "case shot"lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, rounded nose, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl combination 10 second fuze, late pattern, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern with rounded shoulder was designed to hold "case shot" balls, designed to disperse above the heads of troops in the open field. Lead balls of small size, about .54in. diameter, are packed in black or asphalt matrix, with long powder train which often will be off center. Fuze employed was the Schenkl combination fuze, which was a complicated contraption designed to ignite either by time or on impact. This "late" pattern fuze has the percussion mechanism on the side of the fuze and is marked on top "10 SEC", Jones pg. 105. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 9lbs. Projectile is cut showing cross section. Combination fuze intact, was removed from the cut. Projectile is disarmed, cut show exposes interior. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 299.


Artillery 5313 Schenkl 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This shell with the pointed nose is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 300.

A1838...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This shell with the pointed nose is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 8lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact and is removable. Projectile has been disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Harpers Ferry Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 300.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2167...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This shell with the pointed nose is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 8lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact. Projectile has been disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 300.

A2461...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This shell with the pointed nose is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 8lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact and is removable. Projectile has been disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Gettysburg "east field" before 1960, provenance cannot be verified.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 300.

A2502...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This shell with the pointed nose is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 8lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact. Projectile has been disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 300.

A2520...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This shell with the pointed nose is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 8lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact. Projectile has been disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 300.

A2862...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This shell with the pointed nose is a "common" shell, (standard), it does not contain balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 2.94in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 8lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact. Projectile has been disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 300.


Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, 3 in., fragments

A0200.16...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, 3 in., fragments
This is sampling of Schenkl fragments,most are found in the 1862 and 1863 campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley. Both common shell, with percussion fuze, and case shot, with combination fuze are found. The Schenkl rib and small narrow bottom are typically distinguishing features. Nose section for common shells are difficult to distinguish. Case shot noses typically have a round ed shape and the threads are short, leaveing most of the fuze exposed inside beyond the threads. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia 1862 and 1863 campaigns, Clearbrook, and Second Battle of Winchester by Harry Ridgeway.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A0200.17...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, 3 in., fragments
All of these fragments are case shot and were fired from Milroy main fort against west fort when captured by the Confederates in Second Battle of Winchester. Recovered: Second Battle of Winchester, west battery, by Margaurite Smith.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


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