|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
|by Harry Ridgeway|
|A1841...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, Navy pattern, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, rifled boat howitzer 3.4 in. |
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This Navy pattern was intended for the 3.4in, rifled boat howitzer, this cannon was positioned on the bow of the river ships, this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Navy percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.3in., 12 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 102., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.3in., length 9in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10.1lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is removable. Projectile is disarmed, oen fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 417.
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