Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, 3.67 in.
Artillery 5330 Schenkl 3.67in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.


Weapons used:
Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., 5 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 3.62 in. approximately, variations will be found.
Rifled 6 pounder gun, 3.67in. Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., 7 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 3.62in. approximately, variations will be found.

Artillery 5331 Schenkl 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, early prototype, short pattern with grooved and pointed tail, paper sleeve sabot, iron percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so most fuzes are percussion. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Fuze employed was an iron time fuze, single slot, Jones pg.97. This pattern was early development, apparently a few rounds were sent to Port Hudson, no doubt it was unsatisfactory and it appears that further development of this pattern was then abandoned. Projectile measures: diameter 3.5in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 304.

A1147...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, early prototype, short pattern with grooved and pointed tail, paper sleeve sabot, iron percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so most fuzes are percussion. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Fuze employed was an iron time fuze, single slot, Jones pg.97. This pattern was early development, apparently a few rounds were sent to Port Hudson, no doubt it was unsatisfactory and it appears that further development of this pattern was then abandoned. Projectile measures: diameter 3.5in., length 7.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 8.8lbs. Iron fuze intact. Metal solid, shell has not been cleaned. Projectile is disarmed: drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson Louisiana, by Emile Mancuso.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 304.


Artillery 5332 Schenkl 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with grooved tail, tail is not rounded, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl rounded head percussion fuze early pattern, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. The tail on this early verision was left unfinished, later versions the tail is rounded. Considered an experimental shell, only a few were issued for "trials" at Port Hudson.Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl brass percussion fuze, early version with rounded flange, Jones pg. 98 lower right., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 12lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 306.

A1235...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with grooved tail, tail is not rounded, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl rounded head percussion fuze early pattern, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. The tail on this early verision was left unfinished, later versions the tail is rounded. Considered an experimental shell, only a few were issued for "trials" at Port Hudson.Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl brass percussion fuze, early version with rounded flange, Jones pg. 98 lower right., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 11.8lbs. Schenkl percusion fuze is intact. Projectile has been disarmed, drill hole on the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 306.


Artillery 5333 Schenkl 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with grooved tail, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 307.

A1149...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with grooved tail, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10.4lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana, by Emile Mancuso.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 307.

A1842...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with grooved tail, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is removable. Projectile is disarmed, removable fuze exposes empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 307.


Artillery 5334 Schenkl 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with ribbed tail, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six raised ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", (Jones pg. 9 8 or 99). , top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 308.

A1146...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with ribbed tail, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six raised ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", (Jones pg. 9 8 or 99). , top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact. Projectile has been disarmed, drill hole through the side. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 308.

A1222...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), short pattern with ribbed tail, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, rifled 6 pounder smoothbore, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This short pattern was intended for the rifled six pounder and has six raised ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", (Jones pg. 9 8 or 99). , top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 8.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight 10.2lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is removable. Projectile has been disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana, by Michael J Cherry Sr.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 308.


Artillery 5335 Schenkl 3.67in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), long pattern, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This long pattern was intended for the Parrott 20 pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 11.6in. (excluding the fuze), weight 18lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 309.

A1397...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), long pattern, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This long pattern was intended for the Parrott 20 pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 11.6in. (excluding the fuze), weight 18lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is removable. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 309.

A1733...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), long pattern, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This long pattern was intended for the Parrott 20 pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 11.6in. (excluding the fuze), weight 18lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 309.

A1843...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), long pattern, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This long pattern was intended for the Parrott 20 pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 11.6in. (excluding the fuze), weight 15.2lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is removable. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 309.

A2242...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), long pattern, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl percussion fuze, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67 in.
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This long pattern was intended for the Parrott 20 pounder and has six grooved ribs to secure the sabot. Usually this pattern is a "common" or standard round and will not be filled with balls , and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was a Schenkl Army percussion fuze , removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, head is 1.22in.or 1.25in., 10 threads per inch, marked "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 98 or 99., top of the fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 11.6in. (excluding the fuze), weight 18lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the bottom. Recovered: Richmond Petersburg Virginia campaign.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 309.


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