|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
|by Harry Ridgeway|
|A0120...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, Navy pattern with hook slant ribs, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl Navy percussion fuze, 50 pounder Navy rifle, 5.1 in. |
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This pattern features a smooth shoulder with a slight ring near the top, base has 6 slanted ribs, shell was intended for the Navy 50 pounder Dahlgren rifle, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was the Schenkl Navy percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, fuze head is 1.4in., 12 threads per inch, marked: "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 102, top of fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 5.06in., length 13.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 37lbs. Schenkl percussion fuze is removable. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 367.
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