|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
|by Harry Ridgeway|
|A2176...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, long pattern, paper sleeve sabot, Schenkl Navy percussion fuze, Navy Parrott 150 pounder rifle, 8 in. |
Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals, following the design of John P. Schenkl. The sabot system consisted of a "forcing cone" paper sleeve, which was intended to expand into the rifling, then flutter away on release. Problems with the paper absorbing moisture or swelling and blocking passage of the flame on firing rendered it impractical with time fuzes and so it saw limited application. This long pattern features a small bourrelet band, presumably to add stability for a heavy shell, base has 8 raised ribs, shell was intended for the Navy 8 in rifle, and with a percussion fuze it was designed to detonate after striking enemy cannon or equipment. Fuze employed was the Schenkl Navy percussion fuze, removable cap had a slider and percussion cap, fuze head is 1.4in., 12 threads per inch, marked: "JP SCHENKL / PAT OCT 16 1861", Jones pg. 102, top of fuze hole is milled flat. Projectile measures: diameter 7.85in., length 19.5in. (excluding the fuze), weight not determined. Projectile is cut showing cross section. Schenkl percussion fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: Charleston, South Carolina.
Ref: Bell, Heavy Ordnance, pg. 378., actual shell photographed.
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