Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, 3 in.
Artillery 5410 Schenkl Confederate, 3in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.


Weapons used:
Ordnance rifle, 3.in. Caliber of the gun is 3.0in., 7 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 2.94 in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate rifle, 3.in. Caliber of the gun is 3.0in., 7 grooves, (apparently copied from Federal 3 in. Ordnance rifle), projectile diameter should measure 2.94 in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate rifle, 3.in. Caliber of the gun is 3.0in., 12 grooves, projectile diameter should measure 2.94 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 5411 Schenkl Confederate, 3in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), wood sleeve sabot, Confederate copper time fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was issued by the Confederates, and features iron studs cast in the base to hold a wood sabot, the Confederates apparently were unable to copy the mixture needed to produce the paper sleeve. It is not clear if the Confederates converted stocks of the Federal shells or if this was Confederate manufacture using the Federal design as a model, the latter seems most likely. This pattern is scarce but significant quantities were produced. It seems unlikely that a southern arsenal would have been stocked with significant quantities of these shells without sabots or fuzes, or that the Confederates would have wanted to replace perfectly useable fuzes and sabots. The design could have been easily copied and cast to exact dimensions, with the addition of the stud in the base which appears to have been cast into the pattern and not welded or drilled. The copper time fuzes were employed on many other Confederate patterns and were easily utilized avoiding the need to copy the more complicated Federal percussion fuze. The wood sabot would have had less tendency to seal the bore, making the time fuze feasible. Fuze employed was the Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, (Jones pg. 46). Projectile measures: diameter 2.9 in., length 9.0in., weight 7.8lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 301.

A0096...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), wood sleeve sabot, Confederate copper time fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was issued by the Confederates, and features iron studs cast in the base to hold a wood sabot, the Confederates apparently were unable to copy the mixture needed to produce the paper sleeve. It is not clear if the Confederates converted stocks of the Federal shells or if this was Confederate manufacture using the Federal design as a model, the latter seems most likely. This pattern is scarce but significant quantities were produced. It seems unlikely that a southern arsenal would have been stocked with significant quantities of these shells without sabots or fuzes, or that the Confederates would have wanted to replace perfectly useable fuzes and sabots. The design could have been easily copied and cast to exact dimensions, with the addition of the stud in the base which appears to have been cast into the pattern and not welded or drilled. The copper time fuzes were employed on many other Confederate patterns and were easily utilized avoiding the need to copy the more complicated Federal percussion fuze. The wood sabot would have had less tendency to seal the bore, making the time fuze feasible. Fuze employed was the Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, (Jones pg. 46). Projectile measures: diameter 2.9 in., length 9.0in., weight 7.8lbs. Copper time fuze intact, pins intact, wood sabot missing. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 301.

A1846...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), wood sleeve sabot, Confederate copper time fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was issued by the Confederates, and features iron studs cast in the base to hold a wood sabot, the Confederates apparently were unable to copy the mixture needed to produce the paper sleeve. It is not clear if the Confederates converted stocks of the Federal shells or if this was Confederate manufacture using the Federal design as a model, the latter seems most likely. This pattern is scarce but significant quantities were produced. It seems unlikely that a southern arsenal would have been stocked with significant quantities of these shells without sabots or fuzes, or that the Confederates would have wanted to replace perfectly useable fuzes and sabots. The design could have been easily copied and cast to exact dimensions, with the addition of the stud in the base which appears to have been cast into the pattern and not welded or drilled. The copper time fuzes were employed on many other Confederate patterns and were easily utilized avoiding the need to copy the more complicated Federal percussion fuze. The wood sabot would have had less tendency to seal the bore, making the time fuze feasible. Fuze employed was the Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, (Jones pg. 46). Projectile measures: diameter 2.9 in., length 9.0in., weight 7.8lbs. Copper time fuze intact, pins intact, wood sabot missing. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 301.

A2636...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), wood sleeve sabot, Confederate copper time fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was issued by the Confederates, and features iron studs cast in the base to hold a wood sabot, the Confederates apparently were unable to copy the mixture needed to produce the paper sleeve. It is not clear if the Confederates converted stocks of the Federal shells or if this was Confederate manufacture using the Federal design as a model, the latter seems most likely. This pattern is scarce but significant quantities were produced. It seems unlikely that a southern arsenal would have been stocked with significant quantities of these shells without sabots or fuzes, or that the Confederates would have wanted to replace perfectly useable fuzes and sabots. The design could have been easily copied and cast to exact dimensions, with the addition of the stud in the base which appears to have been cast into the pattern and not welded or drilled. The copper time fuzes were employed on many other Confederate patterns and were easily utilized avoiding the need to copy the more complicated Federal percussion fuze. The wood sabot would have had less tendency to seal the bore, making the time fuze feasible. Fuze employed was the Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, (Jones pg. 46). Projectile measures: diameter 2.9 in., length 9.0in., weight 7.8lbs. Copper time fuze intact, pins are partial, wood sabot missing. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 301.

A2651...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture, bursting shell, "common" (standard), wood sleeve sabot, Confederate copper time fuze, Ordnance rifle, 3 in.
Projectile was issued by the Confederates, and features iron studs cast in the base to hold a wood sabot, the Confederates apparently were unable to copy the mixture needed to produce the paper sleeve. It is not clear if the Confederates converted stocks of the Federal shells or if this was Confederate manufacture using the Federal design as a model, the latter seems most likely. This pattern is scarce but significant quantities were produced. It seems unlikely that a southern arsenal would have been stocked with significant quantities of these shells without sabots or fuzes, or that the Confederates would have wanted to replace perfectly useable fuzes and sabots. The design could have been easily copied and cast to exact dimensions, with the addition of the stud in the base which appears to have been cast into the pattern and not welded or drilled. The copper time fuzes were employed on many other Confederate patterns and were easily utilized avoiding the need to copy the more complicated Federal percussion fuze. The wood sabot would have had less tendency to seal the bore, making the time fuze feasible. Fuze employed was the Confederate copper time fuze, two spanner holes, (Jones pg. 46). Projectile measures: diameter 2.9 in., length 9.0in., weight 7.8lbs. Copper time fuze intact, pins intact, wood sabot missing. Projectile is disarmed by drill hole through the side. Recovered: Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 301.


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