Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, 3.8 in.
Artillery 5420 Schenkl Confederate, 3.8in.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.


Weapons used:
Confederate 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in. Caliber of the gun is 3.67in., 5 grooves, (apparently copied from Federal 20 pounder), projectile diameter should measure 3.62 in. approximately, variations will be found.
Confederate 30 pounder rifle, 4.2in. Caliber of the gun is 4.2in., 5 grooves, (apparently copied from Federal 30 opounder), projectile diameter should measure 4.1 in. approximately, variations will be found.


Artillery 5421 Schenkl bolt, Confederate, 3.8in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture Marshall arsenal, solid bolt, wood sleeve sabot, likely 3.8 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured at Marshall Arsenal, Marshall Texas. The design utilized many features from the Federal Schenkl design, but is a unique Confederate design and not a copy. The Confederates replaced the paper sleeve from the Federal design with a wooden sleeve fitted over the bottom, it is not clear if they were having trouble replicating the paper sabot or they thought wood would be superior. This bolt design does not seem to have had any way to actually secure the wood sabot, it likely slipped badly. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, measurements of these crude shells vary, diameter seems too large for a 20 pounder but small for 3.8in. Confederates did not copy the James 14 pounder, this is the likely intended caliber, which means these were made for guns expected to be captured. and likely the wood sabot would fill to 3.8 in. Due either to poor performance or shortage of the guns, production and use of this pattern was extremely limited. Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 8.5in., weight 13lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 311.

A0098...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture Marshall arsenal, solid bolt, wood sleeve sabot, likely 3.8 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured at Marshall Arsenal, Marshall Texas. The design utilized many features from the Federal Schenkl design, but is a unique Confederate design and not a copy. The Confederates replaced the paper sleeve from the Federal design with a wooden sleeve fitted over the bottom, it is not clear if they were having trouble replicating the paper sabot or they thought wood would be superior. This bolt design does not seem to have had any way to actually secure the wood sabot, it likely slipped badly. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, measurements of these crude shells vary, diameter seems too large for a 20 pounder but small for 3.8in. Confederates did not copy the James 14 pounder, this is the likely intended caliber, which means these were made for guns expected to be captured. and likely the wood sabot would fill to 3.8 in. Due either to poor performance or shortage of the guns, production and use of this pattern was extremely limited. Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 8.5in., weight 12.3lbs. Wood sabot missing. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Provencal, Louisiana, an unfired cache.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 311.

A1607...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture Marshall arsenal, solid bolt, wood sleeve sabot, likely 3.8 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured at Marshall Arsenal, Marshall Texas. The design utilized many features from the Federal Schenkl design, but is a unique Confederate design and not a copy. The Confederates replaced the paper sleeve from the Federal design with a wooden sleeve fitted over the bottom, it is not clear if they were having trouble replicating the paper sabot or they thought wood would be superior. This bolt design does not seem to have had any way to actually secure the wood sabot, it likely slipped badly. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, measurements of these crude shells vary, diameter seems too large for a 20 pounder but small for 3.8in. Confederates did not copy the James 14 pounder, this is the likely intended caliber, which means these were made for guns expected to be captured. and likely the wood sabot would fill to 3.8 in. Due either to poor performance or shortage of the guns, production and use of this pattern was extremely limited. Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 8.5in., weight 12.3lbs. Wood sabot missing. Projectile is disarmed, casting is solid iron. Recovered: Provencal, Louisiana, an unfired cache.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 311.


Artillery 5425 Schenkl shell Confederate, 3.8in.
Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture Marshall arsenal, bursting shell, wood sleeve sabot, wood fuze, likely 3.8 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured at Marshall Arsenal, Marshall Texas. The design utilized many features from the Federal Schenkl design, but is a unique Confederate design and not a copy. The Confederates replaced the paper sleeve from the Federal design with a wooden sleeve fitted over the bottom, it is not clear if they were having trouble replicating the paper sabot or they thought wood would be superior. This shell design also had a stud fittted onto the bottom, this may have been an attempt to secure the sabot, however, it likely slipped badly anyway. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, measurements of these crude shells vary, diameter seems too large for a 20 pounder but small for 3.8in. Confederates did not copy the James 14 pounder, this is the likely intended caliber, which means these were made for guns expected to be captured. and likely the wood sabot would fill to 3.8 in. Due either to poor performance or shortage of the guns, production and use of this pattern was extremely limited. Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 8.5in., weight 10lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 313.

A0099...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture Marshall arsenal, bursting shell, wood sleeve sabot, wood fuze, likely 3.8 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured at Marshall Arsenal, Marshall Texas. The design utilized many features from the Federal Schenkl design, but is a unique Confederate design and not a copy. The Confederates replaced the paper sleeve from the Federal design with a wooden sleeve fitted over the bottom, it is not clear if they were having trouble replicating the paper sabot or they thought wood would be superior. This shell design also had a stud fittted onto the bottom, this may have been an attempt to secure the sabot, however, it likely slipped badly anyway. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, measurements of these crude shells vary, diameter seems too large for a 20 pounder but small for 3.8in. Confederates did not copy the James 14 pounder, this is the likely intended caliber, which means these were made for guns expected to be captured. and likely the wood sabot would fill to 3.8 in. Due either to poor performance or shortage of the guns, production and use of this pattern was extremely limited. Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 8.5in., weight 9.7lbs. Wood fuze and wood sabot missing, bottom stud plate is intact. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes the empty interior. Recovered: Provencal, Louisiana, an unfired cache.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 313.

A0585...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture Marshall arsenal, bursting shell, wood sleeve sabot, wood fuze, likely 3.8 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured at Marshall Arsenal, Marshall Texas. The design utilized many features from the Federal Schenkl design, but is a unique Confederate design and not a copy. The Confederates replaced the paper sleeve from the Federal design with a wooden sleeve fitted over the bottom, it is not clear if they were having trouble replicating the paper sabot or they thought wood would be superior. This shell design also had a stud fittted onto the bottom, this may have been an attempt to secure the sabot, however, it likely slipped badly anyway. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, measurements of these crude shells vary, diameter seems too large for a 20 pounder but small for 3.8in. Confederates did not copy the James 14 pounder, this is the likely intended caliber, which means these were made for guns expected to be captured. and likely the wood sabot would fill to 3.8 in. Due either to poor performance or shortage of the guns, production and use of this pattern was extremely limited. Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 8.5in., weight 10lbs. Wood fuze and wood sabot missing, bottom stud plate is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes the empty interior. Recovered: Provencal, Louisiana, an unfired cache.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 313.

A1272...Rifled artillery projectile, Schenkl design Confederate adaptation, Confederate manufacture Marshall arsenal, bursting shell, wood sleeve sabot, wood fuze, likely 3.8 in.
Projectile was Confederate manufactured at Marshall Arsenal, Marshall Texas. The design utilized many features from the Federal Schenkl design, but is a unique Confederate design and not a copy. The Confederates replaced the paper sleeve from the Federal design with a wooden sleeve fitted over the bottom, it is not clear if they were having trouble replicating the paper sabot or they thought wood would be superior. This shell design also had a stud fittted onto the bottom, this may have been an attempt to secure the sabot, however, it likely slipped badly anyway. It is not entirely clear what gun this was intended for, measurements of these crude shells vary, diameter seems too large for a 20 pounder but small for 3.8in. Confederates did not copy the James 14 pounder, this is the likely intended caliber, which means these were made for guns expected to be captured. and likely the wood sabot would fill to 3.8 in. Due either to poor performance or shortage of the guns, production and use of this pattern was extremely limited. Projectile measures: diameter 3.7in., length 8.5in., weight 10lbs. Wood fuze and wood sabot missing, bottom stud plate is missing. Projectile is disarmed, open fuze hole exposes the empty interior. Recovered: Provencal, Louisiana, an unfired cache.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 313.


and now a word from our sponsor.....

Civil War Relicman, Harry Ridgeway,
Civil War artillery, Relicman sales catalog.
Click here for artillery for sale.

artillery sales catalog.