|Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War
|Civil War Artillery|
|by Harry Ridgeway|
|A0155...Rifled artillery projectile, Tennessee design, Confederate manufacture, solid bolt, pattern with pointed nose and bourrelet rings, rings milled smooth to convert to smaller caliber, copper disc sabot with 3 studs in the sabot and flush mounted bolt, Confederate 30 pounder rifle, 4.2 in. |
Projectile started out as a Tennessee bolt, 4.5in. caliber with bourrelet rings, which would presumably have been intended for a rifled 12 pounder. Although a few of the 12 pounder smoothbores were converted to rifling, this design was not successful and the idea was apparently abandoned early on. This shell was then put on a lathe and cut down sufficient to fit a 30 pounder, 4.2in, this size cannon was more available. Because this was a bolt and not a shell, the reduction in diameter would not compromise the strength of the shell, although the cut did expose one side of the sabot studs, which otherwise would have been embedded within the shell and secured on all sides. Projectile measures: diameter 4.1in., length 7.4in. shell body, 8.5in overall, weight 20.3lbs. Sabot is fired showing 5 lands and grooves, distortion from firing and is intact. Metal is solid, minor areas of pitting. Projectile is disarmed: solid iron casting never had a cavity or bursting charge. Recovered: Vicksburg, Mississippi.
Ref: Bell Heavy Ordnance, pg. 402., this is the example published.
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