Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Grenades
Artillery 6100 grenades

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.


Hand grenade, Confederate design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and cloth guiding tail, Raines pressure sensitive percussion fuze, "1 pound", 1.75 in.
Projectile was manufactured at the Confederate arsenal at Augusta, Georgia and was similar in design to the Federal Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with cloth tail would give it stability in flight, a Rains Pressure Sensitive fusing system was utilized, this was a plunger affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they could be caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 1.75in., length 3.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 1lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 499.

A0125...Hand grenade, Confederate design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and cloth guiding tail, Raines pressure sensitive percussion fuze, "1 pound", 1.75 in.
Projectile was manufactured at the Confederate arsenal at Augusta, Georgia and was similar in design to the Federal Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with cloth tail would give it stability in flight, a Rains Pressure Sensitive fusing system was utilized, this was a plunger affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they could be caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 1.75in., length 3.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 1lbs. Fragment of tail remains, zinc housing intact, pressure sensitive fuze is missing.. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the missing plunger. Recovered Augusta River, Columbia SC where they were dumped.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 499.

A1351...Hand grenade, Confederate design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and cloth guiding tail, Raines pressure sensitive percussion fuze, "1 pound", 1.75 in.
Projectile was manufactured at the Confederate arsenal at Augusta, Georgia and was similar in design to the Federal Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with cloth tail would give it stability in flight, a Rains Pressure Sensitive fusing system was utilized, this was a plunger affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they could be caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 1.75in., length 3.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 1lbs. Fragment of tail remains, zinc housing intact, pressure sensitive fuze is missing.. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the missing plunger. Recovered Augusta River, Columbia SC where they were dumped.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 499.

A2126...Hand grenade, Confederate design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and cloth guiding tail, Raines pressure sensitive percussion fuze, "1 pound", 1.75 in.
Projectile was manufactured at the Confederate arsenal at Augusta, Georgia and was similar in design to the Federal Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with cloth tail would give it stability in flight, a Rains Pressure Sensitive fusing system was utilized, this was a plunger affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they could be caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 1.75in., length 3.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 1lbs. Fragment of tail remains, zinc housing intact, pressure sensitive fuze is missing.. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the missing plunger. Recovered Augusta River, Columbia SC where they were dumped.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 499.

A2786...Hand grenade, Confederate design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and cloth guiding tail, Raines pressure sensitive percussion fuze, "1 pound", 1.75 in.
Projectile was manufactured at the Confederate arsenal at Augusta, Georgia and was similar in design to the Federal Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with cloth tail would give it stability in flight, a Rains Pressure Sensitive fusing system was utilized, this was a plunger affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they could be caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 1.75in., length 3.75in. (excluding fuze), weight 1lbs. Fragment of tail remains, zinc housing intact, pressure sensitive fuze is missing.. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the missing plunger. Recovered Augusta River, Columbia SC where they were dumped.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 499.


Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "3 pounds", 2.4 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.4in., length 4.5in. Paperfin is marked "PATENTED AUG 20, 1861".
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 497.

A0122..Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "3 pounds", 2.4 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.4in., length 4.5in. Paper fin is marked "PATENTED AUG 20, 1861". Nondug projectile, original wood tail and paper fin are present, the paper fin is brittle and fragile and has seperated from the wood tail. Original plunger is present and removable. Projectile is disarmed, removal of plunger exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 497.

A0123...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "3 pounds", 2.4 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.4in., length 4.5in. Zinc sleeve for the plunger intact, wooden tail and fin are missing. Projectile is disarmed, both ends are open exposing empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 497.

A0755...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "3 pounds", 2.4 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.4in., length 4.5in. Zinc sleeve for the plunger intact, wooden tail and fin are missing. Projectile is disarmed, both ends are open exposing empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 497.

A1144...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "3 pounds", 2.4 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.4in., length 4.5in. Plunger intact, wooden tail and fin are missing. Projectile is disarmed, tail end is open exposing empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana,by Emile Manscusco.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 497.

A1282...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "3 pounds", 2.4 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.4in., length 4.5in. Zinc sleeve for the plunger intact, wooden tail is partial. Projectile is disarmed,drill hole through the side.. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 497.

A1363...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "3 pounds", 2.4 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.4in., length 4.5in. Zinc sleeve for the plunger intact, wooden tail and fin are missing. Projectile is disarmed, both ends are open exposing empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 497.

A2314...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "3 pounds", 2.4 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.4in., length 4.5in. Nondug projectile, this was apparently used in a display of war trophies, plunger is original, wood tail is missing, projectile is nickel plated for the old display. Projectile is disarmed, open tail end exposes empty interior. Recovered: surplus stocks.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 497.


Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "5 pounds", 2.9 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 6.5in.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 498.

A0124...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "5 pounds", 2.9 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 6.5in. Zinc sleeve for the plunger intact, wooden tail and fin are missing. Projectile is disarmed, both ends are open exposing empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 498.

A1145...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "5 pounds", 2.9 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 6.5in. Plunger intact, wooden tail and fin are missing. Projectile is disarmed, tail end is open exposing empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana,by Emile Manscusco.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 498.

A1487...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "5 pounds", 2.9 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 6.5in. Zinc sleeve for the plunger intact, wooden tail and fin are missing. Projectile is disarmed, both ends are open exposing empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 498.

A2301...Hand grenade, Ketchum design, elongated projectile with taper at both ends, wood and paper guiding tail, percussion fuze with disc cup plunger, "5 pounds", 2.9 in.
Projectile followed the design of William Ketchum. This projectile was designed to be used in trench warfare, it was to be tossed by hand, a wood tail with paper fins would give it stability in flight, a plunger was affixed to the front end that was meant to detonate it by compressing a percussion cap. In order for the detonation to work, the projectile needed to land perfectly flat on the plunger, most did not, and so they were frequently caught in a blanket or picked up and tossed back and forth doing little actual damage. Projectile measures: diameter 2.9in., length 6.5in. Plunger intact, wooden tail and fin are missing. Projectile is disarmed, tail end is open exposing empty interior. Recovered: Port Hudson, Louisiana.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 498.


Hand grenade, Confederate design, spherical projectile, Selma Arsenal manufacture, wood fuze, 2.5 in.
Projectile was a small iron ball, light enough to be tossed by hand. Projectile was manufactured at Selma, Alabama arsenal. Fuze employed was a small wood fuze, the igniter would be fired with a hand match and then the ball tossed into an enemy trench. Ball measures 2.5in., weight 1.25lbs.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 500.

A0126...Hand grenade, Confederate design, spherical projectile, Selma Arsenal manufacture, wood fuze, 2.5 in.
Projectile was a small iron ball, light enough to be tossed by hand. Projectile was manufactured at Selma, Alabama arsenal. Fuze employed was a small wood fuze, the igniter would be fired with a hand match and then the ball tossed into an enemy trench. Ball measures 2.5in., weight 1.25lbs. Wood fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Selma river, Alabama by Steve Phillips.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 500.

A2174...Hand grenade, Confederate design, spherical projectile, Selma Arsenal manufacture, wood fuze, 2.5 in.
Projectile was a small iron ball, light enough to be tossed by hand. Projectile was manufactured at Selma, Alabama arsenal. Fuze employed was a small wood fuze, the igniter would be fired with a hand match and then the ball tossed into an enemy trench. Ball measures 2.5in., weight 1.25lbs. Wood fuze intact. Projectile is disarmed, drill hole through the paper section of the time fuze. Recovered: Selma river, Alabama.
Ref: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 500.


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