Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Wood time fuzes
Artillery 8250 Fuze wood

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.


Wood time fuze
Fuze was widely manufactured and used by both sides. It is a simple device, could be cut from wood on a lathe, did not require scarce metals or machining of threads. Any skilled woodworker could make them, tapered shape conforms to the smooth fuze holes, a smaller hole was drilled down the center to take a paper time fuze, the fuze could be driven into a shell in the field using a hammer or mallet. Different sizes were used for different size shells however if the fuze was too long, it could still be used, it would simply protrude out the top.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 2 & 3.

A1464...Wood time fuze, small shells
Fuze was widely manufactured and used by both sides. It is a simple device, could be cut from wood on a lathe, did not require scarce metals or machining of threads. Any skilled woodworker could make them, tapered shape conforms to the smooth fuze holes, a smaller hole was drilled down the center to take a paper time fuze, the fuze could be driven into a shell in the field using a hammer or mallet. Different sizes were used for different size shells however if the fuze was too long, it could still be used, it would simply protrude out the top. Fuze measures: length 1.5 in., top diameter .94 in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 2 & 3.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A1467...Wood time fuze, larger shells
Fuze was widely manufactured and used by both sides. It is a simple device, could be cut from wood on a lathe, did not require scarce metals or machining of threads. Any skilled woodworker could make them, tapered shape conforms to the smooth fuze holes, a smaller hole was drilled down the center to take a paper time fuze, the fuze could be driven into a shell in the field using a hammer or mallet. Different sizes were used for different size shells however if the fuze was too long, it could still be used, it would simply protrude out the top. Fuze measures: length 2.1 in., top diameter 1.4 in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 2 & 3.

A1994...Wood time fuze, small shells
A1994.jpg (25357 bytes) Fuze was widely manufactured and used by both sides. It is a simple device, could be cut from wood on a lathe, did not require scarce metals or machining of threads. Any skilled woodworker could make them, tapered shape conforms to the smooth fuze holes, a smaller hole was drilled down the center to take a paper time fuze, the fuze could be driven into a shell in the field using a hammer or mallet. Different sizes were used for different size shells however if the fuze was too long, it could still be used, it would simply protrude out the top.Fuze measures, (3 fuzes):
A1994 (left ) Length 1.25in., top diameter .9in .
A1995 (middle) Length 1.35in., top diameter 1.05in .
A1996 (right) Length 1.3in., top diameter 1.1in .
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 2 & 3.

A1997...Wood time fuze, large shells
A1997.jpg (30165 bytes) Fuze was widely manufactured and used by both sides. It is a simple device, could be cut from wood on a lathe, did not require scarce metals or machining of threads. Any skilled woodworker could make them, tapered shape conforms to the smooth fuze holes, a smaller hole was drilled down the center to take a paper time fuze, the fuze could be driven into a shell in the field using a hammer or mallet. Different sizes were used for different size shells however if the fuze was too long, it could still be used, it would simply protrude out the top. Fuze measures, (two fuzes):
A1997 (left) Length 2.3in., top diameter 1.5in .
A1998 (right) Length 2in., top diameter 1.75in .
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 2 & 3.

A2310...Wood time fuze, small shells
Fuze was widely manufactured and used by both sides. It is a simple device, could be cut from wood on a lathe, did not require scarce metals or machining of threads. Any skilled woodworker could make them, tapered shape conforms to the smooth fuze holes, a smaller hole was drilled down the center to take a paper time fuze, the fuze could be driven into a shell in the field using a hammer or mallet. Different sizes were used for different size shells however if the fuze was too long, it could still be used, it would simply protrude out the top. Fuze measures: length 2.5in., top diameter 1.0in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 2 & 3.


Wood time fuze, for mortar, five seconds
Fuze was manufactured for Federal use late in the war. Fuze is very long and was designed to be cut and installed to achieve the desired burn time. This fuze is marked marked : "5 / SECONDS / TO THE INCH. / (date)" . Fuze generally intended for a larger mortar 10 inches and up. Fuze measures 9.5in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 4.

A1923...Wood time fuze, for mortar, five seconds, 1865
A1923.jpg (11427 bytes) A1923B.jpg (19151 bytes)Fuze was manufactured for Federal use late in the war. Fuze is very long and was designed to be cut and installed to achieve the desired burn time. This fuze is marked marked : "5 / SECONDS / TO THE INCH. / (date)" . Fuze generally intended for a larger mortar 10 inches and up. Fuze measures 9.5in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 4.

A1924...Wood time fuze, for mortar, five seconds, 1864.
A1924.jpg (11058 bytes) A1924B.jpg (19520 bytes) Fuze was manufactured for Federal use late in the war. Fuze is very long and was designed to be cut and installed to achieve the desired burn time. This fuze is marked marked : "5 / SECONDS / TO THE INCH. / 1864". Fuze generally intended for a larger mortar 10 inches and up. Fuze measures 9.5in. This fuze was hand marked, "1864" was crossed out and "1865" entered.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 4.


Wood time fuze, for smaller mortar.
Fuze was manufactured for Federal use. Fuze is very long and was designed to be cut and installed to achieve the desired burn time. This fuze is not marked, but the gunner could feel and count the cuts to determine the length desired. Fuze measures 6in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 4.

A1925...Wood time fuze, for smaller mortar.
A1925.jpg (12327 bytes) A1925B.jpg (9165 bytes) Fuze was manufactured for Federal use. Fuze is very long and was designed to be cut and installed to achieve the desired burn time. This fuze is not marked, but the gunner could feel and count the cuts to determine the length desired. Fuze measures 6in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 4.


and now a word from our sponsor.....

Civil War Relicman, Harry Ridgeway,
Civil War artillery, Relicman sales catalog.
Click here for artillery for sale.

artillery sales catalog.