Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Parrott fuzes
Artillery 8550 Fuze Parrott

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.


Parrott zinc watercap fuze
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, the Navy watercap fuze employed a crooked channel so that the flame would travel faster than the water. The fuze consists of an outer threaded bushing, the fuze is threaded into the bushing, the watercap mechanism is threaded inside the fuze, so there are three sets of threads! Originally covered with a lead pull tab, this was removed before firing. This Parrott fuze is made of zinc. Fuze generally intended for large caliber Parrott shells fired from ships. Fuze measures: length 3in., diameter1.1in., flange diameter 1.3in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg.13.

A1933...Parrott zinc watercap fuze
A1933.jpg (18982 bytes) A1933B.jpg (31694 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, the Navy watercap fuze employed a crooked channel so that the flame would travel faster than the water. The fuze consists of an outer threaded bushing, the fuze is threaded into the bushing, the watercap mechanism is threaded inside the fuze, so there are three sets of threads! Originally covered with a lead pull tab, this was removed before firing. This Parrott fuze is made of zinc. Fuze generally intended for large caliber Parrott shells fired from ships. Fuze measures: length 3in., diameter1.1in., flange diameter 1.3in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg.13.


Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.35in. to 1.7in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.

A0191.1...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.7in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in. Recovered: Frederick County, Virginia, by Harry Ridgeway.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A0191.2... Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.4in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in. Recovered: McDowell Virginia.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A0327.1...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.6in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in. Recovered: Culpeper, Virginia by W R Roderick.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2309...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.6in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.

A2573...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.6in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.

A2574...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.35in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.

A2576...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.35in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.

A2580...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.65in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.

A2652...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.7in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.

A2653...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.7in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.

A2654...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.7in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.

A2655...Parrott time fuze, no flange
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This early version did not have a flange, problems developed with gases leaking around the threads causing some premature detonations and eventually flanges were added to better seal the fuze. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.6in., diameter 1.1in., 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 76.


Parrott zinc time fuze, with rounded flange.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a rounded top with flange added. A leather washer was installed under the flange, this was designed to minimize gas leaks around the fuze which caused some premature detonations. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.76in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, upper left.

A0191.3...Parrott zinc time fuze, with rounded flange.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a rounded top with flange added. A leather washer was installed under the flange, this was designed to minimize gas leaks around the fuze which caused some premature detonations. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.76in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, upper left.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A1740...Parrott zinc time fuze, with rounded flange.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a rounded top with flange added. A leather washer was installed under the flange, this was designed to minimize gas leaks around the fuze which caused some premature detonations. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Fuze measures: length 1.76in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, upper left.


Parrott zinc time fuze, with flat flange.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a flat top with flange added, shank is partially threaded, bottom section is recessed and not threaded. A leather washer was installed under the flange, this was designed to minimize gas leaks around the fuze which caused some premature detonations. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Top of flange is marked "W", Parrott operated out of West Point Foundry. Fuze measures: length 2.5in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, upper right.

A1093...Parrott zinc time fuze, with flat flange.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a flat top with flange added, shank is partially threaded, bottom section is recessed and not threaded. A leather washer was installed under the flange, this was designed to minimize gas leaks around the fuze which caused some premature detonations. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Top of flange is marked "W", Parrott operated out of West Point Foundry. Fuze measures: length 2.5in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, upper right.

A1973...Parrott zinc time fuze, with flat flange.
A1973.jpg (17760 bytes) A1973B.jpg (23155 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a flat top with flange added, shank is partially threaded, bottom section is recessed and not threaded. A leather washer was installed under the flange, this was designed to minimize gas leaks around the fuze which caused some premature detonations. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Top of flange is marked "W", Parrott operated out of West Point Foundry. Fuze measures: length 2.5in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, upper right.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2766...Parrott zinc time fuze, with flat flange.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a flat top with flange added, shank is partially threaded, bottom section is recessed and not threaded. A leather washer was installed under the flange, this was designed to minimize gas leaks around the fuze which caused some premature detonations. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Top of flange is marked "W", Parrott operated out of West Point Foundry. Fuze measures: length 2.5in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, upper right.

A2822...Parrott zinc time fuze, with flat flange.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a flat top with flange added, shank is partially threaded, bottom section is recessed and not threaded. A leather washer was installed under the flange, this was designed to minimize gas leaks around the fuze which caused some premature detonations. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott field caliber projectiles, however they were also found on larger calibers. Top of flange is marked "W", Parrott operated out of West Point Foundry. Fuze measures: length 2.5in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in. Recovered: Chad Davis, Aldie Virginia.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, upper right.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


Parrott zinc time fuze, with flat flange, long threaded pattern.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a flat top with flange added, long shank with threads full length. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott 20 and 30 pounder caliber projectiles. Fuze measures: length 2.3in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, bottom.

A1964...Parrott zinc time fuze, with flat flange, long threaded pattern.
A1964.jpg (21694 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a flat top with flange added, long shank with threads full length. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott 20 and 30 pounder caliber projectiles. Fuze measures: length 2.3in., diameter 1.1in. flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 77, bottom.


Parrott zinc time fuze, with flat flange, long threaded pattern, largest caliber.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a flat top with flange added, long shank with threads full length. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott 200 and 300 pounder caliber projectiles. Fuze measures: length 2.52in., diameter 1.5in. flange diameter 1.66in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 85.

A2567...Parrott zinc time fuze, with flat flange, long threaded pattern, largest caliber.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, time fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. This relatively simple fuze was activated by setting a paper fuze in the center hole, the paper would ignite upon firing, burn time would be predetermined by the concentration of flammable product in the paper fuze. This version features a flat top with flange added, long shank with threads full length. Primary use of these fuzes was for Parrott 200 and 300 pounder caliber projectiles. Fuze measures: length 2.52in., diameter 1.5in. flange diameter 1.66in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 85.


Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. A slider with nipple for percussion cap was independently placed in the throat of the shell, the fuze hole was sealed with a threaded cap, on impact the slider would slam into the cap and detonate. It is hard to see this working effectively, and this system was abandoned fairly early in the process in favor of the "one part" fuze, which integrated all the moving parts into a single unit. Fuze dimensions vary and some have small flanges to seal against gas leaks and some do not.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 79 & 80.

A1991...Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze.
A1991.jpg (29720 bytes) A1991B.jpg (28906 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. A slider with nipple for percussion cap was independently placed in the throat of the shell, the fuze hole was sealed with a threaded cap, on impact the slider would slam into the cap and detonate. It is hard to see this working effectively, and this system was abandoned fairly early in the process in favor of the "one part" fuze, which integrated all the moving parts into a single unit. Fuze dimensions vary and some have small flanges to seal against gas leaks and some do not. Fuze dimensions vary here are three different sizes:
Rounded top flanged head, tall head diameter 1.1in., height .95in.
Rounded top flanged head, short head diameter 1.1in., height .75in.
Rounded top, no flanges, tall head diameter 1.1in., height .85in
There are two types of sliders:
Base with flange, iron nipple, height 1.2in.
Base with no flange, iron nipple, height .7in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 79 & 80.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2135...Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. A slider with nipple for percussion cap was independently placed in the throat of the shell, the fuze hole was sealed with a threaded cap, on impact the slider would slam into the cap and detonate. It is hard to see this working effectively, and this system was abandoned fairly early in the process in favor of the "one part" fuze, which integrated all the moving parts into a single unit. Fuze dimensions vary and some have small flanges to seal against gas leaks and some do not.Fuze measures: rounded top flanged head, head diameter 1.25 in., height .8 in. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 79 & 80.

A2136...Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "West Point" style two part fuze.
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. A slider with nipple for percussion cap was independently placed in the throat of the shell, the fuze hole was sealed with a threaded cap, on impact the slider would slam into the cap and detonate. It is hard to see this working effectively, and this system was abandoned fairly early in the process in favor of the "one part" fuze, which integrated all the moving parts into a single unit. Fuze dimensions vary and some have small flanges to seal against gas leaks and some do not. Fuze measures: rounded top flanged head, head diameter 1.15in., height .8in. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 79 & 80.


Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "improved" one part fuze, shank partial threaded
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. An improvement over the "West Point" design, a slider with nipple for percussion cap was placed inside the fuze and the "one part" fuze inserted into the shell as a single unit. This model features threading for part of the shank, the bottom is recessed. Fuze dimensions: length 2.2in. (plus cap), diameter 1.1in. , flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 81.

A1968...Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "improved" one part fuze, shank partial threaded
A1968.jpg (18037 bytes) A1968B.jpg (25071 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. An improvement over the "West Point" design, a slider with nipple for percussion cap was placed inside the fuze and the "one part" fuze inserted into the shell as a single unit. This model features threading for part of the shank, the bottom is recessed. Fuze dimensions: length 2.2in. (plus cap), diameter 1.1in. , flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 81.

A2662...Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "improved" one part fuze, shank partial threaded
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. An improvement over the "West Point" design, a slider with nipple for percussion cap was placed inside the fuze and the "one part" fuze inserted into the shell as a single unit. This model features threading for part of the shank, the bottom is recessed. Fuze dimensions: length 2.2in. (plus cap), diameter 1.1in. , flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in. Recovered: Charles Town Virginia (now West Virginia) by Brian Irving
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 81.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "improved" one part fuze, shank fully threaded
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. An improvement over the "West Point" design, a slider with nipple for percussion cap was placed inside the fuze and the "one part" fuze inserted into the shell as a single unit. This model features threading for full length of the shank, the bottom is recessed. Fuze dimensions: length 2.2in. (plus cap), diameter 1.1in. , flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 84.

A1967...Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "improved" one part fuze, shank fully threaded
A1967.jpg (22897 bytes) A1967B.jpg (29215 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. An improvement over the "West Point" design, a slider with nipple for percussion cap was placed inside the fuze and the "one part" fuze inserted into the shell as a single unit. This model features threading for full length of the shank, the bottom is recessed. Fuze dimensions: length 2.2in. (plus cap), diameter 1.1in. , flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in. Dug fuze is split, anvil cap and slider are fully intact and displayed. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 84.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A1969...Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "improved" one part fuze, shank fully threaded
A1969.jpg (21557 bytes) A1969B.jpg (24760 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. An improvement over the "West Point" design, a slider with nipple for percussion cap was placed inside the fuze and the "one part" fuze inserted into the shell as a single unit. This model features threading for full length of the shank, the bottom is recessed. Fuze dimensions: length 2.2in. (plus cap), diameter 1.1in. , flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 84.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "improved" one part fuze, shank fully threaded, brass housing
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. An improvement over the "West Point" design, a slider with nipple for percussion cap was placed inside the fuze and the "one part" fuze inserted into the shell as a single unit. This model features threading for full length of the shank, the bottom is recessed. Threaded housing is made of brass, internal cap is white metal. Fuze dimensions: length 2.2in. (plus cap), diameter 1.1in. , flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 84, upper left.

A1432...Parrott zinc percussion fuze, "improved" one part fuze, shank fully threadedm, brass housing
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Parrott's design, percussion fuze was made of a white metal compound, primarily zinc and lead, fuze was installed and tightened with two spanner holes. An improvement over the "West Point" design, a slider with nipple for percussion cap was placed inside the fuze and the "one part" fuze inserted into the shell as a single unit. This model features threading for full length of the shank, the bottom is recessed. Threaded housing is made of brass, internal cap is white metal. Fuze dimensions: length 2.2in. (plus cap), diameter 1.1in. , flange diameter 1.3in. , 12 threads per in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 84, upper left.


Parrott shell fragments, with fuzes.

A2202...Parrott 10 pounder, nose section with time fuze.

Large fragment of a Parrott 10 pounder, with zinc time fuze.

A2204...Parrott 10 pounder, nose section with Parrott time fuze with flat flange.
Large fragment of a Parrott 10 pounder, nose section with flanged zinc time fuze.

A2207...Parrott 30 pounder, nose section with fuze.
Large fragment of a Parrott 30 pounder, nose with zinc time fuze.

A2230...Parrott 10 pounder, nose section with time fuze.
Large fragment of a Parrott 10 pounder, with zinc time fuze intact.


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