Ridgeway Civil War Research Center,
A virtual examination of artifacts of the American Civil War


Civil War Artillery
by Harry Ridgeway

Schenkl fuzes
Artillery 8600 Fuze Schenkl

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Research Center...", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.
All projectiles listed have been disarmed.

Most information on this page is from:
Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War, 1993 Edition. by Thomas S. Dickey and Peter C. George.
Civil War Heavy Explosive Ordnance, A Guide to Large Artillery Prjectiles, Torpedoes, and Mines, by Jack Bell.
Artillery Fuses of the Civil War, by Charles H. Jones.
Pictures are by the author, unless otherwise indicated.


Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles, flanged rounded head
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a small flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Flange is rounded and not ,marked Fuze generally early pattern Schenkl and Dyer shells. Fuze measures: length 2.6in., body diameter 1in. , flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.

A1953...Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles, flanged rounded head
A1953.jpg (17751 bytes) A1953B.jpg (26948 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a small flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Flange is rounded and not ,marked Fuze generally early pattern Schenkl and Dyer shells. Fuze measures: length 2.6in., body diameter 1in. , flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2180...Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles, flanged rounded head
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a small flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Flange is rounded and not ,marked Fuze generally early pattern Schenkl and Dyer shells. Fuze measures: length 2.6in., body diameter 1in. , flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch. Dug fuze, with blown nose section from Dyer 3 in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.


Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for field caliber Schenkl and Parrott shells . Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1in., flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.
A0189...Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for field caliber Schenkl and Parrott shells . Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1in., flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch. Head and slider found Frederick County, Virginia
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia.

A0972...Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for field caliber Schenkl and Parrott shells . Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1in., flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch. Recovered: Shepherdstown West Virginia.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2129...Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for field caliber Schenkl and Parrott shells . Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1in., flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.

A2130...Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for field caliber Schenkl and Parrott shells . Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1in., flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.

A2131...Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for field caliber Schenkl and Parrott shells . Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1in., flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch. Dug fuze, slider is from another fuze and is a good illustration of the working parts. Recovered: Richmond, Petersburg, Virginia campaign.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.

A2566...Schenkl percussion fuze, Army use for field projectiles
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for field caliber Schenkl and Parrott shells . Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1in., flange diameter 1.25in., 10 threads per inch. Dug fuze, slider cap is loose. Recovered: not known.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 98 & 99.


Schenkl percussion fuze, Navy use for large projectiles
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for large caliber Parrott and Schenkl shells fired from ships. Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1.1in., flange diameter 1.4in., 12 threads per inch.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 102.

A1742...Schenkl percussion fuze, Navy use for large projectiles, thick flanged head.
A1742.jpg (19495 bytes) A1742B.jpg (27543 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for large caliber Parrott and Schenkl shells fired from ships. Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1.1in., flange diameter 1.4in., 12 threads per inch.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 102.

A1743...Schenkl percussion fuze, Navy use for large projectiles, thick flanged head.
A1743.jpg (18610 bytes)A1743B.jpg (31268 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for large caliber Parrott and Schenkl shells fired from ships. Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1.1in., flange diameter 1.4in., 12 threads per inch.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 102.

A1947...Schenkl percussion fuze, Navy use for large projectiles
A1947.jpg (17775 bytes) A1947B.jpg (29915 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, percussion fuze is brass, featuring a thick flanged head and single slot for tightening. The fuze contains an internal slider topped with a percussion cap, which would detonate by striking against the slider cap. The gunner would install the fuze in the shell when ready for use, first a safety screw in the side to secure the slider would be released, the slider cap would be tightened after positioning the percussion cap inside. Fuze is stamped: "J.P. SCHENKL / PAT. OCT. 16 1861". Fuze generally intended for large caliber Parrott and Schenkl shells fired from ships. Fuze measures: length 2.5in. to 2.7in., body diameter 1.1in., flange diameter 1.4in., 12 threads per inch.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 102.


Schenkl combination fuze, early pattern
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, this complex fuze was designed to function both from time or percussion. The section at the top rotated, exposing a channel along a diagonal line into the powder chamber. The top of the fuze was marked for the time, with the longer the channel the longer burn time. A striker with a percussion cap was on the top, designed to detonate upon impact, or if this failed, the time fuze would eventually detonate the shell. Fuze measures: length 3.5in. (with cap), flange diameter 1.6in. diameter 1.1 in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 104.

A0190...Schenkl combination fuze, early pattern
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, this complex fuze was designed to function both from time or percussion. The section at the top rotated, exposing a channel along a diagonal line into the powder chamber. The top of the fuze was marked for the time, with the longer the channel the longer burn time. A striker with a percussion cap was on the top, designed to detonate upon impact, or if this failed, the time fuze would eventually detonate the shell. Fuze measures: length 3.5in. (with cap), flange diameter 1.6in. diameter 1.1 in. Recovered: Frederick County Virginia, by Harry Ridgeway.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 104.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A1422...Schenkl combination fuze, early pattern
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, this complex fuze was designed to function both from time or percussion. The section at the top rotated, exposing a channel along a diagonal line into the powder chamber. The top of the fuze was marked for the time, with the longer the channel the longer burn time. A striker with a percussion cap was on the top, designed to detonate upon impact, or if this failed, the time fuze would eventually detonate the shell. Fuze measures: length 3.5in. (with cap), flange diameter 1.6in. diameter 1.1 in. Parts recovered: Frederick County, Virginia by Harry Ridgeway.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 104.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia

A2134...Schenkl combination fuze, early pattern
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, this complex fuze was designed to function both from time or percussion. The section at the top rotated, exposing a channel along a diagonal line into the powder chamber. The top of the fuze was marked for the time, with the longer the channel the longer burn time. A striker with a percussion cap was on the top, designed to detonate upon impact, or if this failed, the time fuze would eventually detonate the shell. Fuze measures: length 3.5in. (with cap), flange diameter 1.6in. diameter 1.1 in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 104.

A3017...Schenkl combination fuze, early pattern
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, this complex fuze was designed to function both from time or percussion. The section at the top rotated, exposing a channel along a diagonal line into the powder chamber. The top of the fuze was marked for the time, with the longer the channel the longer burn time. A striker with a percussion cap was on the top, designed to detonate upon impact, or if this failed, the time fuze would eventually detonate the shell. Fuze measures: length 3.5in. (with cap), flange diameter 1.6in. diameter 1.1 in. Recovered: Guard Hill, Front Royal Virginia, by Toby Keller.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 104.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


Schenkl combination fuze, later pattern
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, this complex fuze was designed to function both from time or percussion. The section at the top rotated, exposing a channel along a diagonal line into the powder chamber. The top of the fuze was marked for the time, with the longer the channel the longer burn time. This model differs from theearlier model as the striker is on the side and internal in the top, ignition waseffected by a flammable paste, which was protected by a metal bandcovered by cloth. The top of the fuze is marked 10 seconds and the strikerlatch is on the side of the fuze. Fuze measures: length 3.5in. (with cap), flange diameter 1.6in. diameter 1.1 in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 105.

A2137...Schenkl combination fuze, later pattern
Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, this complex fuze was designed to function both from time or percussion. The section at the top rotated, exposing a channel along a diagonal line into the powder chamber. The top of the fuze was marked for the time, with the longer the channel the longer burn time. This model differs from theearlier model as the striker is on the side and internal in the top, ignition waseffected by a flammable paste, which was protected by a metal bandcovered by cloth. The top of the fuze is marked 10 seconds and the strikerlatch is on the side of the fuze. Fuze measures: length 3.5in. (with cap), flange diameter 1.6in. diameter 1.1 in. Nondug fuze, original cloth.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 105.

A1943...Schenkl combination fuze, later pattern
A1943.jpg (19299 bytes) A1943B.jpg (35402 bytes) A1943C.jpg (23646 bytes) A1943D.jpg (21283 bytes) Fuze was manufactured in the Federal arsenals using Schenkl design, this complex fuze was designed to function both from time or percussion. The section at the top rotated, exposing a channel along a diagonal line into the powder chamber. The top of the fuze was marked for the time, with the longer the channel the longer burn time. This model differs from theearlier model as the striker is on the side and internal in the top, ignition waseffected by a flammable paste, which was protected by a metal bandcovered by cloth. The top of the fuze is marked 10 seconds and the strikerlatch is on the side of the fuze. Fuze measures: length 3.5in. (with cap), flange diameter 1.6in. diameter 1.1 in.
Ref: Jones Fuzes pg. 105.
Ridgeway collection, Old Court House Civil War Museum, Winchester, Virginia


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