Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway

Winchester, Virginia USA, changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!
authentic Civil War relics, bought and sold

Civil War artillery, Relicman sales catalog.
All items listed are authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described.
All artillery items listed have been disarmed.
Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission.

A3033...Rifled artillery projectile, Parrott design, Federal manufacture, bursting shell, short pattern "case shot", with lead balls packed in asphalt matrix, narrow ring brass sabot, Parrott time fuze with a flange, Parrott 20 pounder rifle, 3.67in.  Projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following the invention of Robert Parrott. The sabot system utilized was a narrow brass ring secured to the base with internal rabbets, referred to as "type III", more flexible than wrought iron and more narrow than the high band, this took the rifling much better than the earlier designs. Some of these shells were configured as case shot, (approx. 17.5lbs to 19lbs. with balls, short, 9.25in.), or as "common" (approx 15lbs. to 17lbs. without balls, long 10.25in.). This shell is "case shot.", explosive charge with lead balls, and with a time fuze was designed to detonate above the heads of troops in the open field. The lead balls are rough cast around .69 cal, packed in black asphalt matrix near the top of the shell, powder packed in a long channel which expands near the bottom, on detonation the concentrated powder at the bottom was designed to burn the matrix and propel the balls and fragments forward. Fuze employed was a Parrott zinc time fuze, typically the pattern with a long stem and flat top with a flange, an innovation to prevent gas leaks around the fuze causing premature detonations, Jones, Fuzes, pg. 77 upper right, edge of the fuze hole is milled flat. Bottom of shell usually shows a casting sprue which was rough milled, there will often be casting flaws near the base.
Reference: Dickey & George, Field Artillery (1993 Edition), pg. 231.

Projectile measures: diameter 3.6in., length 9.25in. (excluding fuze), weight 18.5lbs to 19lbs. Projectile is fired, low band sabot seperated on firing. Shell is cut shows case shot balls packed in black asphalt. Note that the balls melted during firing and became pressed flat against the bottom, this left a void in the top under the fuze which is why it failed to detonate. Projectile is disarmed, cut shell exposes interior. Recovered: not determined.
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