Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

http://relicman.com/.

Ridgeway Civil War Library,.
Button.Backmark.Canfield.
Canfield Brothers & Company, Baltimore Maryland.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Library", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from Tice or Albert books, the pictures are generally from buttons analyzed by the author.


Canfield brothers, located in Baltimore Maryland were outfitters operating before the Civil War, supplying uniforms both North and South.

Canfield.100, (23mm).
Backmark: "CANFIELD & BROTHERS / (dot) BALTIMORE (dot)", dm two inner rings of dots, Scovill manufactured 1840's, (Canfield100). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 189, [Plate C-4, 5].

Canfield.110, (23mm).
Backmark: "CANFIELD & BROTHERS / (dot) BALTIMORE (dot)", dm between one outer and two inner rings of dots, Scovill manufactured 1840's, (Canfield.110). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 189.

B6465 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword up, Canfield & Brothers Baltimore, dm three rings, (22.1mm)
Reference: Albert VA4, Tice VA206A1.


Canfield.120, (23mm).
Backmark: "CANFIELD & BROTHER / (star) BALTIMORE (star)", rmdc on a stippled field, Scovill manufactured 1850's, (Canfield120). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 189.

B4420 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword up, Canfield & Brothers Baltimore, rmdc, (22.5mm)
B4420.jpg (35306 bytes) B4420B.jpg (45592 bytes)Reference: Albert VA4, Tice VA206A2

B5065 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword up, Canfield & Brothers Baltimore, rmdc, silvered variant, (22.5mm)
Reference: Albert VA4, Tice VA206A2., silvered.


Canfield.130, (23mm).
Backmark: "CANFIELD BRO & CO / (dot) BALTIMORE (dot) " rmdc, stippled channel, Scovill manufactured 1850's, (Canfield.130). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 189, [Plate C-4, 2].

B6401 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword down, Canfield rmdc, (22.5mm)
Reference: Albert VA13A2, Tice VA222A1.


Canfield.140, (23mm).
Backmark: "CANFIELD BRO & CO / (star) BALTIMORE (star) " rmdc, stippled channel, Scovill manufactured 1850's, (Canfield.140). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 189.
B4166...Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", "CANFIELD BRO & CO / (star) BALTIMORE (star) " rmdc, (22.5mm). Button depicts eagle facing right with "C" in the shield, generally for cavalry officers. Backmark: "CANFIELD BRO & CO / (star) BALTIMORE (star) " rmdc, stippled channel, Scovill manufactured 1850's, (Canfield.140). Two part convex button, large coat size.
Button.1.Federal.30.Cavalry.Canfield.140., Reference: Albert CV1, Tice CV215.

Nondug button.

B7030...Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", "CANFIELD BRO & CO / (star) BALTIMORE (star) " rmdc, two part convex large coat size, (22mm)
Button depicts eagle facing right with "I" in the shield, generally for infantry officers. Backmark: "CANFIELD BRO & CO / (star) BALTIMORE (star) " rmdc, stippled channel, Scovill manufactured 1850's, (Canfield140). Two part convex button, large coat size.
Reference: Albert GI89, Tice GI228A1.

Nondug button.


Canfield.150, (22mm).
Backmark: "CANFIELD BRO & CO. (dot) BALTIMOR (sic) (dot)" dm between outer solid ring, inner ring of large dots, letters are not well formed, likely Steele & Johnson manufacture ca 1850's, (Canfield.150). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 189, [Plate C4, 4].

B5924 South Carolina button, state seal, palmetto tree, Canfield Bro., (22.3mm)
Reference: Albert SC11, not listed, Tice SC244A1.

B5069 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword down, Canfield Bro., (22.3mm)
B5069A.JPG (41461 bytes) B5069B.JPG (45880 bytes)Reference: Albert VA12A, Tice VA221A1.


Canfield.160, (23mm).
Backmark "C. B. &. CO / (dot) BALTIMOR (dot) " dm between two solid rings, only made in small size, Scovill manufactured 1850's, (Canfield.160). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 189.

B5857 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword down, C B & Co, Baltimor, dm, (15.4mm)
Reference: Albert VA16, Tice VA230As1.


Canfield.200,(22mm).
Backmark: "CANFIELD. BRO & CO. / BALTIMORE. " dm between rings of dots, Scovill produced ca 1860, (Canfield.200). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 189, [Plate C-4, 3].

B5311 Maryland state seal button, officer staff, Canfield Bro., (22.4mm)

Reference: Albert MD11A1, Tice MD200A2.

B5032 Maryland cadet button, Maryland Military Institute, officer staff, Canfield Bro., (22mm)
B5032.jpg (39284 bytes) B5032B.jpg (39322 bytes) Reference: Albert SU217, TiceMDS270A1.

B5009 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant, officer staff, Canfield Bro & Co Baltimore dm between rings, (22.2mm)
B5009.jpg (37507 bytes)B5009B.jpg (38241 bytes) Reference: Albert VA20, not listed, Tice VA261A1.


Canfield.210, (15mm).
Backmark: "CANFIELD. BRO & CO. / BAL.", dm with inner ring, no outer ring, used for small buttons only, Scovill produced ca 1860, (Canfield.210). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 189.

B0152...Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", "CANFIELD. BRO & CO. / BAL.", dm, (15mm). Button depicts eagle facing right with "C" in the shield, generally for cavalry officers. Backmark: "CANFIELD. BRO & CO. / BAL.", dm with inner ring, no outer ring, used for small buttons only, Scovill produced ca 1860, (Canfield.210). Two part convex button, hat or sleeve size.
Button.1.Federal.30.Cavalry.Canfield.210., Reference: Albert CV1, Tice CV215.

Dug button. Recovered: Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, by Steve Baker.

B6464 Maryland button, state seal eagle over a coat of arms with a fisherman and farmer, officer staff, Canfield Bro., (15mm)
Reference: Albert MD11, not listed, Tice MD200As1.

B4242. North Carolina button, state seal ladies Liberty and Plenty, officer staff, Backmark: "CANFIELD. BRO & CO. / BAL.", dm, (14.7mm)

Dug button. Recovered: North Carolina site. Reference: Albert NC2, Tice NC204.

B5330 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant, officer staff, Canfield Bro., (15mm)
Reference: Albert VA20, not listed, Tice VA261As1.