Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

http://relicman.com/.

Ridgeway Civil War Library.
Button.Backmark.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.
"Extra Quality", tentative attribution to Waterbury Button Co.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Library", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from Tice or Albert books, the pictures are generally from buttons analyzed by the author.

"Extra Quality" "Extra Fine, Extra Gilt, Extra Plate, etc backmarks were generic stock backmarks or tradename backmarks denoting quality. There are many variations of this backmark, uncertainty as to who the actual producers were of some of them, so all are listed here as I find them..


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.300, (22mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (dot) (star) (dot) QUALITY " rmdc, maker not known, ca 1850s, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.300). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B4001 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", Extra Quality rmdc, (22.3mm)
Reference: Albert GI85 / 88, Tice GI215A101.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.310, (22mm)
Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" rmdc in stippled field, inner rim has the appearance of dots, likely manufacture by Waterbury Button Co., ca 1850's, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.310). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.
B4097...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" rmdc manufacture by Waterbury Button Co, (22mm). Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" rmdc in stippled field, inner rim has the appearance of dots, likely manufacture by Waterbury Button Co., ca 1850's, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.310). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.310.

Nondug button.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.330, (23mm)
Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm between rings of dots, some of the dots are spaced or formed irregularly, this pattern has no periods, no third inner ring, bottom of lettering of "Quality" touches the bottom ring, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co., ca. 1860s, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.330). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.
B6416...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, three part officer coat, "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm between rings of dots, by Waterbury Button Co, (22mm). Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm between rings of dots, some of the dots are spaced or formed irregularly, this pattern has no periods, no third inner ring, bottom of lettering of "Quality" touches the bottom ring, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co., ca. 1860s, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.330). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.330. Die variant, Eagle faces right surrounded by 24 stars. Eagle neck is thin. Shield has stripes only and no stars, concave top, blunt ears, bulged sides, and rounded bottom with a point. Eagle wings are orderly, rounded, and symmetrical. Four arrows are held in right talon, un-equal in length. Five tail feathers are short, layered and symmetrical. This version of Extra Quality, without periods, without the inner ring, and with the bottom of the "Q" touching the outside ring, was manufactured by Waterbury Button Co.

Nondug button.

B6462 Maryland button, state seal eagle over a coat of arms with a fisherman and farmer, officer staff, Extra Quality small letters, by Scovill, dm between rings, a variant, (22.4mm)
Reference: Albert MD11, Tice MD200A4.

B6499 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Extra Quality, dm between rings of dots, small letters, stars dividing, no periods, (22.3mm)
Reference: Albert MS35, Tice MS210.

B0794...Pennsylvania button, state seal horses with symbols of agriculture and commerce, staff officer, "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co, (22.5mm). Button depicts state seal of Pennsylvania, two horses over a coat of arms with symbolism of agriculture and commerce, intended for officers of Pennsylvania militia units. Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm between rings of dots, some of the dots are spaced or formed irregularly, this pattern has no periods, no third inner ring, bottom of lettering of "Quality" touches the bottom ring, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co., ca. 1860s, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.330). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.2.Pennsylvania.1.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.330., (22.5mm) Die pattern features both horses facing right. This pattern is attributed to Waterbury Button Co, horse on the right facing over its shoulder is relatively vertical, and tail of "Q" touches the ring of dots. Reference: Albert PA18, Tice PA203.

Dug button. Recovered: Stafford County, Virginia.

B5702 New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Extra Quality, dm between rings of dots, stars dividing, without periods, variant shield with pronounced point, (22.2mm)
Reference: Albert NY30, Tice NY220, not listed.

B6005 New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Extra Quality, dm between rings of dots, stars dividing, without periods, variant shield with blunt edge, (22.2mm)
Reference: Albert NY30, Tice NY220.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.350, (23mm)
Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, single inner ring of elongated dots or slashes, this pattern has no periods, ca 1860's to post war, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co., (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.350). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B3253...Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, by Waterbury Button Co., (22.5mm). Button depicts eagle facing right with "C" in the shield, generally for cavalry officers. Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, single inner ring of elongated dots or slashes, this pattern has no periods, ca 1860's to post war, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co., (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.350). Two part convex button, large coat size.
Button.1.Federal.30.Cavalry.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.350. Reference: Albert CV1, Tice CV215.

Dug button. Recovered: Atlanta 1864 campaign.

B5978 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Extra Quality dm inner ring, (23mm)
Reference: Albert GI89, Tice GI228A12.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.351, (21mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, single inner ring of elongated dots or slashes, this pattern has no periods, ca 1860s, and could be transitional, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.351). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B4188 Federal general service button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality dm stars dividing with inner ring of slashes, (21mm)
Reference: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215A48.

B5996 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Extra Quality dm inner ring, (21.3mm)
Reference: Albert GI89, Tice GI228A12, coat size.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.352, (15mm)
Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, single inner ring of elongated dots or slashes, this pattern has no periods, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co ca 1860s, and could be transitional, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.352). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.
B6382...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, three part officer, "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co, (15mm). Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) QUALITY (star)" dm, single inner ring of elongated dots or slashes, this pattern has no periods, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co ca 1860s, and could be transitional, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.352). Three part officer button, hat or sleeve size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.352.

Nondug button.

B4372 California button, state seal Minerva with "Eureka", officer staff, Extra Quality, dm inner ring of slashes, (15mm)
Reference: Albert CF2, Tice CF002As1.

B6528 Maryland button, state seal eagle over a coat of arms with a fisherman and farmer, officer staff, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, (15mm)
Reference: Albert MD11, not listed, TiceMD200Bs2.

B6477 New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Extra Quality, dm inner ring of slashes, (14.5mm)
Reference: Albert NY30, Tice NY220AAs1.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.360, (23mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm, between two rings of elongated shaped dots, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co 1860's, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.360). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82, (Waterbury Button Co), [Plate B-9, 12].

B6239...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, three part officer coat, "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm, by Waterbury Button Co, (22mm). Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm, between two rings of elongated shaped dots, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co 1860's, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.360). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.360.1. Die variant, eagle faces right surrounded by 24 stars. Eagle neck is short and feathery. Shield has stripes only and no stars, concave top, blunt ears, bulged sides, and rounded bottom with a point. Eagle wings are orderly and symmetrical. Four arrows held in right talon are un-equal in length. Five tail feathers are symmetrical with center feather extended. This version of Extra Quality with large letters and floral divider is likely manufactured by Waterbury Button Co.

Nondug button.

B5286...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, three part officer coat, "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm, by Waterbury Button Co, (22mm). Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm, between two rings of elongated shaped dots, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co 1860's, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.360). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.360.2. Die variant: Eagle faces right surrounded by 24 stars. Eagle neck is short and feathery. Shield has stars and stripes, concave top, blunt ears, bulged sides, and rounded bottom with a point. Eagle wings are stylized rounded and symmetrical. Four arrows in right talon are un-equal in length, five tail feathers are feathery and symmetrical. This version of Extra Quality with large letters and floral divider is likely manufactured by Waterbury Button Co.

Nondug button.

B4616 Maryland button, state seal eagle over a coat of arms with a fisherman and farmer, officer staff, Extra Quality, by Waterbury Button Co, (22mm)
Reference: Albert MD11, not listed, TiceMD200B3.

B6315 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Extra Quality, dm between rings of dots, small letters, graphic dividing, (23mm)
Reference: Albert MS35, Tice MS210UNCL4. $25.

B5596...Pennsylvania button, state seal horses with symbols of agriculture and commerce, staff officer, "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm, manufactured by Waterbury Button Co, (22.5mm). Button depicts state seal of Pennsylvania, two horses over a coat of arms with symbolism of agriculture and commerce, intended for officers of Pennsylvania militia units. Backmark: "EXTRA / (floral graphic) QUALITY (floral graphic)" dm, between two rings of elongated shaped dots, believed to have been manufactured by Waterbury Button Co 1860s, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.360). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.2.Pennsylvania.1.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.360., (22.5mm) Die pattern features both horses facing right. This pattern is attributed to Waterbury Button Co, horse on the right facing over its shoulder is relatively vertical, and tail of "Q" touches the ring of dots. Reference: Albert PA18, Tice PA203.

Nondug button.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.370, (23mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (dot) (star) (dot) QUALITY (dot) (star) (dot)" dm, between two solid rings, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.370). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.
B4172...Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", "EXTRA / (dot) (star) (dot) QUALITY (dot) (star) (dot)" dm byWaterbury Button Co, (22.5mm). Button depicts eagle facing right with "C" in the shield, generally for cavalry officers. Backmark: "EXTRA / (dot) (star) (dot) QUALITY (dot) (star) (dot)" dm, between two solid rings, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.370). Two part convex button, large coat size.
Button.1.Federal.30.Cavalry.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.370. Reference: Albert CV1, Tice CV215.

Nondug button.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.380, (22mm).
Backmark: EXTRA / (graphic of bow) QUALITY (graphic of bow)" dm between solid rings, shank well is depressed giving the appearance of a third ring, manufacture estimated 1860s and could be late war or transitional backmark, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.380). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B6873 New York button, state seal, eagle over shield with "Excelsior", officer staff, Extra Quality, dm between inner ring of dots, three graphics dividing, (22.3mm)
Button depicts state seal of New York, "Excelsior", eagle over shield with rising sun and stars and stripes, intended for New York units. Backmark: EXTRA / (3 graphics) QUALITY (3 graphics)" dm between solid rings, shank well is depressed giving the appearance of a third ring, manufacture estimated 1860s and could be late war or transitional backmark, (Extra26). Three part officer staff button, coat size. Nondug button.
Reference: Albert NY30, Tice NY220.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.390, (23mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (3 graphics of +) QUALITY (3graphics of +) " dm, inner ring of dots, believed to be Waterbury Button Co, transitional backmark, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.390). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 82,(Waterbury Button Co).

B5912 Connecticut state seal button, grape vines transplanted, Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co, dm with ring and graphic, (22.8mm)
Reference: Albert CT13, Tice CT205B3.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.400, (19mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) (large star) (star) QUALITY (star) (large star) (star)" dm inner solid ring, button only made in small coat or vest size, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.400). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B6070 South Carolina cadet button, state seal with palmetto tree and "SC", Citadel cadet, Extra Quality, (19mm)
Reference: Albert SC15Bv unlisted, Tice SC2626Am7.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.410, (19mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) (graphic) (star) QUALITY (star) (graphic) (star)" dm, no rings, likely manufactured by Waterbury Button Co, ca 1860s and could be transitional or post war, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.410). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.
B0012...Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", "EXTRA / (star) (graphic) (star) QUALITY (star) (graphic) (star)" dm, by Waterbury Button Co., (19mm). Button depicts eagle facing right with "C" in the shield, generally for cavalry officers. Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) (graphic) (star) QUALITY (star) (graphic) (star)" dm, no rings, likely manufactured by Waterbury Button Co, ca 1860s and could be transitional or post war, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.410). Two part convex button, small size for hat or sleeve.
Button.1.Federal.30.Cavalry.Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.410. Reference: Albert CV1, Tice CV215.

Dug button. Recovered: Frederick County, Virginia, by Harry Ridgeway 1960's.

B5110 Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", split serif, Extra Quality, dm divided by three graphics, no rings, (16mm)
Reference: Albert GI85 / 88, Tice GI215As, not listed.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.420, (19mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (flower) (flower) QUALITY (flower) ", dm, two solid rings, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.420). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B4190 Federal general service button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality, flowers dividing, (19.2mm)
Reference: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215A49.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.430, (20mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (graphic) (star) (graphic) QUALITY (graphic) (star) (graphic)" dm, between rings of dots, ca 1860s and could be transitional, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.430). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B6114 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, high convex, Extra Quality dm between rings, (19.7mm)
Reference: Albert MS37, Tice MS212B2.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.431, (15mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (graphic) QUALITY (graphic) " dm, between single rings of dots, ca 1860s, this is the abbreviated cuff version of a similar backmark with double rings, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.431). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B6387 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, high convex, Extra Quality dm single inner ring rings, (15mm)
Reference: Albert MS37, Tice MS212Ds1. $10.


Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.433, (19.7mm).
Backmark: "EXTRA / (star) (star) (star) QUALITY (star) (star) (star)", dm, poorly formed letters on lined or stippled background, (Extra Quality by Waterbury Button Co.433). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons.

B6480 Federal general service button, eagle with shield, Extra Quality dm stars dividing on stippled background, (19.7mm)
Reference: Albert GI94, Tice GEN215.