Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

http://relicman.com/.

Ridgeway Civil War Library.
Button.Backmark.Gminder Jacob.
Jacob Gminder, Baltimore, Maryland.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Library", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from Tice or Albert books, the pictures are generally from buttons analyzed by the author.

Jacob Gminder operated during the Civil War, yet most of his buttons are definite post war. However some of these backmarks may date to the Civil War.


Gminder Jacob.100, (22mm)
Backmark: "JACOB. GMINDER. / (dot) BALTIMORE (dot)" dm between outer rings of dots, inner ring of hyphens, probably made by Steele & Johnson, dating uncertain, (Gminder Jacob.100). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 191, [Plate C-4, 9].

B4452 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant, officer staff, Jacob Gminder Baltimore, dm between rings, (22.2mm)
B4452.jpg (35919 bytes) B4452B.jpg (33968 bytes) Ref: Albert VA20B, Tice VA261A2.


Gminder Jacob.110, (16mm)
Backmark: "JACOB GMINDER. / (star) (star) (star)" dm, inner ring of dots similar to a twisted rope, probably made by Steele & Johnson, dating uncertain, small size only, (Gminder Jacob.110). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 191.
B7445...Pennsylvania button, state seal horses with symbols of agriculture and commerce, staff officer, "JACOB GMINDER. / (star) (star) (star)" dm, (16mm). Button depicts state seal of Pennsylvania, two horses over a coat of arms with symbolism of agriculture and commerce, intended for officers of Pennsylvania militia units. Backmark: "JACOB GMINDER. / (star) (star) (star)" dm, inner ring of dots similar to a twisted rope, probably made by Steele & Johnson, dating uncertain, small size only, (Gminder Jacob.110). Three part officer button, small size for hat or sleeve.
Button.2.Pennsylvania.1.Gminder Jacob.110., (16mm) Die pattern features both horses facing right. Reference: Albert PA18, Tice PA203.

Nondug button. Collection of Harry Eichman.


Gminder Jacob.200, (15mm).
Backmark: "JACOB GMINDER. / (star) " dm , no rings, letters are plain without serifs, manufactured after the Civil War, (Gminder Jacob.200). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 191.

B6331 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant, officer staff, Jacob Gminder, dm no rings, (15mm)
Ref: Albert VA24. Manufactured after the Civil War.