Civil War Relicman,
Harry Ridgeway.

Winchester, Virginia USA (changed hands 70 times in the Civil War!).

http://relicman.com/.

Ridgeway Civil War Library.
Button.Backmark.Schuyler.
Schuyler Hartley & Graham, New York.

This is the "Ridgeway Civil War Library", a research tool for educational purposes only, and is provided at no cost to the reader. Some of the relics listed are retained in the author's collection, most reside in other collections and are not owned by the author. None of the items listed in this section are for sale, please refer to relicman.com sales listings for items offered for sale. This is a work in progress, I list items as I get to them, there are many patterns that are not listed yet, this list will be regularly updated as I get pictures and descriptions for more items. I will also correct mistakes, so if you see any please tell me. All items listed are believed to be authentic to the Civil War or as otherwise described. Any excavated relics have been recovered from private property with owners permission. This information is available for research purposes, pictures may be used by permission only.

Most information on this page is from Tice or Albert books, the pictures are generally from buttons analyzed by the author.

Schuyler, Hartley, and Graham were partners engaged in the military goods service from 1854 to the 1880s. Their 1864 catalog illustrated many of their goods available. They did not actually produce the buttons, it is believed that Scovill produced many of them, but not all.

Schuyler.100, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. HARTLEY. / (star) & GRAHAM (star) / NEW - YORK. (star) (star) (star) (star) (star) (star)" dm with middle and inner ring of dots simulating a twisted rope, ca 1850s, (Schuyler.100). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139, [Plate B-15, 4].
B2339...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, three part officer, "SCHUYLER. HARTLEY. / (star) & GRAHAM (star) / NEW - YORK. (star) (star) (star) (star) (star) (star)" dm, dm, (22mm). Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "SCHUYLER. HARTLEY. / (star) & GRAHAM (star) / NEW - YORK. (star) (star) (star) (star) (star) (star)" dm with middle and inner ring of dots simulating a twisted rope, ca 1850s, (Schuyler.100). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Schuyler.100.1.Die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, beveled upper corners, and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are equal length. Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS.

Nondug button.

B5021...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, three part officer, "SCHUYLER. HARTLEY. / (star) & GRAHAM (star) / NEW - YORK. (star) (star) (star) (star) (star) (star)" dm, dm, (22mm). Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "SCHUYLER. HARTLEY. / (star) & GRAHAM (star) / NEW - YORK. (star) (star) (star) (star) (star) (star)" dm with middle and inner ring of dots simulating a twisted rope, ca 1850s, (Schuyler.100). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Schuyler.100.2. Die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stripes only in shield with concave top, beveled upper corners, and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are equal length.. Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS.
B5021.jpg (30160 bytes) B5021B.jpg (41158 bytes)
Nondug button.


Schuyler.110,
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H. &. G. / N. Y. " rmdc, ca 1850s, (Schuyler.110). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139, [Plate B-15, 5].
Examples needed.


Schuyler.120, (20mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H & G. / N. Y. " rmdc probably Scovill ca 1850s, (Schuyler.120). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.

B4875 Federal artillery button, eagle with "A", Schuyler H & G NY rmdc, (19.5mm)
Ref: Albert AY78 / 79, Tice AY215, not listed.


Schuyler.130,
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H. &. G / N. YORK. " rmdc, ca 1850s, (Schuyler.130). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139, [Plate B-15, 6].
B7494...South Carolina button, state seal with palmetto tree, "SCHUYLER. H. &. G / N. YORK. " rmdc, (22.6mm). Button depicts the seal of South Carolina, a palmetto tree over an oak log, symbolic of the Revolutionary War victory at Sullivans Island. Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H. &. G / N. YORK. " rmdc, ca 1850s, (Schuyler.130). Two part convex button, coat size. Reference: Albert SC13, Tice SC248.

Nondug button.



Schuyler.140, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H & G. / NEW - YORK. " rmdc, Scovill manufacture 1850's, (Schuyler.140). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139, [Plate B-15, 7].

B5591 Federal dragoon button, eagle with "D", Schuyler H & G New York, rmdc, (22.6mm)
Ref: Albert DR4A6, Tice DR215A23.

B4754 South Carolina button, state seal with palmetto tree, Schuyler H & G New York no divider, rmdc, (22.6mm)
Ref: Albert SC13A4, Tice SC248A5.

B6159 Virginia button, state seal Virtus slaying the tyrant with sword up, high convex, die variant VA7, Schuyler H&G, rmdc, (22.3mm)
Ref: Albert VA7, Tice VA215A2.


Schuyler.150, (23mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H & G. / (dot) NEW -YORK. (dot)" rmdc , Scovill produced ca 1850s, (Schuyler.150). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.

B4127...Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", "SCHUYLER. H & G. / (dot) NEW -YORK. (dot)" rmdc, two part convex large coat size, (23mm)
Button depicts eagle facing right with "I" in the shield, generally for infantry officers. Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H & G. / (dot) NEW -YORK. (dot)" rmdc , Scovill produced ca 1850s, (Schuyler.150). Two part convex button, large coat size.
1..Ref: Albert GI85 or GI88, Tice GI215A60. Die variant, eagle's outstretched wings are long orderly and symmetrical, 5 tail feathers are nearly equal in length and symmetrical. It is believed that this pattern was manufactured by Scovill.

Nondug button.

B4137...Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", "SCHUYLER. H & G. / (dot) NEW -YORK. (dot)" rmdc, two part convex large coat size, (23mm)
Button depicts eagle facing right with "I" in the shield, generally for infantry officers. Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H & G. / (dot) NEW -YORK. (dot)" rmdc , Scovill produced ca 1850s, (Schuyler.150). Two part convex button, large coat size.
2..Ref: Albert GI not listed, Tice GI not listed. Die variant, motiff is applied. This seems to have been a limited production special order, employing the highest quality craftmanship, the back is the same back used on prewar buttons, however accurate dating this button is uncertain.

Nondug button.

B5014 Federal rifleman button, eagle with "R", Schuyler H & G New York rmdc, (23.4mm)
B5014.jpg (32383 bytes) B5014B.jpg (33945 bytes)Ref: Albert RF17/19, Tice RF212/215A29.

B4936 Georgia button, state seal dome over three pillars, Schuyler H & G New York, rmdc, (23.1mm)
B4936.jpg (29142 bytes)B4936B.jpg (29015 bytes) Ref: Albert GA1B1, TiceGA200B1.

B4994 South Carolina button, state seal with palmetto tree, Schuyler H & G New York dots dividing, rmdc, (22.6mm)
B4994.jpg (38872 bytes) B4994B.jpg (35560 bytes) Ref: Albert SC13A4 variant, Tice SC248A6.


Schuyler.200, (22mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER H & G. / NEW - YORK.", dm between rings of dots, Scovill manufacture ca 1860's, (Schuyler.200). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139, [Plate B-15, 8].
B1220...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, "SCHUYLER H & G. / NEW - YORK.", dm , (22.3mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "SCHUYLER H & G. / NEW - YORK.", dm between rings of dots, Scovill manufacture ca 1860's, (Schuyler.200).. Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Schuyler.200.1. This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars & stripes in shorter shield with flat top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are unequal length. Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS.

Nondug button.

B7050...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, "SCHUYLER H & G. / NEW - YORK.", dm , (22.3mm)
Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "SCHUYLER H & G. / NEW - YORK.", dm between rings of dots, Scovill manufacture ca 1860's, (Schuyler.200).. Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Schuyler.200.2. This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 24 stars, stars & stripes in shorter shield with flat top and rounded bottom with a point, four arrows in right talon are unequal length. Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS.

Nondug button.

B5719 Massachusetts button, state seal arm and sword, officer staff, Schuyler H & G New- York, dm between rings, variant short saber, (22mm)
Ref: Albert MS35, Tice MS210B2.

B6740 Texas button, state seal, flat star on lined field, high convex officer staff, Schuyler H & G New York, dm between rings, (22.4mm)
Ref: Albert TX21, Tice TX232A2.


Schuyler.210, (22mm).
Backmark: "SCHUYLER H & G. / NEW YORK.", dm between rings of dots, Scovill produced ca. 1860s, (Schuyler.210). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.

B5870 Maine button, state seal husbandman and seaman with white pine, officer staff, die variant "B", Schuyler, dm, (22.2mm)
Ref: Albert ME1, Tice ME200B2.

B3969 New York cadet button, Poughkeepsie Military Institute , "PMI", officer staff, Schuyler H& G New York dm between rings, (22mm)
Ref: Albert SU322, Tice NYS288A1.


Schuyler.220, (23mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H & G. / (star) NEW - YORK. (star)" dm with two inner and one outer ring of dots, Scovill produced ca 1860, (Schuyler.220). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.

B6466 Alabama button, state seal, "Map of Alabama", officer staff, Schuyler H&G, New York, dm between rings, (23mm)
Ref: Albert AB1A3, Tice AB200A1.

B6986 Kentucky button, state seal two figures shaking hands, officer staff, Schuyler H& G New York, dm between three rings, (22.8mm)
Ref: Albert KY1A, Tice KY200A4.


Schuyler.221, (15mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H. &. G / N - YORK.", the "S" in Schuyler is reversed, dm inner solid ring, Scovill produced ca 1860, for small buttons only, (Schuyler.221). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.

B4102 Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, Schuyler H & G, N - York, dm, (15mm)
Ref: Albert GS, Tice GS, not listed.

B5301 Alabama button, state seal, "Map of Alabama", officer staff, Schuyler H&G, N York, dm inner ring, (15mm)
Ref: Albert AB1Av1, Tice AB200As1.


Schuyler.230, (16mm).
Backmark: "SCHUYLER H & G / N YORK." dm inner ring of dots partly obscured by shank well. Scovill produced ca 1860, for small buttons only, (Schuyler.230). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.

B2260...Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", "SCHUYLER H & G / N YORK." dm, two part convex hat or sleeve size, (16mm)
Button depicts eagle facing right with "I" in the shield, generally for infantry officers. Backmark: "SCHUYLER H & G / N YORK." dm inner ring of dots partly obscured by shank well. Scovill produced ca 1860, for small buttons only, (Schuyler.230). Two part convex button, hat or sleeve size.
1..Ref: Albert GI85 or GI88, Tice GI215A60 to 67, not listed. Die pattern, eagle's outstretched wings are long orderly and symmetrical, 5 tail feathers are nearly equal in length and symmetrical. It is believed that this pattern was manufactured by Scovill.

Nondug button.

B5326 Texas cavalry button, state seal, "C" inside stippled star, flat field without border, Schuyler H &G, N York, (15.5mm)
Ref: Albert TX22, not listed, Tice TX242As1.


Schuyler.240.CadetCoat, (19mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H. & G. N. Y." dm no rings, depressed shank well, ca 1850s or 1860s, used on cadet coat buttons, (Schuyler.240.CadetCoat). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.

B6065 North Carolina cadet button, Hillsborough Military Academy, Schuyler H & G, dm,(18.7mm)
Ref: Albert SU150, Tice NCSAm1.

B5899 South Carolina button, state seal with palmetto tree and SC, Citadel cadet, Schuyler H & G NY,(19mm)
Ref: AlbertSC15, Tice SC262A4.


Schuyler.241, (14mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H & GNEW - YORK" dm no rings, depressed shank well, ca 1850s or 1860s, used oncadet hat buttons,(Schuyler.241). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.

B3882 Hillsborough Military Academy button (14.1mm).

Backmark: "Schuyler H&G / New York" dm
Shank missing, clean button
Recovered: Stafford County, Va
Ref: Albert SU150, Tice NCS270As2.


Schuyler.242, (14mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER. H & G / N Y" dm no rings, depressed shank well, ca 1850s or 1860s, used on cadet hat buttons, (Schuyler.242). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.

B3525. South Carolina button, state seal with palmetto tree with no fruit, "SCHUYLER. H & G / N Y" dm no rings, (13.6mm)

Ref: AlbertSC13, Tice SC248As4.


Schuyler.250, (23mm)
Backmark: "SCHUYLER HARTLEY & GRAHAM / (star) N. Y. (star)" dm inner ring of short hyphens, probably D Evans manufacture ca 1860s to post war, (Schuyler.250). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139, [Plate B-15, 9].

B6950 Federal artillery button, eagle with "A", Schuyler Hartley & Graham NY dm inner ring of dots, Evans die with wide neck, open beak, and wide shield, (23mm)

Ref: Albert AY78 / 79, Tice AY215A53.

B5997...Federal infantry button, eagle with "I", "SCHUYLER HARTLEY & GRAHAM / (star) N. Y. (star)" dm, two part convex large coat size, (23mm)
Button depicts eagle facing right with "I" in the shield, generally for infantry officers.Backmark: "SCHUYLER HARTLEY & GRAHAM / (star) N. Y. (star)" dm inner ring of short hyphens, probably D Evans manufacture ca 1860s to post war, (Schuyler.250). Two part convex button, large coat size.
1..Ref: Albert GI85 or GI88, Tice GI215A67, [Plate D-4, item 4C]. Die pattern, eagle's outstretched wings are slightly ruffled, neck is short, 5 tail feathers are un-equal in length and symmetrical, shield is wide.It is believed that this pattern was manufactured by D Evans.

Nondug button.

B4723...Federal cavalry button, eagle with "C", "SCHUYLER HARTLEY & GRAHAM / (star) N. Y. (star)" dm, (23mm). Button depicts eagle facing right with "C" in the shield, generally for cavalry officers. Backmark: "SCHUYLER HARTLEY & GRAHAM / (star) N. Y. (star)" dm inner ring of short hyphens, probably D Evans manufacture ca 1860s to post war, (Schuyler.250). Two part convex button, large coat size..
Button.1.Federal.30.Cavalry.Schuyler.250., Reference: Albert CV1, Tice CV215.

Nondug button.

B4194 Federal engineer button, eagle with "Essayons", fort and rising sun, Schuyler Hartley & Graham, (22.7mm)
Ref: Albert EG6G, Tice EG215F, not listed.


Schuyler.260,(23mm).
Backmark: "SCHUYLER HARTLEY & GRAHAM / (star) N - Y (star)" dm inner ring of dots, manufacture by D Evans ca 1860s, (Schuyler.260). Reference: Tice, Dating Buttons, page 139.
B5961...Federal officer staff button, eagle with shield, three part officer, "SCHUYLER HARTLEY & GRAHAM / (star) N - Y (star)" dm, (23mm). Button was intended for officers, depicting patriotic symbolism of eagle grasping arrows for war and olive branch for peace. Backmark: "SCHUYLER HARTLEY & GRAHAM / (star) N - Y (star)" dm inner ring of dots, manufacture by D Evans ca 1860s, (Schuyler.260). Three part officer button, coat size.
Button.1.Federal.10.Officer.Schuyler.260. This die pattern features eagle facing right surrounded by 22 stars, stars and stripes in shield with pointed top, rounded sides and pointed bottom, three arrows in right talon. Reference: Albert GS, Tice GS.

Nondug button.